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Human Origins in Africa. Chapter 1 Section 1. Warm-Up ( Enter room quietly) Define Key Terms. Culture Neolithic Age Technology Homo Sapiens. Scientists Search for Human Origins. Prehistory- 5000 years ago Artifacts- are human made objects such as jewelry and tools

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human origins in africa

Human Origins in Africa

Chapter 1

Section 1

warm up enter room quietly define key terms
Warm-Up ( Enter room quietly) Define Key Terms
  • Culture
  • Neolithic Age
  • Technology
  • Homo Sapiens
scientists search for human origins
Scientists Search for Human Origins
  • Prehistory- 5000 years ago
  • Artifacts- are human made objects such as jewelry and tools
  • Culture-people’s unique way of life
scientists
Scientists
  • Archeologist-uncover stories of prehistoric people
  • Anthropologists-study people’s culture
  • Paleontologist- study fossils in rocks
early man
Early Man
  • Hominids- humans and other creatures that walk upright
  • Lucy- female skeleton 3.5 million years old
  • Footprints in Africa 3.6 million years old
old stone age begins
Old Stone Age Begins
  • Paleolithic Age- 2.5 million to 8000 BC
    • Stone age
    • Oldest stone chopping tools
  • Neolithic Age- 8000 to 3000 BC
    • Polish stone tools
    • Make pottery
    • Grow crops/raise animals
homo habilis
Homo Habilis
  • 2.5 million years ago
  • Found in southern and eastern Africa
  • Means man of skill
  • Used tools
homo erectus
Homo Erectus
  • Means “upright man”
  • Knowledge of tools
  • Skillful hunters
  • Tools for digging, scraping and cutting
  • First to migrate out of Africa
  • First to use fire
  • Language
homo sapiens
Homo Sapiens
  • Means “wise man”
  • Neanderthal man- 200,000 to 30,000
    • Religious beliefs, rituals
    • Lived in caves
    • Cut up and skinned prey
    • Survived ice age
    • Flute 43,000 to 80,000 years
    • Cave painting 35,000 years
homo sapiens1
Homo Sapiens
  • Cro-Magnon
    • 40,000 years ago
    • Identical to modern humans
    • 5 feet tall
    • Migrated to Europe and Asia
    • Hunting strategies
    • Spoken language
cave paintings
Cave Paintings
  • Appear in
    • France (Europe)
    • Algeria (Africa)
    • Argentina (South America)
    • Australia
    • All show features of humans or animals or both
    • Three basic colors, yellow, black, red
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