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The Prophets. Isaiah – Who was he?. 66 chapters Ch. 1-39 actually written by Isaiah Son of Amoz Lived 742 B.C.E. – 700 B.C.E. Experienced vision in the temple Theses: Repentance and Renewal. Latter Chapters. Chapter 44-55 anonymous author Written during Babylonian exile

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Isaiah who was he
Isaiah – Who was he?

  • 66 chapters

  • Ch. 1-39 actually written by Isaiah

  • Son of Amoz

  • Lived 742 B.C.E. – 700 B.C.E.

  • Experienced vision in the temple

  • Theses: Repentance and Renewal


Latter chapters
Latter Chapters

  • Chapter 44-55 anonymous author

  • Written during Babylonian exile

  • 55-66, picks up upon theme of renewal


State of israel
State of Israel

  • Compares to rest of nature

  • Something gone wrong with humanity

  • Allusions to Genesis?

  • Imagery of sickness

  • Assyrian invasion: physical manifestation of sin


Seeing the throne of god
Seeing the Throne of God

  • Throne of God surrounded by Seraphs

  • Gap between humanity and God

  • Isaiah not worthy

  • Purified


Rely on god not worldly powers
Rely on God, Not Worldly Powers

  • Aware Assyria going to attack

  • Pact with Egypt

  • Trust in God instead

  • Egypt backstabs Israel

  • King of Judah surrenders to Assyrian king


Suffering servant
Suffering Servant

  • Not typical depiction of a saviour

  • Many Jews overlooked passage

  • Became central focus in New Testament


Ezekiel who was he
Ezekiel – Who was he?

  • Priest

  • Living during Babylonian exile

  • Intense personality

  • Religious Regulations

  • 48 Chapters

  • Warning – Despair - Renewal


Opening
Opening

  • Ezekiel’s Vision

  • Creatures? Cherbuin Angels?

  • Glory of God


Return after captivity
Return After Captivity

  • God will return the promise land

  • Heart of Stone

  • Heart of Flesh


Everlasting covenant
Everlasting Covenant

  • What about Previous covenants?

  • People kept turning away in sin

  • Ultimate covenant that removes all guilt and shame


Valley of the dead
Valley of the Dead

  • All those who have died (Cut off from God and life)

  • God will give new life

  • Eternal life

  • Foreshadowing of Christ, and ultimatly, all of our fates


Daniel who was he
Daniel – Who was he?

  • Contemporary of Ezekiel

  • Carried off to Babylon

  • Advisor in the royal court

  • Called Daniel, because it is about Daniel, not written by Daniel though


Structure
Structure

  • Introduction

  • 2 main parts

  • Daniel’s life in Babylonian politics

  • Daniel’s prophetic visions


Life in the babylonian royal court
Life in the Babylonian Royal Court

  • Refuses to eat unholy food

  • Interprets dreams

  • Refuses to worship false idols

  • Burning furnance

  • Not afraid to speak his mind

  • Feast of Belshazzar

  • Lion’s Den


Daniel s visions
Daniel’s Visions

  • Chapter 7

  • Four beasts

  • Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome

  • 7:7 the fourth and worst beast

  • God’s kingdom established


Vision in daniel 8
Vision in Daniel 8

  • Ram and Goat charging

  • Interpreted by Gabriel

  • Greece and Persia

  • From Greece, will come a great ruler

  • Alexander the Great?


Apocalyptic literature
Apocalyptic Literature

  • Eschatology

  • Increasing corruption

  • Resurrection of the dead

  • St. Michael, defender of Israel

  • Need to purify ourselves

  • 12:13 – not everyone will turn to God


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