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World War I: A Different Kind of War. New Military Technology. Trench Warfare. Led to “war of attrition” wearing down; weakening of resistance basically – who could outlast whom?. Rapid Fire Machine Guns. Flamethrower. Poison Gas. Submarine Warfare ~ led to convoys ~. German U-boat.

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World war i a different kind of war

World War I:A Different Kind of War



Trench warfare
Trench Warfare

  • Led to “war of attrition”

    • wearing down; weakening of resistance

    • basically – who could outlast whom?





Submarine warfare led to convoys
Submarine Warfare~ led to convoys ~

German U-boat



Air fighting spying
Air Fighting & Spying

Planes

Zeppelins


Tanks introduced in 1916
Tanks~ introduced in 1916


By 1918 could cross trenches…

…”broke the western front”


Old methods of war new technology
Old Methods of War + New Technology =

HIGH CASUALTIES!

MASS DESTRUCTION!


New kind of war
New Kind of War


First total war
First “Total War”

  • War used to be limited and organized

  • In WWI, all citizens and resources were affected

  • Showed financial interconnectedness of the world


Nations involved from around the world
Nations involved from around the world

Allies

Central powers

Austria-Hungary

Bulgaria

Germany

Ottoman Empire

  • India

  • Italy

  • Japan

  • Montenegro

  • New Zealand

  • Portugal

  • Romania

  • Russia

  • Serbia

  • South Africa

  • United States

  • Australia

  • Belgium

  • British Colonies

  • Canada & New-foundland

  • France

  • French North Africa

  • French Colonies

  • Great Britain

  • Greece


Took heroism out of war
Took Heroism Out of War

  • The ends were not equal to the means

  • Obliterated the idea that warfare is gallant and heroic

    • anonymous warfare

  • War became an entity unto itself

    • “Neither (side) had won, nor could win, the war. The war had won, and would go on winning.”

      ~ Fussel, pg 13


Loss of respect for the enemy
Loss of Respect for the Enemy

  • Not gentlemanly

    • Germany was not allowed to attend the peace negotiations at the end of the war

  • War becomes the enemy


Forced military service
Forced Military Service

  • For the first time, men were forced to serve in the military

    • break from tradition

    • break from the gallantry and heroism of choosing to go to war


Use of propaganda
Use ofPropaganda



  • Songs

  • Posters

  • Pamphlets

  • Advertisements at movie theaters

  • Radio broadcasts

  • News releases

  • Speeches


War impacts civilians
War Impacts Civilians


Civilians put in harm s way
Civilians Put in Harm’s Way

  • For the first time, civilians are killed as a regular part of warfare

    • Ex: sinking of the Lusitania


Gender role reversal
Gender Role Reversal

  • Women work in factories

  • Women given the right to vote

  • Men come home from war with no jobs

  • Men come home from war with hysteria (shell shock)


War impacts the marketplace
War Impacts the Marketplace

  • Fixed prices

  • Fixed wages

  • Food rations

    • “meatless Tuesdays”

    • “wheatless Mondays and Wednesdays”


World war i a different kind of war a different postwar world

World War I:A Different Kind of War =A Different Postwar World


Trust vs
TrustVs.

Skepticism


Pride vs
PrideVs.

Humbleness


High expectations vs
High ExpectationsVs.

Spiritual

Depression


Idealism vs
IdealismVs.

Realism


Innocence vs
InnocenceVs.

Awareness



Reversed progress
Reversed Progress catastrophe.”

  • People yearned for “Good Ole Days”

  • Return to isolationism

    • “Stood too close to the fire and got burned.”


Heroism of the common man
Heroism of the Common Man catastrophe.”

  • Birth of a new kind of heroism

    • Ordinary people with ordinary struggles

    • Heroes for just surviving

    • Grim determination


Made the u s into a world power
Made the U.S. into a World Power catastrophe.”

  • Government stronger

  • Businesses more respected

  • “Creditor Nation”


Reflection writing letter

Reflection Writing: catastrophe.”

Letter


In your letter, discuss World War I in the perspective of someone who is living through it…

  • FROM:

  • German soldier

  • U.S. soldier

  • British soldier

  • Russian soldier

  • ANY soldier…

  • Mother of a soldier

  • Father of a soldier

  • Girlfriend of a soldier

  • News/military analyst

  • Politician (any side)

  • You choose…

  • TO:

  • ANY soldier…

  • Mother

  • Father

  • Girlfriend

  • Military commander

  • Newspaper/radio station

  • Politician (any side)

  • You choose…


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