Development and poverty reduction strategy
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M o n t e n e g r o. DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY. Snežana Mijušković, Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Welfare, Head of the PRSP M&E Unit Thessaloniki, May 26-27 , 2005. Ongoing activities. Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy , 2003 (2004-2006) ;

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DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY

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Development and poverty reduction strategy

M o n t e n e g r o

DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY

Snežana Mijušković, Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Welfare, Head of the PRSP M&E Unit

Thessaloniki, May 26-27, 2005


Ongoing activities

Ongoing activities

  • Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy,2003(2004-2006);

  • Realization of projects within different sectors;

  • Strategic document referred to different problems solution – defined;

  • Monitoringa andevaluation system – institutionalized;

  • Establishing priorities (methodology defined and work of WGs reestablished)


Project status

Project status

  • Over 400 projects were defined (2004-2006)

  • Financial resources planned for realization


Forthcoming activities

Forthcoming activities

  • Completing prioritization process (regional conference, national conference);

  • Publishing data on poverty profile for 2004;

  • Developing First Progress Report;

  • Costing;

  • Making link with budget;

  • Continuation of the monitoring and evaluation activities;

  • Defining system of indicators (determining values to be reached).


Dprs labor market characteristics

DPRS – Labor market - characteristics

  • Employment– 154.300 persons (39.9 % women)

  • Unemployment

    - Unemployment rate – 22.3 %

    - Unfavorable ratio between employment and unemployment – 1:2.2

    - Duration

    - Gender inequality

    - High share of youth in unemployment

    - Unbalance between offer and demand of labor force

    - Regional disharmony

    - Hidden employment

    - High unemployment rate among vulnerable population


Dprs labor market

DPRS – Labor Market

  • Goals :

    1. Labor legislation reform

    2. Stimulation of new employment

    3. Development and SME sector capacity building


Dprs labor market labor legislation reform

DPRS – Labor market – Labor legislation reform

- Making prerequisites for dynamic employment growth and greater labor force mobility;

- Harmonization with ILO standards and EU regulations.


Dprs labor market stimulation of new employment

DPRS – Labor market- Stimulation of new employment

  • Stimulation of entrepreneurship

    a) Increasing competence of enterprises, products and services

    b) Stimulation of export

    c) Creation of institutional framework for accelerated entrepreneurship development

  • Increasing new employment

    a) Opening new jobs

    b) Legalization of hidden employment

    c) retraining and additional training of the unemployed and redundancies

    d) Substitution of the work of non-residents

  • Ensuring preconditions for new, primarily foreign investment


Dprs labor market development and sme capacity building

DPRS – Labor market- Development and SME capacity building

  • Increasing number of SMEs in private sector

  • Increasing diversity among SMEs

  • Increasing competence

  • Increasing participation of SMEs in foreign strategic alliances and arrangements of joint investments

  • Increasing SMEs share in GDP

  • Increasing SMEs share in total employment


Dprs labor market1

DPRS – Labor market

  • Increasing RAE employment

  • Increasing employment of the disabled

  • Increasing employment of refugees and IDPs


Dprs labor market effects

DPRS – Labor Market- effects

  • Decreased unemployment rate (2002 – 24%, 2004 – 22.3%);

  • “Program on legalization of existing and new job creation”;

    - Decree on tax relieves for the unemployed (tax relieves were related to 59.566persons);

    - Decree on labor engagement of non-residents (2.5€ per day – there were 50.024 persons engaged).


Dprs labor market limitations

DPRS – Labor market - limitations

  • Lack of financial resources for program implementation;

  • Underdeveloped monitoring mechanisms ;

  • Incompatibility of sectoral policies;

  • Lack of awareness of the limitations in the Budget resources;

  • Unbalance among average wage (195.2 € – 2004), poverty line116.2 € consumer basket (244.07 € – 2004).


Labor market policies of the government of montenegro

Labor market : Policies of the Government of Montenegro

  • “Program on continuing stimulation of new employment and entrepreneurship in Montenegro” – two credit line groups;

  • “Legalization of existing and new job creation”;

  • Preparation for quality improvement of the labor force offer (training, additional training,retraining, specialization);

  • Program on season employment;

  • Program on apprentice employment;

  • Program of public works;

  • Program on employment of non-residents;

  • Program on employment of the disabled;

  • Program on RAE employment;

  • Program on professionalne orientation.


Monitoring and evaluation unit

Monitoring and Evaluation Unit

www.mnprsp.vlada.cg.yu

e-mail:[email protected]

phone: ++ 381 81 482 494


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