World war i a different kind of war
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World War I: A Different Kind of War. New Military Technology. Trench Warfare. Led to “war of attrition” wearing down; weakening of resistance basically – who could outlast whom?. Rapid Fire Machine Guns. Flamethrower. Poison Gas. Submarine Warfare ~ led to convoys ~. German U-boat.

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World War I: A Different Kind of War

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World war i a different kind of war

World War I:A Different Kind of War


New military technology

New Military Technology


Trench warfare

Trench Warfare

  • Led to “war of attrition”

    • wearing down; weakening of resistance

    • basically – who could outlast whom?


Rapid fire machine guns

Rapid Fire Machine Guns


Flamethrower

Flamethrower


Poison gas

Poison Gas


Submarine warfare led to convoys

Submarine Warfare~ led to convoys ~

German U-boat


Mines underwater explosives

Mines & Underwater Explosives


Air fighting spying

Air Fighting & Spying

Planes

Zeppelins


Tanks introduced in 1916

Tanks~ introduced in 1916


World war i a different kind of war

By 1918 could cross trenches…

…”broke the western front”


Old methods of war new technology

Old Methods of War + New Technology =

HIGH CASUALTIES!

MASS DESTRUCTION!


New kind of war

New Kind of War


First total war

First “Total War”

  • War used to be limited and organized

  • In WWI, all citizens and resources were affected

  • Showed financial interconnectedness of the world


Nations involved from around the world

Nations involved from around the world

Allies

Central powers

Austria-Hungary

Bulgaria

Germany

Ottoman Empire

  • India

  • Italy

  • Japan

  • Montenegro

  • New Zealand

  • Portugal

  • Romania

  • Russia

  • Serbia

  • South Africa

  • United States

  • Australia

  • Belgium

  • British Colonies

  • Canada & New-foundland

  • France

  • French North Africa

  • French Colonies

  • Great Britain

  • Greece


Took heroism out of war

Took Heroism Out of War

  • The ends were not equal to the means

  • Obliterated the idea that warfare is gallant and heroic

    • anonymous warfare

  • War became an entity unto itself

    • “Neither (side) had won, nor could win, the war. The war had won, and would go on winning.”

      ~ Fussel, pg 13


Loss of respect for the enemy

Loss of Respect for the Enemy

  • Not gentlemanly

    • Germany was not allowed to attend the peace negotiations at the end of the war

  • War becomes the enemy


Forced military service

Forced Military Service

  • For the first time, men were forced to serve in the military

    • break from tradition

    • break from the gallantry and heroism of choosing to go to war


Use of propaganda

Use ofPropaganda


World war i a different kind of war

  • Made the war look fun

  • Break from non-propaganda tradition

  • Raised level of hatred between nation


World war i a different kind of war

  • Songs

  • Posters

  • Pamphlets

  • Advertisements at movie theaters

  • Radio broadcasts

  • News releases

  • Speeches


War impacts civilians

War Impacts Civilians


Civilians put in harm s way

Civilians Put in Harm’s Way

  • For the first time, civilians are killed as a regular part of warfare

    • Ex: sinking of the Lusitania


Gender role reversal

Gender Role Reversal

  • Women work in factories

  • Women given the right to vote

  • Men come home from war with no jobs

  • Men come home from war with hysteria (shell shock)


War impacts the marketplace

War Impacts the Marketplace

  • Fixed prices

  • Fixed wages

  • Food rations

    • “meatless Tuesdays”

    • “wheatless Mondays and Wednesdays”


World war i a different kind of war a different postwar world

World War I:A Different Kind of War =A Different Postwar World


Trust vs

TrustVs.

Skepticism


Pride vs

PrideVs.

Humbleness


High expectations vs

High ExpectationsVs.

Spiritual

Depression


Idealism vs

IdealismVs.

Realism


Innocence vs

InnocenceVs.

Awareness


World war i a different kind of war

“One vast optimistic hope, leading to one vast ironic catastrophe.”


Reversed progress

Reversed Progress

  • People yearned for “Good Ole Days”

  • Return to isolationism

    • “Stood too close to the fire and got burned.”


Heroism of the common man

Heroism of the Common Man

  • Birth of a new kind of heroism

    • Ordinary people with ordinary struggles

    • Heroes for just surviving

    • Grim determination


Made the u s into a world power

Made the U.S. into a World Power

  • Government stronger

  • Businesses more respected

  • “Creditor Nation”


Reflection writing letter

Reflection Writing:

Letter


World war i a different kind of war

In your letter, discuss World War I in the perspective of someone who is living through it…

  • FROM:

  • German soldier

  • U.S. soldier

  • British soldier

  • Russian soldier

  • ANY soldier…

  • Mother of a soldier

  • Father of a soldier

  • Girlfriend of a soldier

  • News/military analyst

  • Politician (any side)

  • You choose…

  • TO:

  • ANY soldier…

  • Mother

  • Father

  • Girlfriend

  • Military commander

  • Newspaper/radio station

  • Politician (any side)

  • You choose…


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