World war i a different kind of war
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World War I: A Different Kind of War. New Military Technology. Trench Warfare. Led to “war of attrition” wearing down; weakening of resistance basically – who could outlast whom?. Rapid Fire Machine Guns. Flamethrower. Poison Gas. Submarine Warfare ~ led to convoys ~. German U-boat.

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World War I: A Different Kind of War

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World War I:A Different Kind of War

New Military Technology

Trench Warfare

  • Led to “war of attrition”

    • wearing down; weakening of resistance

    • basically – who could outlast whom?

Rapid Fire Machine Guns


Poison Gas

Submarine Warfare~ led to convoys ~

German U-boat

Mines & Underwater Explosives

Air Fighting & Spying



Tanks~ introduced in 1916

By 1918 could cross trenches…

…”broke the western front”

Old Methods of War + New Technology =



New Kind of War

First “Total War”

  • War used to be limited and organized

  • In WWI, all citizens and resources were affected

  • Showed financial interconnectedness of the world

Nations involved from around the world


Central powers




Ottoman Empire

  • India

  • Italy

  • Japan

  • Montenegro

  • New Zealand

  • Portugal

  • Romania

  • Russia

  • Serbia

  • South Africa

  • United States

  • Australia

  • Belgium

  • British Colonies

  • Canada & New-foundland

  • France

  • French North Africa

  • French Colonies

  • Great Britain

  • Greece

Took Heroism Out of War

  • The ends were not equal to the means

  • Obliterated the idea that warfare is gallant and heroic

    • anonymous warfare

  • War became an entity unto itself

    • “Neither (side) had won, nor could win, the war. The war had won, and would go on winning.”

      ~ Fussel, pg 13

Loss of Respect for the Enemy

  • Not gentlemanly

    • Germany was not allowed to attend the peace negotiations at the end of the war

  • War becomes the enemy

Forced Military Service

  • For the first time, men were forced to serve in the military

    • break from tradition

    • break from the gallantry and heroism of choosing to go to war

Use ofPropaganda

  • Made the war look fun

  • Break from non-propaganda tradition

  • Raised level of hatred between nation

  • Songs

  • Posters

  • Pamphlets

  • Advertisements at movie theaters

  • Radio broadcasts

  • News releases

  • Speeches

War Impacts Civilians

Civilians Put in Harm’s Way

  • For the first time, civilians are killed as a regular part of warfare

    • Ex: sinking of the Lusitania

Gender Role Reversal

  • Women work in factories

  • Women given the right to vote

  • Men come home from war with no jobs

  • Men come home from war with hysteria (shell shock)

War Impacts the Marketplace

  • Fixed prices

  • Fixed wages

  • Food rations

    • “meatless Tuesdays”

    • “wheatless Mondays and Wednesdays”

World War I:A Different Kind of War =A Different Postwar World





High ExpectationsVs.







“One vast optimistic hope, leading to one vast ironic catastrophe.”

Reversed Progress

  • People yearned for “Good Ole Days”

  • Return to isolationism

    • “Stood too close to the fire and got burned.”

Heroism of the Common Man

  • Birth of a new kind of heroism

    • Ordinary people with ordinary struggles

    • Heroes for just surviving

    • Grim determination

Made the U.S. into a World Power

  • Government stronger

  • Businesses more respected

  • “Creditor Nation”

Reflection Writing:


In your letter, discuss World War I in the perspective of someone who is living through it…

  • FROM:

  • German soldier

  • U.S. soldier

  • British soldier

  • Russian soldier

  • ANY soldier…

  • Mother of a soldier

  • Father of a soldier

  • Girlfriend of a soldier

  • News/military analyst

  • Politician (any side)

  • You choose…

  • TO:

  • ANY soldier…

  • Mother

  • Father

  • Girlfriend

  • Military commander

  • Newspaper/radio station

  • Politician (any side)

  • You choose…

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