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Absolutism in the East!. Russia. Analyze the PERSIAGM characteristics of Absolutism in Russia, Prussia & Austria in the Age of Absolutism Compare & Contrast Absolutism between Western and Eastern Europe. Prussia. Austria. 1. Eastern European Society.

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Prussia

Absolutism

in the East!

Russia

  • Analyze the PERSIAGM characteristics of Absolutism in Russia, Prussia & Austria in the Age of Absolutism

  • Compare & Contrast Absolutism between Western and Eastern Europe

Prussia

Austria


Prussia

1. Eastern

European

Society

  • What system is still firmly entrenched in the East?

  • Class Pyramid? 

  • Why is there this dichotomy between West and East?


Prussia

Brandenburg Prussia

  • What is the reason why an absolute state will be created here?

  • What problems exist? 


Prussia

  • “The Great Elector”

  • Will strengthen Prussia (?)

    • Follows mercantilism 

    • Build up the military!!

      • 40K army in 1678

      • 50% of budget!! $$$ (hmmm)

    • Deal with…

      • What does Frederick get?

        • Less opposition from Junkers (PERSIAGM?)

      • What do the Junkers get?

        • Gov Positions, Top Military Positions, Tax Exempt

      • What was preserved?

        • Serfdom

      • What kind of state is created?

Frederick

William of

Hohenzollern

Junkers


Prussia

Other policies in ↓

  • Principles of obedience, honor and service to the King…(?)


Prussia

Frederick William I

  • “Sergeant King”

  • Increases absolutism

  • 1713-1740

  • Junkers had power w/him

    • “General Directory” = Obedience, Honor, Service to the King

  • Efficient bureaucracy

  • Army now up to 80K (4th!!!)

    • “Prussia was not country with an army, but an army with a country”

    • How do you accomplish this?

  • Class System?


Prussia

Austria

1600


Prussia

Austria

  • Like Prussia, it is impacted by…

  • How does it do during this time?

  • What problems does it encounter?

1700


Prussia

Emperor

Leopold I

  • 1658-1705

  • What problems does he have with his empire?

  • His Solution too??

    • Increase the size and power of the military

    • Take control of the nobility…offer them…


Prussia

Austria in

the 1600s

Problems

w/ its size?


Prussia

1600


Prussia

1700


Prussia

When people

think of Russia


Prussia

Power in Russia

belonged to…

  • Czar (Tsar)

    • Means?

    • First one is Ivan IV (AKA)

  • Ivan’s Contributions

    • Increase Power of Russia (beats who?)

    • Conquered Siberia and united Russia

    • How did he look to the west?

The Terrible


Prussia

Time of

Troubles

  • 1584-1613

  • Chaotic period where political control was uncertain

  • Poland-Lithuania fights back vs Russia

  • 1613, Michael  Romanov (1613-1645) crowned Czar

    • Starts a long dynasty


Prussia

Peter the Great

  • Skinny 6’8, crude, murderer

  • Rules Russia from 1682-1725

  • Goals for Russia? (3)

    • Westernize Russia

    • Expand Czar’s Power

    • Expand Russia’s Power on the world stage


Prussia

Peter the Great’s

Journey West…

  • 1682, becomes czar

  • 1697, goes west for 18 months…(why?)

    • Hears about advancements (which ones?) in western Europe & and wants to see it

    • Needs to form alliance against Ottoman Empire

  • Travels in disguise with delegates

  • Walks streets and learns Western culture and military

  • Returns and gets to work!!


Prussia

Westernization Impact?

  • How many people  benefitted from them?

  • What were the advancements?

    • Women’s rights

    • Calendar, numerals etc

    • Education and technology

      • Academy of Sciences…made what?

      • Recruits talent to Russia 

    • Culture? Advisors? 


Prussia

Peter’s

Biggest

Impact?

  • Increases his power in Russia (?)

    • Russian Orthodox Church?

    • His son?

    • Nobility?

      • Table of Ranks – 1772

    • Peasants? /

  • Military!!!!

    • 200,000 men

    • Inspired by the Dutch to create…

    • Technology in Schools…

Navy

TAXES!!!!


Prussia

Who does Peter Fight?

  • What is gained? Why does Peter want it?


Prussia

St. Petersburg is built


Prussia

Winter Palace


Prussia

Peterhof Palace


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