Economic systems
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Economic Systems. Traditional Command Market. Objectives. Identify three questions that all economic systems must answer. Describe a traditional economy Describe a command economy Describe a market economy

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Economic Systems

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Economic Systems

  • Traditional

  • Command

  • Market


  • Identify three questions that all economic systems must answer.

  • Describe a traditional economy

  • Describe a command economy

  • Describe a market economy

  • Explain how most economies have a mixed economy located on a continuum between a market and command economy

Vocabulary BreakEconomic System

  • the system of production and distribution and consumption

Three Economic Questions

  • What to produce?

  • How to produce?

  • For whom to produce?


  • A traditional economy is shaped largely by customs and religion.

  • Economic questions are answered by what happened in the past.

  • Traditional economies are mainly found in rural areas.

What to produce?-Traditional

  • Just what is needed to take care of self

How to produce?-Traditional

  • How it was produced in the past

For whom to produce?-Traditional

  • Self and one’s household

Positives of a traditional economy

  • Predictable

    • Knowing what your job will be

    • Knowing the way you will live

Problems with a traditional economy

  • Lack many resources

  • Only produce enough to live on


  • In a command economy the government answers the three basic economic question

  • Sometimes called communism

What to produce?-Command

  • What the government determines

How to produce?-Command

  • Government says how to produce

For whom to produce?-Command

  • Citizens regardless of market demand

Positives of a command economy

  • Because the government makes the decisions, people don’t have to worry about employment, housing, education, and healthcare

Problems with a command economy

  • Consumers get low priority

  • Little freedom of choice

  • All resources are owned by the government


  • In a market economy, buyers and sellers answer the three economic questions.

  • All resources are privately owned

What to produce?-Market

  • Producers and consumers

  • Whatever the market demands that will produce a profit

How to produce?-Market

By private producers

For whom to produce?-Market

  • Consumers who demand the product and are willing to pay

Positives of a market economy

  • People can start their own businesses

  • People have choice

Problems with a market economy

  • The desire for money may lead to poor quality of goods and services

  • Business owners have to risk losing money

Vocabulary BreakContinuum

  • A continuous seamless series.

  • A link between things that gradually and seamlessly connects. It is impossible to say where one becomes the next.

Continuum of Economies

Pure Command

Pure Market

MostIndividual freedom

NoIndividual freedom

Most economies fall in between a pure market and a pure command economy on the continuum

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