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SIMPLE. COMPOUND. COMPLEX. COMPOUND-. COMPLEX. SENTENCES. PHRASE. A pair or group of words that consists of a subject or a predicate (verb). A phrase is NOT a complete sentence!. has been in the United States for 70 years. Verb Phrase. Prepositional Phrase.

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Simple

SIMPLE

COMPOUND

COMPLEX

COMPOUND-

COMPLEX

SENTENCES


Simple

PHRASE

A pair or group

of words that consists of a subject ora predicate (verb). A phrase is NOT a complete sentence!

has been

in the United States

for 70 years

Verb Phrase

Prepositional Phrase

Prepositional Phrase


Simple

CLAUSE

A pair or group

of words that consists of a subject and a predicate. A clause includes phrases and can create a complete sentence.

Subject

Verb Phrase

Captain America has been a famous superhero in the United States for 70 years.

Prepositional Phrases


Simple

INDEPENDENT Clause

STRONG Clause or

MAIN Clause

  • A complete sentence

  • CAN stand alone

Before he became Captain America, Steve Rogers was a scrawny student who could not pass the physical requirements to enlist in the Army.


Simple

DEPENDENT Clause

WEAK Clause or

SUBORDINATE Clause

  • NOT a complete sentence

  • CANNOT stand alone

  • Requires Subordinate Conjunction

Before he became Captain America, Steve Rogers was a scrawny student who could not pass the physical requirements to enlist in the Army.


Simple

SIMPLE Sentence

- One INDEPENDENT CLAUSE

  • Can have COMPOUND SUBJECT

  • or COMPOUND PREDICATE

S

V

During WWII, Steve Rogers volunteered for Operation: Rebirth.

S

S

V

The Army and Professor Abraham Erskine intended to enhance the US soldiers to the height of physical perfection.

S

Verb Phrase

Rogers was injected with the “Super Soldier Serum” and exposed to a burst of “Vita-Rays.”

V


Simple

COMPOUNDSentence

- TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES

  • Linked by a COMMA and a

  • FAN BOYS conjunction

S 1

V 1

The process successfully altered his

musculature from its frail state, and his reflexes

reached the pinnacle of human possibility.

S 2

, AND

V 2

S 1

V 1

Operation: Rebirth was a great success, but

Professor Erskine was assassinated by a Nazi operative.

S 2

V 2

, BUT


Simple

COMPLEX Sentence

  • An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE

  • and a DEPENDENT CLAUSE

  • Dependent clause begins with an

  • ABE HIPSTUW (subordinate) conjunction

Because of his new found abilities, Rogers

became a symbolic US hero to counter the Nazi

propaganda machine.

,

Codenamed “Captain America,” Rogers was given

a bulletproof shield and wore a costume which

he modeled after the American flag.


Simple

COMPOUND -

COMPLEXSentence

- TWO INDEPENDENT CLAUSES

and a DEPENDENT CLAUSE

  • Will have a FAN BOYS and

  • an ABE HIPSTUW conjunction

After making a daring air escape from his

Nazi captors, Captain America’s plane was

shot down, and his body was frozen in ice.

S 1

V1

,

, AND

S 2

V 2


Simple

After, although, as

Before, because

Even though

How

If, in order that

Provided that

So, since

That, than, though

Unless, until

When, whenever, where, wherever,

while, why, which, what,

whatever, who, whose, whom,

whoever, whomever

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

;


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