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AAWC Pressure Ulcer Guideline. Content Validated, Evidence Based “Guideline of Pressure Ulcer Guidelines”. Fonts Used in This PPT and in the AAWC PU Guideline Checklist. Recommendations in bold font are Ready to Implement : A-level evidence support + Content validity index (CVI) > 0.75

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Aawc pressure ulcer guideline

AAWC Pressure Ulcer Guideline

Content Validated, Evidence Based “Guideline of Pressure Ulcer Guidelines”


Fonts used in this ppt and in the aawc pu guideline checklist
Fonts Used in This PPT and in the AAWC PU Guideline Checklist

  • Recommendations in bold font are

    • Ready to Implement :

      • A-level evidence support

      • + Content validity index (CVI)>0.75

  • Recommendations in bold italics

    • Need more Education

      • Content validity index (CVI) <0.75 (Raters say not relevant to PU)

      • A-level evidence support

  • Recommendations in normal font

    • Need more research to be considered evidence-based , but have a CVI of at least 0.75,

    • i.e. 75% of independent raters or more believed this recommendation was clinically relevant for PU practice.


Using the aawc pressure ulcer guidelines to prevent manage pressure ulcers
Using the AAWC Pressure Ulcer Guidelines to Prevent/Manage Pressure Ulcers

  • Assess and document patient’s skin

  • Prevent pressure ulcers (PU) as feasible.

    • Focusing on those at risk of developing a PU

  • Treat patient and PU to heal as feasible


Pressure ulcer management
Pressure Ulcer Management Pressure Ulcers

If feasible manage with a multidisciplinary wound care team or appropriate consults as needed by the individual receiving care.


Assess the patient s skin
Assess the Patient’s Skin Pressure Ulcers

  • Trained staff regularly assess skin sites at risk

    • By 72 hours after admission or per setting protocol

    • Usually weekly and on change in patient status

      Pay special attention to more darkly pigmented skin.

  • Document and plan care to address skin changes.

  • Assess skin areas where devices may cause pressure, e.g. splints, casts, tubes as feasible.


Evaluate and document patient medical surgical history
Evaluate and document patient medical/surgical history Pressure Ulcers

  • Physical Exam

    • Include whole-body visual and tactile skin inspection within 72 h after admission identifying PUpresent on admission

  • Psychosocial condition

  • Environment

  • Goals, including quality of life

  • PU risk using clinical judgment+ reliable, valid scale:

    • Braden, Norton, Waterlow +

  • Assess other validated risk factors:

    • Body mass index (BMI) extremes

    • Diabetes

    • Extremes of age


Document progress
Document Progress Pressure Ulcers

  • Document pressure ulcer progress weekly

    • using reliable, valid measures, e.g.

      • length x width to estimate area.

      • Partial- or full-thickness depth assessment

  • Ensure formal assessments are accessible to members of multidisciplinary team


Pressure Ulcer Prevention Pressure UlcersAddress all patient PU risk factors identified1. Limited mobility, activity, cognition, sensation

  • Redistribute pressure every 4 hr or as indicated/feasible

  • Properly trained staff select and use indicated pressure redistribution devices for beds, chairs and wheelchairs that meet psychological, social, anatomic and physiologic needs for those at PU risk, if appropriate for patient.

  • Use patient-appropriate positioning standards of care per institution protocol.

  • Implement appropriate exercise program as needed/feasible

  • Consistently train patient and care providers on PU prevention and treatment as appropriate and feasible


Pressure ulcer prevention address all patient pu risk factors identified
Pressure Ulcer Prevention Pressure Ulcers Address all patient PU risk factors identified

  • Manage skin moisture:

  • Protect skin from excess moisture with barrier

  • Wick excess fluid away from skin

    • Patient-appropriate incontinence plan and skin-fold management if needed and feasible

    • Clean and gently dry skin after incontinence episodes


Pressure ulcer prevention address all patient pu risk factors identified1
Pressure Ulcer Prevention Pressure Ulcers Address all patient PU risk factors identified

  • Nutrition, circulation, infection:

  • Consult(s) as needed to identify/reduce PU risk

  • Consistent with patient and family goals and consult advice, restore, maintain good:

    • Hydration

    • Nutrition

    • Circulation

    • Infection control


Pressure ulcer prevention
Pressure Ulcer Prevention Pressure Ulcers

  • Protect skin

  • from chemical or physical pressure or trauma

    • Special attention on transfers and

    • To splints, casts, tubes

    • Avoid vigorous massage

    • Moisturize dry skin to prevent cracking

  • Protect skin from excess moisture and heat

    • Attend to areas affected by incontinence or perspiration, and skin folds in bariatric patients


Treat patient and pressure ulcer pu to optimize healing as feasible
Treat Pressure UlcersPatient and Pressure Ulcer (PU) To Optimize Healing as Feasible

  • Continue or implement appropriate measures to prevent PU

  • Select and use appropriate effective pressure redistribution product(s) as feasible

    • For use on pressure sites for individuals with a PU

    • To avoid positioning directly on PU when on bed or wheel chair surface, e.g. use cushions


Treat patient and pressure ulcer pu to optimize healing
Treat Patient and Pressure Ulcer (PU) To Optimize Healing Pressure Ulcers

  • Manage local and systemic factors per institutional protocols and to meet patient and family needs and goals as feasible

    Nutrition

    • Circulation

    • Infection

    • Other, such as neuromuscular spasticity, contractures

  • Cleanse PU with water or saline or non-toxic cleanser at 4-15 psi

  • Debride nonviable tissue

     autolyticallysurgically enzyme

  • Evaluate PU at each dressing change for signs and symptoms of clinical infection


Treat patient and pressure ulcer pu to optimize healing1
Treat Patient and Pressure Ulcer (PU) To Optimize Healing Pressure Ulcers

  • Dress/treat PU to maintain a moist environment, protect PU and local skin from friction, shear, pressure, trauma, irritation and excess exudate (e.g. fiber, foam or hydrocolloid dressings)

  • Manage PU-related pain to meet patient needs.

  • Identify and address all nutrient deficiencies.

  • 4 weeks: no PU area ,

    • Re-evaluate and improve care plan

    • Consider adjunct therapy such as electrical stimulation


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