Evaluating Safety Management Systems
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Evaluating Safety Management Systems. Workshop Goals 1. Gain a better understanding of safety and health programs as systems. 2. Learn about a systematic approach to evaluating and improving your company’s safety and health program.

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Evaluating Safety Management Systems

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Evaluating Safety Management Systems


  • Workshop Goals

  • 1. Gain a better understanding of safety and health programs as systems.

  • 2. Learn about a systematic approach to evaluating and improving your company’s safety and health program.

  • 3. Better understand OSHA’s Safety and Health Achievement Program (SHARP) and the Voluntary Protection Program (VPP-STAR).


  • Trainer Name

    Position

    Company

    Phone

    Email

    (Revise as needed)


    Form Evaluation Teams

    Introductions!

    Elect a Team Leader

    Select a Team Spokesperson

    Everyone is a Team Recorder


    A tale of two cultures


    You’re a safety management consultant …

    If both companies have virtually the same safety plan sitting on a shelf, why are the outcomes so different?


    Every system contains structure, inputs, processes and outputs

    Structure


    Inputs - Resources from other management systems

    Processes - Using available resources

    Outputs - Conditions, Behaviors, Results


    Where does the safety committee look to determine the effectiveness of the safety management system?


    • Helping Create a Culture of Consequences

    We do what we do because of consequences!


    How does the principle below apply to the scenario?

    “Every system is designed perfectly to produce what it’s producing”


    What does it mean?

    “Every system is designed perfectly to produce what it produces”


    Without proper “nutrition,” systems may get sick

    It’s important to implement an effective system wellness plan

    Circle the system component that gives the most clues about its health.

    Inputs Processes Outputs


    What are symptoms of an ailing system?


    How do we usually treat those symptoms?


    What are the underlying causes of an ailing system?


    What is required to bring about a system cure?


    Using the Failure Matrix to Evaluate the Safety Management System


    Analyze this! Determine the failure mode for the scenario below


    Bob, a maintenance worker who has been working for the company for 10 years, received a serious electrical shock while working on a conveyor belt motor. When asked why he did not use the company’s established lockout/tagout procedures he acknowledged that he had thought about it, but that the “old procedures” hadn’t been used for years, and he had done this same task many times before. And, besides, the production manager yelled at him to get the conveyor running again or it’s his job because the whole system was shut down.

    Failure mode __________

    Justification


    • Diagnose the underlying cause to determine the cure.

      • … we must diagnose and eliminate underlying causes..


    • Determine where we are now - analyze!

      • What does our safety management system look like now?

      • Closely examine the outputs of the safety management system.


    • Determine best policies and practices for your industry - visualize!

      • What do we want our safety system to look like?

      • Research best practices.


    • Evaluate the system for strengths and weaknesses - scrutinize!

      • What cultural values are supportive - non-supportive?

      • What system components are adequate? inadequate?

      • Rate the current system against best practices.


    • Implement proactive changes to improve the system - actualize!

      • What forces are promoting or resisting change?

      • Develop an action plan to transform the system.

      • Use Deming’s Plan-Do-Study-Act process.


    Evaluating Your Company's Safety Management System

    This exercise will help us compare and contrast safety management system processes in each of the seven elements of the OSHA Safety Management System Model


    The OR-OSHA Model:

    Seven Elements of a Safety Management System

    • Management Commitment

    • Labor and Management Accountability

    • Employee Involvement

    • Hazard Identification and Control

    • Incident/Accident Investigation

    • Education and Training

    • Periodic Program Review


    • Safety Management System Evaluation Audit

    • Step one. Analyze indicators within each of the following five categories to more accurately determine the rating.

      • Standards

      • Conditions

      • Behaviors, actions

      • Knowledge, attitudes

      • Results


    • Step two. Enter your rating score to the left of each statement.

    • Use the following guidelines for your rating.

      • 5 - Fully Met

      • 3 - Mostly Met

      • 1 - Partially Met

      • 0 - Not Present


    Step 3. Enter the score at the end of each section.

    Step 4.Enter clarifying comments in the comments if desired.


    Step 5.Total all section scores to arrive at your final SCORE. If you would like more information, click on the links in the "Other Sources of Information" at the end of the evaluation.


    Be prepared to present your evaluation to the class!


    ELEMENT 1 - MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT


    ELEMENT 2 - LABOR AND MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTABILITY


    ELEMENT 3 - EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT


    ELEMENT 4 - HAZARD IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL


    ELEMENT 5 - INCIDENT/ACCIDENT

    INVESTIGATION


    ELEMENT 6 - EDUCATION AND TRAINING


    ELEMENT 7 - PERIODIC PROGRAM REVIEW


    The Deming Cycle

    PLAN

    DO

    ACT

    STUDY


    Step 1: Plan – Design the change or test

    Step 2: Do - Carry out the change or test

    Step 3: Study – Examine the effects or results of the change or test

    Step 4: Act – Adopt, abandon, or repeat the cycle


    Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP)


    Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) - STAR


    Let's Review!


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