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Windows. Dr. Basel Mahafzah. Files versus Folders. A file contains related data. It might contain programs, pictures or text. A folder is a place where related files are stored. A folder may contain sub-folders thus forming a tree (file hierarchy). \ root. Parent. Courses. Programs.

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Windows

Windows

Dr. Basel Mahafzah


Files versus folders
Files versus Folders

  • A file contains related data. It might contain programs, pictures or text.

  • A folder is a place where related files are stored. A folder may contain sub-folders thus forming a tree (file hierarchy).


\ root

Parent

Courses

Programs

Games

CS111

CS113

CS210

Child

An Example on a File Hierarchy


Naming files and folders
Naming Files and Folders

File and folder names in Windows 95 can consist of up to 256characters. This means that you can give your files and folders meaningful names that will make them easier to find.


File extension
File Extension

Most Windows 95 applications automatically add a 3-character extension to the file name, which tells you what kind of information is stored in the file.


Examples on file extensions
Examples on File Extensions

  • Microsoft Word .doc

  • Microsoft Paint .bmp

  • Microsoft PowerPoint  .ppt.

  • Microsoft Excel  .xls



Windows95 explorer
Windows95 Explorer

The Windows Explorer is a file management utility in Windows95. In Windows Explorer, you can see both the hierarchy of folders on your computer and all the files and folders in each selected folder.


Continue
Continue…

  • As you can see the WindowsExplorer window is divided into two panes; the left pane displays the drives and folders in a tree view. The main trunk is the MyComputer folder, with branches descending through individual drives, then folders and finally sub-folders.


Continue1
Continue….

  • Left-clicking on any folder on the left pane, will open it and display its contents in the right pane. Left-clicking on the plus and minus signs located next to the drives and folders in the left pane view enable you to expand or collapse their branches. This two-paned view enables you to maneuver quickly between all of the folders contained on you computer.


Creating Folders

Step 1: Click on the floppy disk icon in the left pane of your WindowsExplorer.

Step 2: Select New, then Folder from the File menu.


A folder, temporarily named NewFolder, appears in the right hand pane of the Explorer window.


Step 3: Type the name CS111 in place of NewFolder.


  • Step1: select (highlight) the file,

  • Step2: right-click the mouse,

  • Step3: choose the Delete option from the pop-up menu;

  • OR

  • drag that folder to the RecycleBin.


  • Moving Folders

    To Move a folder:

    Step1: highlight it,

    Step2: from the Edit menu choose Cut,

    Step3: open the destination folder

    Step4: then click on Paste from the Edit menu.

    Alternatively

    You may move a folder by dragging it to the destination folder.


    Renaming folders
    Renaming Folders

    • To rename a folder:

      • select it,

      • right-click the mouse,

      • from the menu that will pop-up choose Rename and

      • type the new name for that folder;


    Renaming folders1
    Renaming Folders

    OR

    you could click on the Rename option listed in the File menu after you highlight that file.


    CopyingFolders

    Step1: select (highlight) the folder,

    Step2: choose Copy from the Edit menu,

    Step3: go the destination folder,

    step4: click on Paste from the Edit menu.


    Copying folders
    Copying Folders

    • Note that the created copy will have the same name as the source folder if the destination folder is different from the current working folder. On the other hand, if both the destination and source folders are the same, Windows will name the copy as the source folder name preceded by the statement: “Copy of”.


    Viewing the Contents of Folders

    Working with the left pane on Windows Explorer: point the mouse to that folder and left-click once.

    Working with the right pane of Windows Explorer:double-click on its icon,

    or

    you could highlight that folder, right-click the mouse and choose the Open option from the pop-up menu.


    Creating Files

    To create a file using WindowsExplorer:

    Step1: choose New from the File Menu,

    Step2: click on the suitable file type.

    Alternatively,

    Step1: point the mouse anywhere in the current folder’s window and

    Step2: right-click the mouse, a pop-up menu will appear,

    Step3: from the New menu choose the file type suitable for you.


    Copying Files

    To copy a file:

    Step1: select (highlight)it,

    Step2: from the Edit menu choose Copy,

    Step3: go the destination folder, and

    Step4: click Paste from the Edit menu.


    Deleting Files

    To delete a file:

    Step1: highlight it

    Step2: right-click the mouse

    Step3: choose Delete from the pop-up menu.

    or

    drag that file’s icon to the Recycle Bin.


    Moving Files

    To move a file:

    Step1: highlight it

    Step2: from the Edit menu choose Cut

    Step3: open the destination folder

    Step4: click on Paste from the Edit menu.

    Alternatively,

    you may move a file by dragging its icon to the destination folder.


    Renaming Files

    To rename a file:

    Step1: select it

    Step2: right-click the mouse

    Step3: from the menu that will pop-up choose Rename

    Step4: type the new name for this file;

    or

    you could click on the Rename option listed in the File menu.


    Opening Files Using Windows Explorer

    You may open a file by double-clicking on its icon,

    or by

    Step1: selecting that file,

    Step2: right-clicking the mouse,

    Step3: clicking Open from the pop-up menu.


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