Literal vs. Figurative Language. Essential Vocabulary. Analyze-to break apart; look under the surface Literal language-language that means exactly what it says Figurative language-language that has a hidden meaning Analogy (uh-now- luh -gee)-a comparison
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The sky was blue.
Tom was blue after learning that he failed his test.
The sucker was made of marshmallow.
The cloud was made of marshmallows.
Paris Hilton is an airhead.
Asafa Powell, the world’s fastest man, runs 100 meters in 9.7 seconds.
He was fast as lightning.
Remember, an analogy is a comparison between two things.
What is it about marshmallows that make them similar to clouds?
Why would someone compare a person to the speed of lightning?