building good governance and resilience in small states
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Building Good Governance and Resilience in Small States. Paul Sutton. Proposition. ‘ Nurtured resilience’ result of policy at heart pf policy is ‘good governance’. Paper in Five parts. Paper in Five parts concept of good governance overview of good governance in small states

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Presentation Transcript
proposition
Proposition

‘ Nurtured resilience’ result of policy

at heart pf policy is ‘good governance’

paper in five parts
Paper in Five parts

Paper in Five parts

  • concept of good governance
  • overview of good governance in small states
  • two areas to improve governance
  • building more effective government
  • securing better regulation
  • -resilence and good governance
  • -concluding comments
concept of good governance
Concept of Good Governance
  • -good governance as a contested concept
  • -good governance as a process and activity
  • -good governance as a complex activity (ODI Framework)
  • 6 functional areas on one axis
  • (civil society, political society, government, bureaucracy, economic society, judicial society)
  • 6 basic principles on other
    • (participation, decency, fairness, accountability, transparency and efficiency)
  • 36 cell framework
  • -existing realities of each state/region as starting point
overview of good governance in small states
Overview of Good Governance in Small States
  • World Bank Indicators
  • Voice and Accountability
  • Political instability and Violence
  • Government Effectiveness
  • Regulatory Burden
  • Rule of Law
  • Control of Corruption
record on governance
Record on Governance
  • Data listed for 44/48 states (2004) population 1.5 million or less
  • Dividing line those above and below world average
  • Good Record of Governance
  • 27 above average (Europe, Asia, Caribbean)
  • 14 below average (Africa)
  • 3 middling (2 in Pacific)
  • Dividing by Quartiles
  • smaller the state the better the record
  • Per capita income
  • high per capita income not necessarily related to good governance
  • overall suggests region matters and size matters
on individual indicators
On Individual Indicators
  • Voice and Accountability
  • 34 plus and 14 negative
  • pays to be smaller
  • Political Instability and Violence
  • 38 plus and 10 negative
  • pays to be smaller
  • Governmental Effectiveness
  • 26 plus and 22 negative
  • evenly spread
  • Regulatory Burden
  • 25 plus and 17 negative
  • smaller better
  • Rule of Law
  • 31 plus and 17 negative
  • very small is better
  • Control of Corruption
  • 28 plus and 16 negative
  • very small size no difference
  • Areas where small states are weakest
  • Government Effectiveness and Regulatory Burden
  • 300-400,000 and below appears better
toward more effective governament
Toward more Effective Governament
  • Improving the Public Sector
  • 4 features shaping public sector
    • (exaggerated personalism, limited resources, inadequate service delivery, high donor dependence)
    • not recognised in much development literature
    • Scale not addressed in public sector reform
encouraging the private sector
Encouraging the Private Sector
  • Competition policy
  • Policies difficult to put in place
  • High cost of doing business
  • Firm scale factors (nano-firms)
  • Regulatory policy
  • Meeting high external demands (OFCs)
  • Technical complexities of home regimes
  • Regional – but how to measure?
resilience and good governance
Resilience and Good Governance
  • Where to begin given complexity and lack of research
  • Does size really matter?
  • Democracy and size related
  • But regime choice?
    • Little change since independence and not toward a specific type of regime
    • Most parliamentary so should parliamentary regimes be encouraged?
concluding comments
Concluding Comments
  • Lots of assumptions and lots of generalisations but few robust conclusions
  • In governance sphere still need to demonstrate small states are different (degree or kind)
  • Need an analytic policy directed work programme – role for Commonwealth Secretariat
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