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The Industrial Revolution. Readings: Smith, et al., 791-802, 812-818. The Industrial Revolution. Has its main effects from 1780-1850: Time of transformation of work From hand to machine From rural areas to cities Created social classes Workers, the Proletariat Changed family life.

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The industrial revolution

The Industrial Revolution

Readings: Smith, et al., 791-802, 812-818


The industrial revolution1
The Industrial Revolution

  • Has its main effects from 1780-1850:

    • Time of transformation of work

    • From hand to machine

    • From rural areas to cities

    • Created social classes

      • Workers, the Proletariat

      • Changed family life


Changes which occurred because of the industrial revolution
Changes which occurred because of the Industrial Revolution

  • Migration to industrialized nations

  • Changed way of buying and selling

  • Creation of new leisure activities

  • Transferred balance of power toward industrialized countries


Why england
Why ENGLAND?

  • Science most advanced

  • Protestantism

  • Agricultural Revolution most advanced in England



New technology1
New Technology

  • John Kay—Flying Shuttle(1733)

  • James Hargreaves—Spinning Jenny (1764)

  • Samuel Cromptom— “The Mule” (1779)

  • Edmund Cartwright—Power Loom (1775)

  • Eli Whitney– Cotton Gin (1793)


New bottleneck is factory problems
New Bottleneck is Factory problems

  • Factory location because of Factory size.

  • Fuel problems

    • England was running out of wood

    • Coal accumulated water in the mines so that pumps had to be used


Engines
Engines

  • Savery—1698

  • Necomen—1705

  • John Wilkinson did a boring mill in 1774

  • James Watt did the steam engine in 1775

  • George Stephenson came up with the “The Iron Horse in 1829


England and the consequences of the industrial revolution
England and the Consequences of the Industrial Revolution

  • Technology used to transform means of war

  • 1851—England produced 2/3 of the world’s coal.

  • England produced ½ the world’s iron and cotton.

  • Problems in factories

  • Standard of living?


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