Null instantiation
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Null Instantiation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 129 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Null Instantiation. Nina Jagtiani and Chris Sams  7420 Fall 2006. FrameNet. What is Null Instantiation?. There are cases where arguments are semantically present, but absent syntactically. Semantically, we can categorize the missing argument by how it is interpreted.

Download Presentation

Null Instantiation

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Null instantiation

Null Instantiation

Nina Jagtiani

and Chris Sams

 7420 Fall 2006


Framenet

FrameNet


What is null instantiation

What is Null Instantiation?

  • There are cases where arguments are semantically present, but absent syntactically.

  • Semantically, we can categorize the missing argument by how it is interpreted.

  • Syntactically, we can categorize the missing argument by how it is licensed.


Semantic classification

Semantic Classification

  • Indefinite Null Instantiation (INI)

    • Jena ate.

    • The referent of the missing argument is not recoverable from the text.

  • Definite Null Instantiation (DNI)

    • I told you already. (tell, inform, and notify)

    • The referent should be recoverable from the context.


Semantic classification contd

Semantic Classification contd.

  • Constructional Null Instantiation (CNI)

    • Harsh things were said.

    • Tell me about yourself.

    • The referent that is missing is determined by the syntactic construction. (Passives and imperatives allow an unexpressed argument.)


Syntactic classification

Syntactic Classification

  • Lexical- The potential for a missing argument comes from the lexical entry of the licensing head e.g. ‘eat’ allows INI of it’s object, but ‘devour’ does not

  • Systemic- Japanese any argument pro-drop (must be nice) and Spanish ‘pro-drop’. Systemic pro-drop allows DNI.


A claim about the theory

A claim about the theory...

  • No language allows INI of subjects.

  • What is Will’s take on the claim?


Will has reviewed the literature and has a concern

Will has reviewed the literature, and has a concern...

  • The German Impersonal Passive

    • Hier wird nicht geparkt. (No parking here)

    • Im Gang wird nicht geraucht (No smoking in the corridor)

    • Here we seem to have a INI of the subject.


What about japanese

What about Japanese?

  • Tabeta

    • I/you/he ate or I/you/he ate it.

    • Who ate it?

    • The context determines the meaning.


Evidence for the argument being present on the conceptual level

Evidence for the argument being present on the conceptual level

  • From Koenig (1993)

  • La correspondante elle (les) admirait aussi.

  • The corrispondent she (them) admired also.

  • Je lui ai fait manger chaudes.

  • I him have made eat (them) hot


Motion fillmore 1986

Motion (Fillmore 1986)

  • Many motion verbs of location, allow DNI of the location SOURCE (leave, depart) GOAL (arrive or come) and LANDMARK (pass or cross).

  • The solution occurred to me right before I left ( ) at 4pm.

  • However, with ficitive motion as in ‘the highway passes’ the LANDMARK is not subject to omission.

  • The highway passes (Springdale) before heading in an easterly direction.


Focal ellipsis

Focal Ellipsis

  • Let’s look at page 367


Focal ellipsis1

Focal Ellipsis

  • What is missing is a focus rather than a referent that has active discourse status and/or bears the pragmatic relation to the proposition expressed by the clause (Ruppenhofer p. 367)


A nice chart

A nice chart

  • Let’s look at page 368


Blocked complements

Blocked Complements

  • Page 371-72


Of ni of certain verbs

% of NI of certain verbs

  • Page 423


Syntactic properties of various omission types

Syntactic Properties of Various Omission Types

  • Page 428


Where to go from here

Where to go from here?

  • Problems: incorporation p. 476

  • Cross linguistic concerns?

  • Is it possible to predict which element of a given verb frame will be NI?


  • Login