Chapter 21. Reaching Out: Cross-Cultural Interactions. Patterns of Long-Distance Trade. Silk roads Sea lanes of Indian Ocean basin Trans-Saharan caravan routes Development of trading cities, emporia Nomadic invasions cause local devastation but expand trade network
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Patterns of Long-Distance Trade
Marco Polo (1253-1324)
Spread of Crops
Social and Economic Effects of plague on Europe
blamed stars, God’s anger, Jews etc
French King Charles IV died in 1328 w/ no male heir.
Both England and France claim throne.
Changes in Warfare
-Longbow eliminated the advantages of armor
-cannons could blast holes in castles
-armies made up of paid common people
Feudalism comes to an end in France
People more patriotic & devoted to the monarch rather than feudal lord.
Monarchs built up huge armies w/ taxes they collected-reduced the power of nobles
Recovery in China & Western Europe
The Ming Dynasty
The Renaissance, 14th-16th centuries
Causes of the Renaissance:
Study of Humanism:
Humanist Moral Thought
Exploration and Colonization
European Exploration in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans
Indian Ocean Trade