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It is an identifying integrated circuit placed under the skin of an animal. The chips are about the size of a lager grain of rice and are based on a passive RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology
Where is it placed in the animal?
The microchip is placed anywhere on the animal right under the skin.
It is sealed in biocompatible glass covered by a sheath to prevent migration.
How it is Implanted
The most common method in cattle is the use of RFID ear tags.
The different types of tags:
No internal power supply
Instead there is a small electric current is created in the antenna when an incoming signal reaches it
Provides enough power to briefly activate the tag usually just long enough to relay the ID number or product name.
Activated from a distance of ten millimeters to over 6 meters away.
Can be smaller then the other tags and thinner than paper.
Contain an internal power source
Allows for a longer read-range and for a bigger memory on the tag
Power source also makes it possible to store information sent by the transceiver
They are slightly bigger than a coin
Can be read from many meters away, and generally have a battery life of about ten years
Different Brands and the Prices to use Microchips or RFID Tags
AllflexFDX EID Ear Tag – Cattle - 20/package
Allflex USDA HDX EID Tag - 20/Bag
DTR® 4 Universal Reader
Will read both FDX and
HDX ID tags.
Allflex Compact Reader
Just compatible to the Allflex
SmartChip 15 Digit Microchip
Price= $20.00 each
Identification + Temperature
Destron Universal Microchip Reader
Uses of Microchips
To track lost or stolen cattle
To Help in different studies on cattle
Help detect when heifers or cows are in heat
Records the temperature of the cattle
It can help identify where a cattle are originally from to track different diseases or illegal antibiotics were use before going to the slaughter house.
With the different brands of the microchips or the RFID tags there is a certain computer or device that has to read them. They do not all use the same program
The Microchips may move and the RFID tags could fall out of the cattle’s ear.
Can track all of your cattle
When sorting you can have more than one chip read at a time.
Can speed up checking in or out cattle at a feedyard or sale barn
You will be able to better manage your heard
Have the satisfaction of knowing exactly when to AI the heifers and cows.
When buying different cattle you will be able to check and make sure they are not bring any unwanted dieses to your farm.
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