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The Prophets. Isaiah – Who was he?. 66 chapters Ch. 1-39 actually written by Isaiah Son of Amoz Lived 742 B.C.E. – 700 B.C.E. Experienced vision in the temple Theses: Repentance and Renewal. Latter Chapters. Chapter 44-55 anonymous author Written during Babylonian exile

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isaiah who was he
Isaiah – Who was he?
  • 66 chapters
  • Ch. 1-39 actually written by Isaiah
  • Son of Amoz
  • Lived 742 B.C.E. – 700 B.C.E.
  • Experienced vision in the temple
  • Theses: Repentance and Renewal
latter chapters
Latter Chapters
  • Chapter 44-55 anonymous author
  • Written during Babylonian exile
  • 55-66, picks up upon theme of renewal
state of israel
State of Israel
  • Compares to rest of nature
  • Something gone wrong with humanity
  • Allusions to Genesis?
  • Imagery of sickness
  • Assyrian invasion: physical manifestation of sin
seeing the throne of god
Seeing the Throne of God
  • Throne of God surrounded by Seraphs
  • Gap between humanity and God
  • Isaiah not worthy
  • Purified
rely on god not worldly powers
Rely on God, Not Worldly Powers
  • Aware Assyria going to attack
  • Pact with Egypt
  • Trust in God instead
  • Egypt backstabs Israel
  • King of Judah surrenders to Assyrian king
suffering servant
Suffering Servant
  • Not typical depiction of a saviour
  • Many Jews overlooked passage
  • Became central focus in New Testament
ezekiel who was he
Ezekiel – Who was he?
  • Priest
  • Living during Babylonian exile
  • Intense personality
  • Religious Regulations
  • 48 Chapters
  • Warning – Despair - Renewal
opening
Opening
  • Ezekiel’s Vision
  • Creatures? Cherbuin Angels?
  • Glory of God
return after captivity
Return After Captivity
  • God will return the promise land
  • Heart of Stone
  • Heart of Flesh
everlasting covenant
Everlasting Covenant
  • What about Previous covenants?
  • People kept turning away in sin
  • Ultimate covenant that removes all guilt and shame
valley of the dead
Valley of the Dead
  • All those who have died (Cut off from God and life)
  • God will give new life
  • Eternal life
  • Foreshadowing of Christ, and ultimatly, all of our fates
daniel who was he
Daniel – Who was he?
  • Contemporary of Ezekiel
  • Carried off to Babylon
  • Advisor in the royal court
  • Called Daniel, because it is about Daniel, not written by Daniel though
structure
Structure
  • Introduction
  • 2 main parts
  • Daniel’s life in Babylonian politics
  • Daniel’s prophetic visions
life in the babylonian royal court
Life in the Babylonian Royal Court
  • Refuses to eat unholy food
  • Interprets dreams
  • Refuses to worship false idols
  • Burning furnance
  • Not afraid to speak his mind
  • Feast of Belshazzar
  • Lion’s Den
daniel s visions
Daniel’s Visions
  • Chapter 7
  • Four beasts
  • Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome
  • 7:7 the fourth and worst beast
  • God’s kingdom established
vision in daniel 8
Vision in Daniel 8
  • Ram and Goat charging
  • Interpreted by Gabriel
  • Greece and Persia
  • From Greece, will come a great ruler
  • Alexander the Great?
apocalyptic literature
Apocalyptic Literature
  • Eschatology
  • Increasing corruption
  • Resurrection of the dead
  • St. Michael, defender of Israel
  • Need to purify ourselves
  • 12:13 – not everyone will turn to God
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