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The Era of Good Feelings. Balancing Nationalism & Sectionalism. The Story of Eli Whitney . Creates technology that makes it possible use interchangeable parts. Before- 300 guns per year. After -2000 guns per year. Section 1: Regional Economies Create Differences.

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Balancing Nationalism & Sectionalism

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Balancing nationalism sectionalism

The Era of

Good Feelings

Balancing

Nationalism & Sectionalism


The story of eli whitney

The Story of Eli Whitney

  • Creates technology that makes it possible use interchangeable parts.

  • Before- 300 guns per year.

  • After -2000 guns per year.


Section 1 regional economies create differences

Section 1: Regional Economies Create Differences

The Factory System & Mass Production

The American Industrial Revolution

Social and Economic changes in

The U.S.

...


So how did the industrial revolution happen in america

So How Did the Industrial RevolutionHappen in America

England

Industrialized

The Embargo

Act of 1807

War of 1812

The

American

Industrial

Revolution

Americans invest

in their own factories

rather than English.


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Economic Systems

Develop


The north

The North

  • New England industrialized

  • Most farms were small, family run.

  • In the Northwest they grew grains and livestock which needed no slaves.


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Sectionalism: Northern Leaders

Daniel Webster, Massachusetts

J.Q. Adams, Massachusetts

Martin Van Buren, New York


The south

The South

  • The Cotton gin makes cotton profitable.

  • Plantation owners bought more land and slaves to increase profits.

  • 1820: LA, MS, AL are “the Cotton Kingdom”

  • Slavery expanded from 700,000 to 1,200,000.


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Sectionalism: Southern Leaders

  • John C. Calhoun, South Carolina

  • William Crawford, Georgia


The west

The West


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Sectionalism:

Western Leaders

  • Andrew Jackson, Tennessee

  • William Henry Harrison, Indiana

  • Henry Clay, Kentucky

  • Thomas Hart Benton , Missouri


The american system nationalistic economic program

Henry Clay Speaker of the House

Tariff of 1816

Second bank of the US 1816-1836

Internal improvements at the federal expense

The American System, Nationalistic Economic Program


The american system nationalistic economic program1

The American System, Nationalistic Economic Program

  • Henry Clay (1777 - 1852)

  • US Senatorfrom Kentucky

  • Speaker of the US House of Representatives(Kentucky)

  • Secretary of State under John Quincy Adams

  • Perennial Presidential Loser

    • Lost to President John Quincy Adams in 1824,

    • Lost to President Andrew Jackson in 1832

    • Lost to President James K. Polk in 1844


Clay s american system

Proposed to help America stronger and to unite the regions.

3 steps:

Develop Transportation

Create a protective tariff

Resurrect the National Bank

Transportation:

Erie Canal

The National Road

Tariff of 1816

Cheap British goods

Tariff raises their prices.

Not as popular in the South

National Bank

Supported by all sides to improve the economy.

Clay’s American System


The national cumberland road

The National [Cumberland] Road


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

The Era

of

Good Feelings


Section 2

Section 2:

  • Gibbons v. Ogden

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Fletcher v. Peck

  • Dartmouth v. Woodward

What were they?

Why are they important?


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Gibbons v. Ogden

Aaron Ogden

Thomas

Gibbons


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Mc Culloch v Maryland

  • What was it? A challenge of the U.S. Bank by the State of Maryland

  • Who was it between? The State of Maryland and the U.S. Government

  • What did it concern? The right of the U.S. Bank to “exist”

  • What was the outcome? The U.S. Government is Supreme


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

-Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States (BUS) was in questionBank not SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the Constitution“The power to tax is the power to destroy”

Mc Culloch v Maryland


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

  • What was it? An attempt by the State of New Hampshire to make Dartmouth College “public”.

  • Who was it between? The State of New Hampshire ( rep. by the Sec’y of the NEW Bd. Of Trustees) and the Board of Trustees of the Dartmouth College

  • What did it concern? Contract Law

  • What was the outcome? Contracts cannot be overturned by outside parties – Contract Clause


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Fletcher v. Peck

  • What was it? : One of the first cases where the Supreme court overturned a state law.

  • Who was it between? : Two private citizens

  • What did it concern? : Georgia sold land (Peck). Later when corruption was discovered, they overturned the sale. Fletcher bought land from Peck and sued.

  • What was the outcome? : The Supreme court said that the state had no right to overturn the sale.


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

  • New Hampshire wanted to alter Dartmouth Charter from private to public college

  • Ruled that states could not alter contracts, regardless of age or condition of when contract was made

  • Created the need to place clauses in contracts for revision or revocation


Nationalism shapes foreign policy

Nationalism Shapes Foreign Policy

  • John Q. Adams ( Secretary of State) had very nationalistic policies.

    • Adams-Onis Treaty

    • Convention of 1818

    • Rush-Bagot Treaty

    • Monroe Doctrine


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Adams-Onis Treaty


Adams onis treaty 1817 1819

Adams – Onis Treaty 1817-1819

  • What was it? Transfer of Florida

  • Who was it between? Spain and the U.S.

  • What did it concern? Seminole Indians

  • What was the outcome? The U.S got Florida


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

The Adams-Onis Treaty 1819 “The Transcontinental Treaty”


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Rush-Bagot Treaty


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Rush-Bagot Treaty 1817

What was it?:Disarmament Pact

Who was it between?:Great Britain and the U.S.

What did it concern?: The Great Lakes Region

What was the outcome?:Created the Longest unfortified/peaceful border in the world


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Convention of 1818


Convention of 1818

Convention of 1818

  • What was it? Further improved relations between the U.S. and Great Britain

  • Who was it between? U.S. & Great Britain

  • What did it concern?

    • 1. Fishing Rights

    • 2. Joint occupation of the Oregon Country

    • 3. Set boundary at the 49th Parallel

  • What was the outcome? Great Peace between the U.S. and Great Britain


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

The Convention of 1818


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

The West and N.W. 1816-1824


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

Convention of 1818

Rush-Bagot Treaty

Adams-Onis Treaty


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

US Population Density

1810

1820


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

The Election


The monroe doctrine

The Monroe Doctrine

  • What was it? A unilateral decree that the U.S. had the right to REFUSE European expansion into the Western Hemisphere

  • Who was it between? The U.S. & Europe

  • What did it concern? Further European Imperialism

  • What was the outcome? European nations NEVER violated it


Missouri compromise 1820

Missouri Compromise 1820

  • What was it? A dilemma over admission of Missouri ( a slave state) when there was no Free-State available.

  • Who was it between? Northern and Southern factions in Congress

  • What did it concern? Maintaining the balance between Slave and Free States

  • What was the outcome? The “balance” is maintained


The missouri compromise

The Missouri Compromise

  • Before 1818 there were 10 slave and 10 free states.

    • Illinois would have made it 11 Free and 10 slave.

    • Why even care?

    • Alabama was admitted to keep the balance.

  • Missouri was ready for admission… led to fighting.

    • Compromise gave Maine (Free) and Missouri (Slave) statehood.

    • Drew a line (36’ 30). Lands north (Free) Lands south (Slave).

  • This solved the issue for the next 20 years.

Picture!


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

"This momentous question, like a fire-bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the death knell of the Union ... my only consolation is to be, that I live not to weep over it."

Thomas Jefferson


Balancing nationalism sectionalism

  • Era of Good Feelings

  • Eli Whitney, Mass Production, Cotton Gin

  • The American Industrial Revolution

  • Economic system in the North

  • Economic system in the South

  • The American System

  • Gibbons v. Ogden

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Fletcher v. Peck

  • Dartmouth v. Woodward

  • Adams-Onis Treaty

  • Convention of 1818

  • Rush-Bagot Treaty

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • Missouri Compromise


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