World war ii
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World War II. War In The Pacific. Japanese Advances. Japanese empire dwarfs Hitler’s 3 rd Reich The Fall of the Philippines/March 1942 General MacArthur in command of Allied troops Japanese victorious MacArthur…”I Shall Return!”. Japanese Empire. Bataan Death March.

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World War II

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World war ii

World War II

War In The Pacific


Japanese advances

Japanese Advances

Japanese empire dwarfs Hitler’s 3rd Reich

The Fall of the Philippines/March 1942

General MacArthur in command of Allied troops

Japanese victorious

MacArthur…”I Shall Return!”


World war ii

Japanese Empire


Bataan death march

Bataan Death March

  • Forced march of 75,000 American POWs to prison camps

  • 50,000 murdered

    • Kicked/beaten, starved, bayoneted

  • Treated same way as Native Americans during Trail of Tears

  • Later considered a Japanese war crime


Doolittle s raid

Doolittle’s Raid

  • Spring 1942

  • Bombing raid on Tokyo and surrounding cities

  • Most daring campaign to date; some bombers killed or captured

  • Boosts American morale, lowers Japanese


Battle of coral sea

Battle of Coral Sea

  • May 1942

  • American and Australian carriers vs. Japanese Imperial Navy

  • Successful at stopping Japanese advance to take Australia, eliminate 2 Japanese carriers

    • Damaged Japan’s naval capability at Midway

  • All-Air Battle

    • All planes launched from aircraft carriers

    • No shots fired from surface ships!


Defending australia

DEFENDING AUSTRALIA


Battle of midway

Battle of Midway

  • June 3, 1942

  • Strategic location NW of Hawaii

  • Allies stop the Japanese

  • Allies had broken Japan’s naval code

    • Anticipated the attack

  • Allies under command of Admiral Chester A. Nimitz

    • Helped to locate the Japanese fleet and dive bomb them

  • TURNING POINT IN THE PACIFIC WAR!!!

    -- Bulk of Japanese fleet destroyed

    -- Japanese forced to retreat and play defense

  • Result = Allies begin to “island hop”


Battle of midway1

BATTLE OF MIDWAY


Allies on the offensive

Allies on the Offensive

  • Battle of Guadalcanal, 1944

    • 19,ooo Allied troops storm the island

    • Marks Japan’s first defeat on land

    • Secured Australia from Japanese occupation and protected American-Australian sea route

  • Battle of Leyte Gulf, 1944

    • Entire Japanese fleet involved

      • Largest naval battle of WWII

    • Appearance of Kamikaze

    • Japan defeated, complete disaster

    • Last major Japanese naval engagement of the war


Macarthur returns

MACARTHUR RETURNS


Battle of iwo jima

Battle of Iwo Jima

  • Japan to stop US advance to stop mainland invasion

  • Allies face fierce opposition

    • Fanatical fighting (Samurai mentality)

    • Fighters entrenched in tunnels and caves

  • Iwo Jima’s location critical to US

    • Heavy-loaded bombers could reach Tokyo

  • 6,000 US Marines killed

    • Most in any pacific battle to that point

  • US gains control of the island

  • Only 200 of 20,000 Japanese troops survive


Iwo jima

IWO JIMA


Battle of okinawa

Battle of Okinawa

  • April 1945

  • US Marines invade, challenge Japanese occupation of the island

  • Massive Kamikaze attacks

    • 1900 attacks kill 5000 U.S. sailors, sink 30 ships and damage 300 more

  • Fiercer opposition than Iwo Jima

  • 110,000 Japanese killed in action

  • Allies see this as premonition of invasion of Japan

    • Churchill estimates 1 Million US / 500,000 British deaths if allies invade Japan


The atom bombs

The Atom Bombs

  • The Manhattan Project

    • Over 600,000 Americans involved

    • Led by J. Robert Oppenheimer

  • Truman orders plans to use the bombs

    • Churchill warning of allied deaths if war continues

    • Japanese warned of super weapon

  • Enola Gay drops Little Boy over Hiroshima

    • Japan still won’t surrender

  • Three days later, drop Fat Man on Nagasaki

    • Macarthur accepts Japan’s official surrender on USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945


Hiroshima before

HIROSHIMA BEFORE


Hiroshima after

HIROSHIMA AFTER


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