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Day 71: Girding for War: The North and the South. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute December 15, 2010 A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. Girding for War: The North and the South. Objectives: Describe the consequences for both sides of the North’s defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.

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day 71 girding for war the north and the south

Day 71: Girding for War: The North and the South

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

December 15, 2010

A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

girding for war the north and the south
Girding for War: The North and the South

Objectives:

Describe the consequences for both sides of the North’s defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.

Outline Union’s original military strategy and how Lincoln was forced to adjust it during the course of the War.

Explain the critical importance of the failed Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam in changing the Civil War from a limited war for the Union into a total war against slavery.

AP Focus

In the early stages of the war, Lincoln is disappointed with the performance of his generals, especially those who commanded the eastern Army of the Potomac. General George McClellan, who despite abundant resources at his disposal and an army larger than his foe’s, fails to capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederacy, in 1862.

The war provides both free blacks and runaway slaves the opportunity to take part in a personal crusade to destroy slavery. Over 180,000 black men serve in the Union army.

chapter focus
Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

The Civil War, begun as a limited struggle over the Union, eventually became a total war to end slavery and transform the nation.

After several years of seesaw struggle, the Union armies under Ulysses Grant finally wore down the Southern forces under Robert E. Lee and ended the Confederate bid for independence, as well as the institution of slavery.

announcements
Announcements

Election Charts 1852, 1856, 1860, 1864

Decades Chart 1850’s-all Due NOW

Primary Source Analysis-DUE Tuesday. No Late Submissions on this one!!!!

Civil War Chart and 1860’s Decade Chart Due on Friday (Half-Day)

Have Chapter 21 read by Thursday

10 Question Reading check on Friday (Half-Day)

the politics of war
The Politics of War

Congressional Committee on the Conduct of the War

Formed in late 1861

radical Republicans

questioned expanse of Presidential power

emancipation

Northern Democrats

Douglas died and the party splintered

Copperheads-obstructed the war

draft, Lincoln, emancipation

The man without a country

Clement L. Vallandigham-Ohio Congressman convicted by a military tribunal for treasonable utterances

election of 1864
Election of 1864

Republicans/Union

Lincoln

Incorporated War Democrats

Andrew Johnson-shore up War Democrats

212 Electoral Votes

Democrats

McClellan

Copperheads

Peace Democrats

21 Electoral Votes

45% of popular vote

grant outlasts lee
Grant Outlasts Lee

Wilderness Campaign May/June 1864-wilderness of VA

Grant would attack simultaneously so the enemy could not help one another

Grant had 50,000 casualties

Lee had 25,000 casualties

Cold Harbor-7,000 casualties in 7 minutes

Rate loss

Lee1 to 5

Grant 1 to 10

Lee resorted to defensive positions due to fewer men-trenches

February 1865-C.S.A. attempted to negotiate for peace

the war in the west
The War in the West

Lincoln discovered his ablest general,

Ulysses S. Grant

Grant gained fame in Northern Tennessee by retaking Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

He attempted to take Corinth, a railroad hub, but was stopped at Shiloh on April 6-7, 1862

Lincoln refused to replace Grant

David Farragut and the Union seized New Orleans in spring of 1862

Grant lead attack at Vicksburg that ended on July 4, 1863, and Port Hudson fell after

cont d
Cont’d

The North now in control of the Mississippi.

Ohio River Valley happy

Diplomatic negotiations ended for the South

Britain stopped delivering the Laird rams

France killed a deal for 6 naval vessels

sherman scorches georgia
Sherman Scorches Georgia

Grant transferred to East Tennessee theatre to record victories at Chattanooga

Grant then made General in Chief

Conquest of Georgia given to Sherman who practiced total war

From Atlanta to Savannah to South Carolina

homework
Homework
  • Continue Reading Chapter 21
  • Work on Charts.
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