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CDM PROJECT ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVES AT LOTUS SUITES AND THE ORCHID HOTEL, MUMBAI BY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CDM PROJECT ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVES AT LOTUS SUITES AND THE ORCHID HOTEL, MUMBAI BY MALLIKA ROY DEVELOPMENT ALTERNATIVES. Features of a CDM Project.

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CDM PROJECT ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVES AT LOTUS SUITES AND THE ORCHID HOTEL, MUMBAI BY

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Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

CDM PROJECT ON

ENERGY EFFICIENCY INITIATIVES AT LOTUS SUITES AND THE ORCHID HOTEL, MUMBAI

BY

MALLIKA ROY

DEVELOPMENT ALTERNATIVES


Features of a cdm project

Features of a CDM Project

A project activity to reduce the GHG emission, additional to any that would occur in the absence of the project, compared to the business as usual scenario (BAU) is called a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Project. In such a project, the following are the main criteria that should be taken care of :

  • Additionality Criteria

  • Sustainable Development

  • Baseline Calculation


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

CDM Project Cycle

Design, structure, finance

National Authority

National approval

Operational entities

Validation

Registration

Project participants

Monitoring

Verification & certification

Executive Board

Issue CERs


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Kamat Hotels India Ltd.

Foundation: Mr. V.K. Kamat started the group in 1972, which now runs almost 50 hotels and restaurants around the world.

Hotels in the Project

  • The Orchid, Mumbai

    • Asia’s first 5 star certified as an Ecotel Hotel

    • Awarded the Green Globe Award by World Travel Mart, London

    • Was honoured with “Green Hotelier & Restaurateur Award” by IH&RA

  • The Lotus Suites, Mumbai

    • Is a 196 room 4 star hotel designed as an Environmentally Sensitive Hotel

    • Will be fully operational from the year 2004-05


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Technologies Installed

  • Replacement of Condenser , STL Pumps and Production Pumps by low consumption and high efficiency pumps

  • Energy Saving:4,22,039 KWh/year (27%)

  • Replacement of incandescent lamps by PL & CFLs

  • Energy Saving: 33,73,016 KWh/year (64%)

  • Replacement of feet electronic chokes by electronic chokes

  • Energy Saving: 46,814 KWh/year (26%)

  • Variable Frequency Drive

  • Energy Saving: 38106 KWh/year (24%)


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Technologies Installed

  • Installation of Auto Power Factor Control Panel

  • Energy Saving: 2,10,240 KWh/year (8%)

  • Ozonized Fresh Air: Maintains air quality, thus reducing the fresh air requirement and hence the A/C load

  • Energy Saving: 55,582 KWh/year (11%)


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Technologies Installed

Eco Button : Reduces load on A/C plant by automatically increasing temperature by 2OC for each room where the eco-button is switched on.

Energy Saving: 3,11,856 KWh/year (1%)

Desuperheater: Heat generated during condensation on chiller plant is recovered to preheat the water flowing through Hot Water Generator

Energy Saving: 534360 KWh/year

Total Energy Saving: 2294272.2 KWh/Year


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Savings in both the hotel Orchid & Lotus suites


Baselines

Baselines

Any project proposal must clearly & transparently describe methodology of determination of baseline.

Emission baseline is the agreed methodology to quantify “what would have happened ” in the absence of the project.

It is established by using data, simulations & assumptions specific to a particular project.


Baseline

Baseline

  • Emissions before CDM activity

    Emissions from energy use = Energy Use before equipments installed * Emission Coefficient for the Western Grid

    = 28849675.96 kWh/yr * 1.076 kg CO2/kWh

    = 31042251.3 kg CO2/ yr

    Emissions from boiler use = 239800 kg CO2/ yr

    Total emissions before CDM project activity

    = 3104251.3 + 239800

    = 31282051.3 kg CO2/ yr


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Baseline

  • Emissions After CDM project activity

    Emissions from energy use =Energy use afterequipments installed* Emission Coefficient for the Western Grid

    = 25393136.5 kWh/yr * 1.076 kg CO2/kWh

    = 27323014.8 kg CO2/ yr

    Emission Reduction = 3959 tonnes CO2/yr


Additionality criteria

Additionality Criteria

Additionality under the CDM refers to the goal of only awarding

CERS for reductions that are beyond what would happen under a BAU scenario.

Emission/Environmental Additionality:

It has been coined to refer to the requirement that a CDM project must generate emission reductions additional to any BAU scenario.

Financial Additionality:

The funding for CDM project activity should not lead to diversion of

overseas development assistance. The project participants may

demonstrate how this is being achieved.

Technological Additionality:

The CDM project activities should lead to transfer of environmentally safe and sound technologies and know how.


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Additionality Criteria

  • Project participants shall provide an explanation to show that the project activity would not have occurred anyway due to at least one of the following barriers:

  • Investment barrier: A financially more viable alternative to the project activity would have led to higher emissions;

  • Technological barrier: A less technologically advanced alternative to the project activity involves lower risks and so would have led to higher emissions;

  • Barrier due to prevailing practice: Prevailing practice or existing regulatory or policy requirements would have led to implementation of a technology with higher emissions;

  • Other barriers:

    • Institutional barriers

    • Limited information

    • Competition for capital etc.


Additionality in the project

Additionality in the Project

  • Environmental Additionality

    • Emission Reduction = 3959 tonnes CO2eq/yr

  • Barriers Overcome

    • Institutional Barriers

      • Lack of experience with energy efficiency investments

      • Low priority towards data collection

      • Uncertain energy savings

    • Financial Barriers

      • Cash constraints

      • Competition for capital


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Additionality


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Additionality(Contd….)


Sustainable development

Sustainable Development

It is the prerogative of the host Party to confirm whether a clean development mechanism project activity assists it in achieving sustainable development. The CDM should also be oriented towards improving the quality of life of the very poor from the environmental standpoint.

Following aspects should be considered while designing CDM project Activity:

  • Social well being

  • Economic well being

  • Environmental well being

  • Technological well being


Sustainable development1

Sustainable Development


Cdm project on energy efficiency initiatives at lotus suites and the orchid hotel mumbai by

Thank you!


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