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The Scientific Revolution. What comes to mind when you think of the word “revolution”?. 1. Are revolutions necessarily violent? Can they be peaceful, without bloodshed? 2. What are appropriate ways to create change when you don’t like what’s going on?

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1. Are revolutions necessarily violent? Can they be peaceful, without bloodshed?

2. What are appropriate ways to create change when you don’t like what’s going on?

3. What’s freedom? What’s truth? Are these worth fighting for?

4. Who are the authority figures in your life? Should you always be obedient to them?


Ptolemy who
Ptolemy – Who? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Astronomer from ancient Greece

  • Taught that the Earth was the center of the universe

    • Everything revolves around Earth

    • Even the Sun!


Ptolemy importance influence
Ptolemy – Importance / Influence? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Views agreed with common sense

  • Accepted by Catholic Church

    • God made the earth the center of the universe

    • Heavens are all around us


The scientific revolution1
The Scientific Revolution peaceful, without bloodshed?


Date 1500 1700
Date?: 1500-1700 peaceful, without bloodshed?


What else is going on
What else is going on? peaceful, without bloodshed?


What else is going on1
What else is going on? peaceful, without bloodshed?


What else is going on2
What else is going on? peaceful, without bloodshed?


What else is going on3
What else is going on? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Reformation

    • Martin Luther, John Calvin, King Henry VIII

  • Counter-reformation

    • Inquisition, Index of Forbidden Books

  • Exploration

    • Columbian Exchange: new products, ideas


Copernicus accomplishments
Copernicus – Accomplishments? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Heliocentric Theory

    • The Sun is the center of the universe


Copernicus reactions
Copernicus – Reactions? peaceful, without bloodshed?

How can you say such things!!

  • Ideas conflicted with Ptolemy

  • Dangerous, called all knowledge into question!! Rejected by experts and Catholic Church


Kepler accomplishments
Kepler – Accomplishments? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Used data collected by other scientists

  • With math, argues in support of Copernicus and heliocentric theory

  • Discovers planetary motion

    • Elliptical orbits of the planets


Kepler reactions
Kepler – Reactions? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Also rejected, even ignored!!

C’mon people! Why are you so resistant to change??


Galileo accomplishments
Galileo – Accomplishments? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Built a powerful new telescope

    • Could see more of the solar system

  • Observed Jupiter’s moons in orbit, craters on moon, and sun spots

  • Supported heliocentric theory


Galileo reactions
Galileo – Reactions? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Condemned by Church

  • Tried by Inquisition

  • Forced to go back on his views

  • “Nevertheless, it does not move.”


William harvey accomplishments
William Harvey – Accomplishments? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Described the way blood circulates in the body

  • Demonstrated how the heart pumps blood


William harvey reaction
William Harvey – Reaction? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • At first criticized

  • Accepted by the end of his lifetime


Issac newton accomplishments
Issac Newton – Accomplishments? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Used mathematics to explain laws of gravity

    • Gravity is what anchors the solar system together

    • And it makes things fall to Earth, too

  • Legend: inspired by seeing an apple fall


Issac newton reactions
Issac Newton – Reactions? peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • At first criticized

  • Later acquired fame and international fans

    • Knighted by the royalty


Significance of the scientific revolution
Significance of the Scientific Revolution peaceful, without bloodshed?

1) Emphasis on reason and systematic observation of nature

2) Formulation of the scientific method

3) Expansion of scientific knowledge


The age of reason
The Age of Reason peaceful, without bloodshed?


New form of literature evolved the novel
New form of literature evolved…the peaceful, without bloodshed?novel

First modern novel:

Don Quixote

Author:

Miguel de Cervantes


Don quixote quotes
Don Quixote peaceful, without bloodshed? quotes

Nobody is forgotten when it is convenient to remember him.

I have other fish to fry.

All that glistens is not gold.

The pen is the tongue of the mind.


Baroque art
Baroque Art peaceful, without bloodshed?

Characteristics:

  • Use of light, emotions, and movement

    Artists:

  • Peter Paul Rubens

    • Flemish painter


Supper at emmaus caravaggio
“Supper at Emmaus” (Caravaggio) peaceful, without bloodshed?


Baroque period
Baroque Period peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Johann Sebastian Bach

    • Composer

    • Complex religious works

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zuHQgmoSKGs


Classical art
Classical Art peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Characteristics:

  • Paintings of Roman and Greek cultures

  • More formal, less exaggeration (less “drama”)

  • Artist:

  • Jacques Louis- David


Which is which baroque or classical
Which is which? Baroque or Classical? peaceful, without bloodshed?


Classical period
Classical Period peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    • Composer

    • Performer

    • Operas, symphonies

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aZD9nt_wsY0&feature=related


Romantic movement
Romantic Movement peaceful, without bloodshed?

Characteristics:

  • Imagination

  • Feeling

  • Intuition

    Artist:

  • Eugene Delacroix

    • French Painter

Liberty Leading the People (1830)


New technologies
New technologies: peaceful, without bloodshed?

Agricultural Revolution

  • New designs in farm tools increased productivity

    • Jethro Tull’s seed drill


New technologies1
New technologies: peaceful, without bloodshed?

  • All-weather roads improved year- round transport and trade.

  • Improvements in ship design lowered the cost of transport.

    • Steamships (powered by coal) could carry 10-20 times the cargo (goods) of older wooden ships


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