Ethics Teaching in Business School. The emerging corporate governance reforms have had a positive impact on academic programs.
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Ethics Teaching in Business School
The emerging corporate governance reforms have had a positive impact on academic programs.
The goal of corporate governance and business ethics education is to teach students their responsibilities and accountability to their profession and society. Almost all states require Certified Public Accountant CPA candidates to pass an ethics exam before licensing and report the ethics component in their continuing education requirements. Almost all states require a minimum amount of ethics education for their practicing CPAs.
Ethics in Institutions of Higher Education
Academic integrity and ethical conduct by students and faculty are important to the sustainable well-being and reputation of institutions of higher education. This academic integrity can be achieved when:
(1) there is an effective and fairly enforceable academic honor code,
(2) faculty are willing to take proper action against suspected cheaters,
(3) adequate research is conducted to identify factors that affect academic integrity, including fundamental ethical values,
(4) ethics are integrated into the business curriculum, and
pedagogies are developed to teach and encourage adherence to ethical values and conducts.
You are the best nation that has been raised up for mankind; You enjoin right conduct, forbid evil and believe in Allah. (3:110)
كُنْتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ
The Quran addresses the Prophet. “Thou has been created with an excellent character”
وانه لعلى خلق عظيم
The Prophet highlighted one of his main objective is to perfecting good morals
“I have been sent for the purpose of perfecting good morals”.
بعثت لاتمم مكارم الاخلاق
According to al-Ghazzali all psychological phenomena of Man originated in the Self, such as:
- What is the nature of the Self?
- What is the ultimate purpose of it?
- Wherein lie its misery and Happiness?
The self is the essence of man, al-Ghazzali divided the self into four:
- Qalb (heart)
- Ruh (Soul)
- Nafs (desire-nature)
- ‘Aql (intellect, reason)
According to al-Ghazzali there are six powers included in the Self of man:
Appetite, anger and apprehension are common to man and animals. The self of man possesses two additional qualities which distinguish him from animals, and enable him to attain spiritual perfection which are the ‘Aql (intellect) and Irada (will).
(is it true?)
خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَى سَمْعِهِمْ وَعَلَى أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
In explaining the moral code of Islam, it is important to categorize the action according to the degree of lawfulness and unlawfulness as classified in fiqh to five categories; fard, mustahabb, mubah, makruh and haram.
It represents the class of actions that is mandatory on every Muslim, such as praying the five times a day, fasting the month of Ramadan, paying zakah and performing hajj.
Describes the class of actions that are not obligatory but highly recommended to do. e.g. fasting beyond the month of Remadan, put perfume during Friday prayer, or praying nawafil etc.
Actions are permissible in the sense they are specified neither as mandatory nor as forbidden. e.g. trading during hajj.
Actions are not absolutely forbidden, but are detested.
Actions are unlawful and prohibited. Committing them is a major sin. e.g. murder, commit adultery, dealing with riba, drinking alcohol etc.
Islam asks its believers to observe certain norms and moral codes in;
Code of Islamic Business Transaction
'Urwa related from 'A'isha that Quraysh were concerned with the case of a Makhzumi woman who had stolen something and they said, "Who will speak to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about her?" They said, "Who is bold enough to do it except Usama ibn Zayd, the beloved of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?" Usama spoke to him and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "How can you intercede when it is a case of one of the legal punishments of Allah Almighty?" Then he stood up and spoke and said, "Those before you were destroyed because when a noble among them stole, they let him be, but when the weak among them stole, they carried out the legal punishment on them. By Allah, if Fatima the daughter of Muhammad were to steal, Muhammad would cut off her hand."
One of the servants of the Prophet (pbuh) who was killed in one of the battles, the companions said about him: Congratulations to him the certificate, O Messenger of Allah! The Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, said: (if you can see what I see you have seen his grave has been fueled by the fire, they said: Why, O Messenger?! Said: because he took Shamlah from the booty without the permission of the commander or distributor,
Caliph Omar bin al-Khattab came out one day to the market in an inspection tour. He saw fat camels which were distinguished from the rest of the camels, he asked: whose camels are these? They said: Ebel Abdullah bin Omar.He said: Abdullah ibn Umar ..بخ بخ.Squirt. O son of the faithful ..!! And sent for him, and when he stood between his hands he said to his son: What is this camels, O slave of God ..?He replied: It is my Ebel I bought them and sent them to the pasture to eat: then Caliph Omar reply(the people when they see it .. They said let Ebel the son of the Caliph to eat first and so become fat. So sell it and get its capital only.