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World War I: A Different Kind of War. New Military Technology. Trench Warfare. Led to “war of attrition” wearing down; weakening of resistance basically – who could outlast whom?. Rapid Fire Machine Guns. Flamethrower. Poison Gas. Submarine Warfare ~ led to convoys ~. German U-boat.

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Presentation Transcript
trench warfare
Trench Warfare
  • Led to “war of attrition”
    • wearing down; weakening of resistance
    • basically – who could outlast whom?
air fighting spying
Air Fighting & Spying

Planes

Zeppelins

slide19

By 1918 could cross trenches…

…”broke the western front”

old methods of war new technology
Old Methods of War + New Technology =

HIGH CASUALTIES!

MASS DESTRUCTION!

first total war
First “Total War”
  • War used to be limited and organized
  • In WWI, all citizens and resources were affected
  • Showed financial interconnectedness of the world
nations involved from around the world
Nations involved from around the world

Allies

Central powers

Austria-Hungary

Bulgaria

Germany

Ottoman Empire

  • India
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Montenegro
  • New Zealand
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • South Africa
  • United States
  • Australia
  • Belgium
  • British Colonies
  • Canada & New-foundland
  • France
  • French North Africa
  • French Colonies
  • Great Britain
  • Greece
took heroism out of war
Took Heroism Out of War
  • The ends were not equal to the means
  • Obliterated the idea that warfare is gallant and heroic
    • anonymous warfare
  • War became an entity unto itself
    • “Neither (side) had won, nor could win, the war. The war had won, and would go on winning.”

~ Fussel, pg 13

loss of respect for the enemy
Loss of Respect for the Enemy
  • Not gentlemanly
    • Germany was not allowed to attend the peace negotiations at the end of the war
  • War becomes the enemy
forced military service
Forced Military Service
  • For the first time, men were forced to serve in the military
    • break from tradition
    • break from the gallantry and heroism of choosing to go to war
slide30

Made the war look fun

  • Break from non-propaganda tradition
  • Raised level of hatred between nation
slide31

Songs

  • Posters
  • Pamphlets
  • Advertisements at movie theaters
  • Radio broadcasts
  • News releases
  • Speeches
civilians put in harm s way
Civilians Put in Harm’s Way
  • For the first time, civilians are killed as a regular part of warfare
    • Ex: sinking of the Lusitania
gender role reversal
Gender Role Reversal
  • Women work in factories
  • Women given the right to vote
  • Men come home from war with no jobs
  • Men come home from war with hysteria (shell shock)
war impacts the marketplace
War Impacts the Marketplace
  • Fixed prices
  • Fixed wages
  • Food rations
    • “meatless Tuesdays”
    • “wheatless Mondays and Wednesdays”
trust vs
TrustVs.

Skepticism

pride vs
PrideVs.

Humbleness

high expectations vs
High ExpectationsVs.

Spiritual

Depression

innocence vs
InnocenceVs.

Awareness

reversed progress
Reversed Progress
  • People yearned for “Good Ole Days”
  • Return to isolationism
    • “Stood too close to the fire and got burned.”
heroism of the common man
Heroism of the Common Man
  • Birth of a new kind of heroism
    • Ordinary people with ordinary struggles
    • Heroes for just surviving
    • Grim determination
made the u s into a world power
Made the U.S. into a World Power
  • Government stronger
  • Businesses more respected
  • “Creditor Nation”
slide54
In your letter, discuss World War I in the perspective of someone who is living through it…
  • FROM:
  • German soldier
  • U.S. soldier
  • British soldier
  • Russian soldier
  • ANY soldier…
  • Mother of a soldier
  • Father of a soldier
  • Girlfriend of a soldier
  • News/military analyst
  • Politician (any side)
  • You choose…
  • TO:
  • ANY soldier…
  • Mother
  • Father
  • Girlfriend
  • Military commander
  • Newspaper/radio station
  • Politician (any side)
  • You choose…
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