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Unit 9 Test Review

- The test will consist of 25 multiple choice questions. Please bring a calculator and a #2 pencil.
- Formulas and constants will be provided. A periodic table will be provided.
- Identify and apply the quantum numbers
- Principal quantum number – 7 main energy levels…
- Orbital quantum number – shape of area where electron travels
- s – sphere
- p – peanut
- d – double peanut
- f – flower
- Magnetic quantum number – gives orientation of shape
- s - 1 orbital, 2 electrons
- p - 3 orbitals, 6 electrons
- d - 5 orbitals, 10 electrons
- f - (7 orbitals, 14 electrons)
- Spin quantum number – clockwise and counterclockwise
- Main energy sublevels:
- Energy level 1 – s
- Energy level 2 – s and p
- Energy level 3 – s, p, and d
- Energy level 4-7 – s, p, d, f
- Aufbau principle – electrons enter lowest energy level first
- Pauli exclusion principle – no 2 electrons within an atom can have the same 4 quantum numbers; 2 electrons within an orbital must have opposite spin numbers
- Hund’s rule – electrons will fill each orbital singularly… and then fill the orbitals completely…(movie theater rule)

- Compare and contrast the quantum mechanical model to the Bohr and previous models
- Write and read ground state electron configurations
- Write and read shorthand electron configurations
- Determine the number of valence electrons from a given electron configuration
- Read and write proper orbital notations
- Differentiate between the types of electromagnetic radiation
- Demonstrate understanding of wave mechanics model
- Explain the concept of light…how is it emitted???
- Complete calculations that involve wavelength, frequency, and the speed of light
- Complete calculations that involve energy, frequency, and Planck\'s constant
- Apply the concept of valence electrons to Lewis dot structures, electron configuration, and orbital notation
- Differentiate between proper Lewis dot structures
- Define and apply the periodic trends:
- Atomic radii
- Electronegativity
- First Ionization energy
- Metallic character
- In order to be successful during this test, we highly recommend that you know how to read and use the periodic table

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