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Rio de Janeiro Carnival - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Rio de Janeiro Carnival. Eva Koprivnik. The Brazilian Carnival, properly spelled Carnaval, is an annual festival in Brazil held four days before Ash Wednesday , the day of fasting and repentance that marks the beginning of Lent . Rio Carnival.

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Rio de Janeiro Carnival

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Rio de Janeiro Carnival

Eva Koprivnik

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  • The Brazilian Carnival, properly spelled Carnaval, is an annual festival in Brazil held four days before Ash Wednesday, the day of fasting and repentance that marks the beginning of Lent.

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Rio Carnival

  • Carnival in Rio de Janeiro is now considered one of the greatest shows on Earth.

  • Rio de Janeiro is known as the cultural capital of Brazil and was the administrative capital from 1822 to 1960, when Federal Government moved to the new capital, Brasilia.

  • The first festivals of Rio date back to 1723.

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  • The famous carnival parade has been going on since the 1930s.

  • The parade starts Sunday evening and continues into early morning Monday of the celebration.

  • In 1984 the parade finally found its permanent home, the Sambadrome ["sambódromo" in Portuguese].

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  • The Sambadrome is a large structure that was built in the downtown area.

  • In the off season, the buildings of the Sambadrome are used as classrooms for the local public schools.

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Samba schools

  • The carnival parade is filled with people and floats from various samba schools.

  • A samba school can either be an actual school or just a collaboration of local neighbors that want to attend carnival.

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Samba schools include:

  • Imperio Serrano

  • Academicos do Salgueiro

  • Unidos da Tijuca

  • Beija-Flor de Nilopolis

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  • Each school begins with the "comissão de frente", which is the first wing.

  • The "comissão de frente" is made up of ten to fifteen people only.

  • People have choreographic dances in fancy costumes that usually tell a short story.

  • Following the "comissão de frente" is the first float of the samba school, called "abre-alas".

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Important roles:

  • porta-bandeira

  • mestre-sala

  • The porta-bandeira is a very important lady who is in charge of the samba school flag.

  • Floatees, who are also important, are the people who populate the floats.

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  • Balls of every kind can be found in Rio including gala balls, balls for singles, and gay balls.

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  • The gala balls are the only luxury balls that are still around that can be enjoyed at the Copacabana Palace.

  • The gala balls are a luxury event which requires black tie or fancy costumes.

  • Balls for singles are found at Copacabana Beach and a club called Scala.

  • Gay balls are found at the Gala Gay at Scala and are open to everyone, especially for gays with alternative lifestyles.

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Street Carnival

  • Street festivals are very common during carnival and are highly populated by the locals.

  • One of the most well known bandas of Rio is Banda de Ipanema (is one of the gayest events of Carnival in Rio).

  • Banda de Ipanema was first created in 1965 and is known as Rio’s most irreverent street band.

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  • The most famous dance is the samba.

  • Other dances include the lundu, the polka, and the maxixe.

  • Music is another major aspect of all parts of carnival.

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Instruments of Carnival

  • Before the samba gained the percussive style, it was played with flutes and string instruments.

  • There are several types of drums within the ensemble including the surdos, caixas, repiniques, and tamborim.

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  • Samba parades:

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