Brazil
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BRAZIL. THE GIANT OF SOUTH AMERICA. A. TWO MAJOR TYPES OF LANDFORMS. Plains: 10-30 miles deep along the Atlantic coast Amazon River basin Plateau: Brazilian Highlands Escarpment: Steep cliff between two different levels of land. B. Northeast region.

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BRAZIL

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Brazil

BRAZIL

THE GIANT OF SOUTH AMERICA


A two major types of landforms

A. TWO MAJOR TYPES OF LANDFORMS

  • Plains:

    • 10-30 miles deep along theAtlantic coast

    • Amazon River basin

  • Plateau:

    • Brazilian Highlands

  • Escarpment:

    • Steep cliff between two different levels of land


B northeast region

B. Northeast region

  • Colonized by the Portuguese in 1500

    • Built large sugarcane plantations along the coast

    • Brought more than 3,000,000 African slaves to work the land

    • This African culture is still a major influence on the region


C sertao ser ty oh

C. SERTAO (ser TY oh)

  • Interior plains region

  • Wet/Dry climate

  • Some droughts last a year or more

  • Many people of this region are poor

  • Malnutrition causes a low life expectancy of only 49 years


D southeast region

D. SOUTHEAST REGION

  • Only 11% of Brazil’s land

  • Over 40% of Brazil’s population

  • Subtropical climate and fertile soil

  • Cash crops:

    • Cotton

    • Sugar cane

    • Rice

    • Cacao


Coffee

COFFEE

  • Biggest and most important crop

    • Coffee

    • Called, “The world’s coffee-pot”

    • Grows ¼ of the world’s coffee


E the cities

E. THE CITIES

  • Rio de Janeiro:

    • Former capital of Brazil

    • Known for vacations, beaches and Carnival:

    • Carnival: Takes place during the four days preceding lent.

    • Lent: Roman-Catholic religious practice of fasting and penitence before Easter


F favelas

F. FAVELAS

  • Drawn to the excitement and potential opportunities JOBS

  • Millions of uneducated people from the countryside end up in the cities

  • They usually find low-paying jobs , and end up building a shack in a favela

  • Favela:

    • SLUM

    • Usually on a hillsideor in aswamp

    • Wood plank walls and tin roof


G brazilian highlands

G. BRAZILIAN HIGHLANDS

  • Plateau region in the southeastern heartland

  • Location of the “New” capital city

    • Brasilia


H amazon river basin

H. AMAZON RIVER BASIN

  • Largest region of Brazil

  • Least explored

  • Almost 80” of rainfall per year

  • Constant temperature of about 80o

  • Home to thousands of species of plants and animals


I amazon indians

I. AMAZON INDIANS

  • When the Portuguese arrived, the population of Indians was estimated in the millions

  • Today’s estimates place the number at about 200,000

  • Many died due to diseases brought by the Portuguese


J quest for economic growth

J. QUEST FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH

  • Brazil is a country of extremes

    • Very rich in natural resources

    • Huge number of very poor people

    • Many families cannot afford to feed and clothe their children

    • Thousands of children live by themselves on the street begging or working for coins just to buy food.


K policies for growth

K. POLICIES FOR GROWTH

  • Boost the industrial base

  • Constructed steel mills and oil-refineries

  • Build huge hydroelectric dams (using the escarpment)

  • Tremendous growth of industry brought millions of people into the cities looking for ajob/better life


K policies for growth1

K. POLICIES FOR GROWTH

  • Road building projects

    • 3,000 miles across jungle

  • Government gave away thousands of plots of land in the Amazon Basin for:

    • Farmingb. Mining

  • Developing the Interior

  • Brasilia:

    • Planned city, 600 miles from the coast

    • 1990 population, 2 million


  • L development successes

    L. DEVELOPMENT SUCCESSES

    • More than 1 million people have moved into the Amazon

    • Manufacturing now accounts for 1/3 of GNP

    • One of the world’s leadingindustrial economies

    • Development of GASAHOL

      • Mix of gasoline and ethanol

      • Ethanol is produced from sugar cane

      • In 2006, Brazil became Oil Independent (They do not buy oil from other countries)


    M negative effects of development

    M. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENT

    • Poverty has increased as people rushed into the cities

    • People came to the Amazon to farm

    • Found that the soil isn’t very fertile

    • Many people have abandoned their farms

    • The soil was left to wash away


    N brazil s future

    N. BRAZIL’S FUTURE

    • Has a great climate

    • Millions of acres of very fertile soil

    • Brazil has the potential to become a world-power

    • Tourism is a booming business

      • Ecotourism: Tourists visit the jungle without destroying it


    A t g t

    A.T.G.T.

    • First name

    • Last Name

    • Class period

    • Hold it up to show me (by row)


    Brazil

    Reach For A Star Production

    John P. Lukewww.mrluke.net


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