Chapter 21. Reaching Out: Cross-Cultural Interactions. Patterns of Long-Distance Trade. Silk roads Sea lanes of Indian Ocean basin Trans-Saharan caravan routes Development of trading cities, emporia Nomadic invasions cause local devastation but expand trade network
Social and Economic Effects of plague on Europe
blamed stars, God’s anger, Jews etc
French King Charles IV died in 1328 w/ no male heir.
Both England and France claim throne.
Changes in Warfare
-Longbow eliminated the advantages of armor
-cannons could blast holes in castles
-armies made up of paid common people
Feudalism comes to an end in France
People more patriotic & devoted to the monarch rather than feudal lord.
Monarchs built up huge armies w/ taxes they collected-reduced the power of nobles
The Renaissance, 14th-16th centuries