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Absolutism in the East!. Russia. Analyze the PERSIAGM characteristics of Absolutism in Russia, Prussia & Austria in the Age of Absolutism Compare & Contrast Absolutism between Western and Eastern Europe. Prussia. Austria. 1. Eastern European Society.

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slide1

Absolutism

in the East!

Russia

  • Analyze the PERSIAGM characteristics of Absolutism in Russia, Prussia & Austria in the Age of Absolutism
  • Compare & Contrast Absolutism between Western and Eastern Europe

Prussia

Austria

slide2

1. Eastern

European

Society

  • What system is still firmly entrenched in the East?
  • Class Pyramid? 
  • Why is there this dichotomy between West and East?
slide3

Brandenburg Prussia

  • What is the reason why an absolute state will be created here?
  • What problems exist? 
slide4

“The Great Elector”

  • Will strengthen Prussia (?)
    • Follows mercantilism 
    • Build up the military!!
      • 40K army in 1678
      • 50% of budget!! $$$ (hmmm)
    • Deal with…
      • What does Frederick get?
        • Less opposition from Junkers (PERSIAGM?)
      • What do the Junkers get?
        • Gov Positions, Top Military Positions, Tax Exempt
      • What was preserved?
        • Serfdom
      • What kind of state is created?

Frederick

William of

Hohenzollern

Junkers

slide5

Other policies in ↓

  • Principles of obedience, honor and service to the King…(?)
slide6

Frederick William I

  • “Sergeant King”
  • Increases absolutism
  • 1713-1740
  • Junkers had power w/him
    • “General Directory” = Obedience, Honor, Service to the King
  • Efficient bureaucracy
  • Army now up to 80K (4th!!!)
    • “Prussia was not country with an army, but an army with a country”
    • How do you accomplish this?
  • Class System?
slide8

Austria

  • Like Prussia, it is impacted by…
  • How does it do during this time?
  • What problems does it encounter?

1700

slide9

Emperor

Leopold I

  • 1658-1705
  • What problems does he have with his empire?
  • His Solution too??
    • Increase the size and power of the military
    • Take control of the nobility…offer them…
slide10

Austria in

the 1600s

Problems

w/ its size?

slide13

When people

think of Russia

slide14

Power in Russia

belonged to…

  • Czar (Tsar)
    • Means?
    • First one is Ivan IV (AKA)
  • Ivan’s Contributions
    • Increase Power of Russia (beats who?)
    • Conquered Siberia and united Russia
    • How did he look to the west?

The Terrible

slide15

Time of

Troubles

  • 1584-1613
  • Chaotic period where political control was uncertain
  • Poland-Lithuania fights back vs Russia
  • 1613, Michael  Romanov (1613-1645) crowned Czar
    • Starts a long dynasty
slide16

Peter the Great

  • Skinny 6’8, crude, murderer
  • Rules Russia from 1682-1725
  • Goals for Russia? (3)
    • Westernize Russia
    • Expand Czar’s Power
    • Expand Russia’s Power on the world stage
slide17

Peter the Great’s

Journey West…

  • 1682, becomes czar
  • 1697, goes west for 18 months…(why?)
    • Hears about advancements (which ones?) in western Europe & and wants to see it
    • Needs to form alliance against Ottoman Empire
  • Travels in disguise with delegates
  • Walks streets and learns Western culture and military
  • Returns and gets to work!!
slide18

Westernization Impact?

  • How many people  benefitted from them?
  • What were the advancements?
    • Women’s rights
    • Calendar, numerals etc
    • Education and technology
      • Academy of Sciences…made what?
      • Recruits talent to Russia 
    • Culture? Advisors? 
slide19

Peter’s

Biggest

Impact?

  • Increases his power in Russia (?)
    • Russian Orthodox Church?
    • His son?
    • Nobility?
      • Table of Ranks – 1772
    • Peasants? /
  • Military!!!!
    • 200,000 men
    • Inspired by the Dutch to create…
    • Technology in Schools…

Navy

TAXES!!!!

slide20

Who does Peter Fight?

  • What is gained? Why does Peter want it?
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