brazil
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
BRAZIL

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

BRAZIL - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on

BRAZIL. THE GIANT OF SOUTH AMERICA. A. TWO MAJOR TYPES OF LANDFORMS. Plains: 10-30 miles deep along the Atlantic coast Amazon River basin Plateau: Brazilian Highlands Escarpment: Steep cliff between two different levels of land. B. Northeast region.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' BRAZIL' - anne


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
brazil

BRAZIL

THE GIANT OF SOUTH AMERICA

a two major types of landforms
A. TWO MAJOR TYPES OF LANDFORMS
  • Plains:
    • 10-30 miles deep along theAtlantic coast
    • Amazon River basin
  • Plateau:
    • Brazilian Highlands
  • Escarpment:
    • Steep cliff between two different levels of land
b northeast region
B. Northeast region
  • Colonized by the Portuguese in 1500
    • Built large sugarcane plantations along the coast
    • Brought more than 3,000,000 African slaves to work the land
    • This African culture is still a major influence on the region
c sertao ser ty oh
C. SERTAO (ser TY oh)
  • Interior plains region
  • Wet/Dry climate
  • Some droughts last a year or more
  • Many people of this region are poor
  • Malnutrition causes a low life expectancy of only 49 years
d southeast region
D. SOUTHEAST REGION
  • Only 11% of Brazil’s land
  • Over 40% of Brazil’s population
  • Subtropical climate and fertile soil
  • Cash crops:
    • Cotton
    • Sugar cane
    • Rice
    • Cacao
coffee
COFFEE
  • Biggest and most important crop
    • Coffee
    • Called, “The world’s coffee-pot”
    • Grows ¼ of the world’s coffee
e the cities
E. THE CITIES
  • Rio de Janeiro:
    • Former capital of Brazil
    • Known for vacations, beaches and Carnival:
    • Carnival: Takes place during the four days preceding lent.
    • Lent: Roman-Catholic religious practice of fasting and penitence before Easter
f favelas
F. FAVELAS
  • Drawn to the excitement and potential opportunities JOBS
  • Millions of uneducated people from the countryside end up in the cities
  • They usually find low-paying jobs , and end up building a shack in a favela
  • Favela:
    • SLUM
    • Usually on a hillsideor in aswamp
    • Wood plank walls and tin roof
g brazilian highlands
G. BRAZILIAN HIGHLANDS
  • Plateau region in the southeastern heartland
  • Location of the “New” capital city
    • Brasilia
h amazon river basin
H. AMAZON RIVER BASIN
  • Largest region of Brazil
  • Least explored
  • Almost 80” of rainfall per year
  • Constant temperature of about 80o
  • Home to thousands of species of plants and animals
i amazon indians
I. AMAZON INDIANS
  • When the Portuguese arrived, the population of Indians was estimated in the millions
  • Today’s estimates place the number at about 200,000
  • Many died due to diseases brought by the Portuguese
j quest for economic growth
J. QUEST FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH
  • Brazil is a country of extremes
    • Very rich in natural resources
    • Huge number of very poor people
    • Many families cannot afford to feed and clothe their children
    • Thousands of children live by themselves on the street begging or working for coins just to buy food.
k policies for growth
K. POLICIES FOR GROWTH
  • Boost the industrial base
  • Constructed steel mills and oil-refineries
  • Build huge hydroelectric dams (using the escarpment)
  • Tremendous growth of industry brought millions of people into the cities looking for ajob/better life
k policies for growth1
K. POLICIES FOR GROWTH
  • Road building projects
      • 3,000 miles across jungle
  • Government gave away thousands of plots of land in the Amazon Basin for:
    • Farming b. Mining
  • Developing the Interior
  • Brasilia:
    • Planned city, 600 miles from the coast
    • 1990 population, 2 million
l development successes
L. DEVELOPMENT SUCCESSES
  • More than 1 million people have moved into the Amazon
  • Manufacturing now accounts for 1/3 of GNP
  • One of the world’s leadingindustrial economies
  • Development of GASAHOL
    • Mix of gasoline and ethanol
    • Ethanol is produced from sugar cane
    • In 2006, Brazil became Oil Independent (They do not buy oil from other countries)
m negative effects of development
M. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENT
  • Poverty has increased as people rushed into the cities
  • People came to the Amazon to farm
  • Found that the soil isn’t very fertile
  • Many people have abandoned their farms
  • The soil was left to wash away
n brazil s future
N. BRAZIL’S FUTURE
  • Has a great climate
  • Millions of acres of very fertile soil
  • Brazil has the potential to become a world-power
  • Tourism is a booming business
    • Ecotourism: Tourists visit the jungle without destroying it
a t g t
A.T.G.T.
  • First name
  • Last Name
  • Class period
  • Hold it up to show me (by row)
slide27

Reach For A Star Production

John P. Lukewww.mrluke.net

ad