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RECOGNIZING + RESPONDING TO AN EMERGENCY. First Aid/CPR Mr. Gagliardo. Recognizing an Emergency. Four ways to sense an emergency situation: Unusual Sights – blood, fire, smoke Unusual Appearances/Behaviors – person who is uncomfortable, unconscious, or has trouble breathing

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RECOGNIZING + RESPONDING TO AN EMERGENCY

First Aid/CPR

Mr. Gagliardo


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Recognizing an Emergency

Four ways to sense an emergency situation:

  • Unusual Sights – blood, fire, smoke

  • Unusual Appearances/Behaviors – person who is uncomfortable, unconscious, or has trouble breathing

  • Unusual Odors – gasoline, smoke, unrecognizable smell

  • Unusual Noises – screaming, sudden silence, explosion, glass breaking


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Overcoming Barriers to Act

  • Normal to feel hesitant/unsure about what to do in an emergency situation

  • Common barriers:

    • Fear of disease transmission

    • Fear of being sued

    • Fear of doing something wrong

    • Type of injury/illness in question


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Obtaining Consent

  • **You MUST obtain consent to help an ill/injured person

  • Unconscious person? – IMPLIED CONSENT

  • How to obtain consent: State your name, tell the person you are trained in First Aid, ask to help, explain what YOU THINK may be wrong, explain WHAT YOU PLAN TO DO.


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The Good Samaritan Law

  • You are FREE OF LIABILITY in the act of aiding someone who is ill/injured as long as you:

    • Act in good faith

    • Are not negligent

    • Act within your SCOPE OF TRAINING


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Preventing Disease Transmission

  • Precautions when giving care:

    • Avoid blood/bodily fluids, use protective equipment (gloves, breathing barriers), and wash hands IMMEDIATELY after care.

  • Disease transmission risk when giving aid is LOW


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Emergency Action Steps

  • CHECK – Check the scene for safety; check the person for life-threatening conditions

  • CALL – 9-1-1/local emergency number

  • CARE – For the ill/injured person

    *IF ALONE? CALL OR CARE FIRST?

    -CALL FIRST: Cardiac emergencies

    -CARE FIRST: Breathing emergencies (2 min. of care, THEN call 9-1-1)


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