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The Industrial Revolution. Readings: Smith, et al., 791-802, 812-818. The Industrial Revolution. Has its main effects from 1780-1850: Time of transformation of work From hand to machine From rural areas to cities Created social classes Workers, the Proletariat Changed family life.

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the industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution

Readings: Smith, et al., 791-802, 812-818

the industrial revolution1
The Industrial Revolution
  • Has its main effects from 1780-1850:
    • Time of transformation of work
    • From hand to machine
    • From rural areas to cities
    • Created social classes
      • Workers, the Proletariat
      • Changed family life
changes which occurred because of the industrial revolution
Changes which occurred because of the Industrial Revolution
  • Migration to industrialized nations
  • Changed way of buying and selling
  • Creation of new leisure activities
  • Transferred balance of power toward industrialized countries
why england
Why ENGLAND?
  • Science most advanced
  • Protestantism
  • Agricultural Revolution most advanced in England
new technology1
New Technology
  • John Kay—Flying Shuttle(1733)
  • James Hargreaves—Spinning Jenny (1764)
  • Samuel Cromptom— “The Mule” (1779)
  • Edmund Cartwright—Power Loom (1775)
  • Eli Whitney– Cotton Gin (1793)
new bottleneck is factory problems
New Bottleneck is Factory problems
  • Factory location because of Factory size.
  • Fuel problems
    • England was running out of wood
    • Coal accumulated water in the mines so that pumps had to be used
engines
Engines
  • Savery—1698
  • Necomen—1705
  • John Wilkinson did a boring mill in 1774
  • James Watt did the steam engine in 1775
  • George Stephenson came up with the “The Iron Horse in 1829
england and the consequences of the industrial revolution
England and the Consequences of the Industrial Revolution
  • Technology used to transform means of war
  • 1851—England produced 2/3 of the world’s coal.
  • England produced ½ the world’s iron and cotton.
  • Problems in factories
  • Standard of living?
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