Day 71: Girding for War: The North and the South. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute December 15, 2010 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Girding for War: The North and the South. Objectives: Describe the consequences for both sides of the North’s defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
December 15, 2010
A.P. U.S. History
Describe the consequences for both sides of the North’s defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
Outline Union’s original military strategy and how Lincoln was forced to adjust it during the course of the War.
Explain the critical importance of the failed Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam in changing the Civil War from a limited war for the Union into a total war against slavery.
In the early stages of the war, Lincoln is disappointed with the performance of his generals, especially those who commanded the eastern Army of the Potomac. General George McClellan, who despite abundant resources at his disposal and an army larger than his foe’s, fails to capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederacy, in 1862.
The war provides both free blacks and runaway slaves the opportunity to take part in a personal crusade to destroy slavery. Over 180,000 black men serve in the Union army.
The Civil War, begun as a limited struggle over the Union, eventually became a total war to end slavery and transform the nation.
After several years of seesaw struggle, the Union armies under Ulysses Grant finally wore down the Southern forces under Robert E. Lee and ended the Confederate bid for independence, as well as the institution of slavery.
Election Charts 1852, 1856, 1860, 1864
Decades Chart 1850’s-all Due NOW
Primary Source Analysis-DUE Tuesday. No Late Submissions on this one!!!!
Civil War Chart and 1860’s Decade Chart Due on Friday (Half-Day)
Have Chapter 21 read by Thursday
10 Question Reading check on Friday (Half-Day)
Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War
Formed in late 1861
questioned expanse of Presidential power
Douglas died and the party splintered
Copperheads-obstructed the war
draft, Lincoln, emancipation
The man without a country
Clement L. Vallandigham-Ohio Congressman convicted by a military tribunal for treasonable utterances
Incorporated War Democrats
Andrew Johnson-shore up War Democrats
212 Electoral Votes
21 Electoral Votes
45% of popular vote
Wilderness Campaign May/June 1864-wilderness of VA
Grant would attack simultaneously so the enemy could not help one another
Grant had 50,000 casualties
Lee had 25,000 casualties
Cold Harbor-7,000 casualties in 7 minutes
Lee1 to 5
Grant 1 to 10
Lee resorted to defensive positions due to fewer men-trenches
February 1865-C.S.A. attempted to negotiate for peace
Lincoln discovered his ablest general,
Ulysses S. Grant
Grant gained fame in Northern Tennessee by retaking Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
He attempted to take Corinth, a railroad hub, but was stopped at Shiloh on April 6-7, 1862
Lincoln refused to replace Grant
David Farragut and the Union seized New Orleans in spring of 1862
Grant lead attack at Vicksburg that ended on July 4, 1863, and Port Hudson fell after
The North now in control of the Mississippi.
Ohio River Valley happy
Diplomatic negotiations ended for the South
Britain stopped delivering the Laird rams
France killed a deal for 6 naval vessels
Grant transferred to East Tennessee theatre to record victories at Chattanooga
Grant then made General in Chief
Conquest of Georgia given to Sherman who practiced total war
From Atlanta to Savannah to South Carolina