Evaluating Safety Management Systems
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Evaluating Safety Management Systems. Workshop Goals 1. Gain a better understanding of safety and health programs as systems. 2. Learn about a systematic approach to evaluating and improving your company’s safety and health program.

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Evaluating safety management systems

Evaluating Safety Management Systems


Evaluating safety management systems

  • Workshop Goals

  • 1. Gain a better understanding of safety and health programs as systems.

  • 2. Learn about a systematic approach to evaluating and improving your company’s safety and health program.

  • 3. Better understand OSHA’s Safety and Health Achievement Program (SHARP) and the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP-STAR).


  • Evaluating safety management systems

    Trainer Name

    Position

    Company

    Phone

    Email

    (Revise as needed)


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Form Evaluation Teams

    Introductions!

    Elect a Team Leader

    Select a Team Spokesperson

    Everyone is a Team Recorder


    Evaluating safety management systems

    A tale of two cultures


    Evaluating safety management systems

    You’re a safety management consultant …

    If both companies have virtually the same safety plan sitting on a shelf, why are the outcomes so different?


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Every system contains structure, inputs, processes and outputs

    Structure


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Inputs - Resources from other management systems

    Processes - Using available resources

    Outputs - Conditions, Behaviors, Results


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Where does the safety committee look to determine the effectiveness of the safety management system?


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Helping Create a Culture of Consequences

    We do what we do because of consequences!


    Evaluating safety management systems

    How does the principle below apply to the scenario?

    “Every system is designed perfectly to produce what it’s producing”


    Evaluating safety management systems

    What does it mean?

    “Every system is designed perfectly to produce what it produces”


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Without proper “nutrition,” systems may get sick

    It’s important to implement an effective system wellness plan

    Circle the system component that gives the most clues about its health.

    Inputs Processes Outputs


    Evaluating safety management systems

    What are symptoms of an ailing system?


    Evaluating safety management systems

    How do we usually treat those symptoms?


    Evaluating safety management systems

    What are the underlying causes of an ailing system?


    Evaluating safety management systems

    What is required to bring about a system cure?


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Using the Failure Matrix to Evaluate the Safety Management System


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Analyze this! Determine the failure mode for the scenario below


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Bob, a maintenance worker who has been working for the company for 10 years, received a serious electrical shock while working on a conveyor belt motor. When asked why he did not use the company’s established lockout/tagout procedures he acknowledged that he had thought about it, but that the “old procedures” hadn’t been used for years, and he had done this same task many times before. And, besides, the production manager yelled at him to get the conveyor running again or it’s his job because the whole system was shut down.

    Failure mode __________

    Justification


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Diagnose the underlying cause to determine the cure.

      • … we must diagnose and eliminate underlying causes..


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Determine where we are now - analyze!

      • What does our safety management system look like now?

      • Closely examine the outputs of the safety management system.


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Determine best policies and practices for your industry - visualize!

      • What do we want our safety system to look like?

      • Research best practices.


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Evaluate the system for strengths and weaknesses - scrutinize!

      • What cultural values are supportive - non-supportive?

      • What system components are adequate? inadequate?

      • Rate the current system against best practices.


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Implement proactive changes to improve the system - actualize!

      • What forces are promoting or resisting change?

      • Develop an action plan to transform the system.

      • Use Deming’s Plan-Do-Study-Act process.


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Evaluating Your Company's Safety Management System

    This exercise will help us compare and contrast safety management system processes in each of the seven elements of the OSHA Safety Management System Model


    Evaluating safety management systems

    The OR-OSHA Model:

    Seven Elements of a Safety Management System

    • Management Commitment

    • Labor and Management Accountability

    • Employee Involvement

    • Hazard Identification and Control

    • Incident/Accident Investigation

    • Education and Training

    • Periodic Program Review


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Safety Management System Evaluation Audit

    • Step one. Analyze indicators within each of the following five categories to more accurately determine the rating.

      • Standards

      • Conditions

      • Behaviors, actions

      • Knowledge, attitudes

      • Results


    Evaluating safety management systems

    • Step two. Enter your rating score to the left of each statement.

    • Use the following guidelines for your rating.

      • 5 - Fully Met

      • 3 - Mostly Met

      • 1 - Partially Met

      • 0 - Not Present


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Step 3. Enter the score at the end of each section.

    Step 4.Enter clarifying comments in the comments if desired.


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Step 5.Total all section scores to arrive at your final SCORE. If you would like more information, click on the links in the "Other Sources of Information" at the end of the evaluation.


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Be prepared to present your evaluation to the class!


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 1 - MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 2 - LABOR AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTABILITY


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 3 - EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 4 - HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 5 - INCIDENT/ACCIDENT

    INVESTIGATION


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 6 - EDUCATION AND TRAINING


    Evaluating safety management systems

    ELEMENT 7 - PERIODIC PROGRAM REVIEW


    Evaluating safety management systems

    The Deming Cycle

    PLAN

    DO

    ACT

    STUDY


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Step 1: Plan – Design the change or test

    Step 2: Do - Carry out the change or test

    Step 3: Study – Examine the effects or results of the change or test

    Step 4: Act – Adopt, abandon, or repeat the cycle


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP)


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) - STAR


    Evaluating safety management systems

    Let's Review!


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