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WARM UP. GRAB A BOOK & Turn to page 998 Read “Nelson Mandela: Glory and Hope” Complete the 3 “Analyzing Primary Resources” Questions at the bottom TURN IN WHEN FINISHED. The History of South Africa. Chapter 29 sec 2 Chapter 36 sec 4

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Warm up

WARM UP

  • GRAB A BOOK & Turn to page 998

  • Read “Nelson Mandela: Glory and Hope”

  • Complete the 3 “Analyzing Primary Resources” Questions at the bottom

  • TURN IN WHEN FINISHED


The history of south africa

The History of South Africa

Chapter 29 sec 2

Chapter 36 sec 4

EQ: Why did South Africa become one of the few European colonies in Africa? How did the development of apartheid impact Africans?


South africa the beginning

South Africa: The Beginning

  • As previously mentioned, the Dutch started a colony in South Africa in 1652

  • When they stepped off the boat at Cape Town, they found open temperate farm land protected by high cliffs


South africa the beginning1

South Africa: The Beginning

  • When they stepped off the boat…THERE WAS NO ONE THERE…

  • So, they claimed themselves to the “White Tribe” of Africa and started calling themselves Afrikaaners

  • Yes, they eventually ran into scattered native populations

  • Like our “Native Americans”, they befriended them, even married them and had children with them > a “colored” social class emerges (more later)

  • The Cape Colony exists independent and peaceful for almost 200 years


Trouble

Trouble!

  • Along come the British (early 1800s)…with dreams of expanding their empire in Africa from “Cairo to the Cape”…and the Dutch stood in their way

  • The British establish port colonies in South Africa

  • A race to claim territory (British vs. Dutch = Great Trek) in South Africa’s interior begins with British settlement > Dutch establish new colonies in the northeast

  • As a part of this settlement race, the British import their “slave” labor from India and China


The natives fight back

The Natives Fight Back

  • Awaiting the British and Dutch in the north eastern interior of South Africa are vast amounts of tribal Africans (Khoi Khois, Sans, Swazis and Zulus)

  • Added in the mix is the eventual discovery of VAST mineral resources (diamonds and gold) in the north central Veld of South Africa

  • Britain hatches a plan to dominate Southern Africa

    • 1) They align with the Dutch to fight and conquer these “barbaric” peoples [First Boer War (aka Zulu Wars) 1880s]. Both groups win.

    • 2) Then, the British, after aligning with some native groups in Lesotho and Swaziland, attack the Dutch in order to conquer them (Second Boer War, 1899-1902). The British win!


The british deception

The British Deception

  • The British lie…they convinced the natives that the Dutch would enslave them (not true given that the Dutch had already intermarried with them)

  • The British rule South Africa under military control…until 1910…when they loosen the military control and grant the area “autonomy” to rule but still pay homage to the crown

  • This is the root of the apartheid system…Anger that the natives attacked the Afrikaaners with the British


Apartheid explained

Apartheid Explained

  • The Afrikaaners/Boers move to geographically segregate all blacks as punishment for their alliance w/the British

  • They identify portions (undesirable land) of their territory to forced all blacks to live on…called “homelands”

  • Then, they created a legal (by law) social hierarchy


Apartheid s social rankings

Apartheid’s Social Rankings

  • Racial Classification

    • 1) White (Afrikaaners, Europeans, etc) = 14%

    • 2) Asians (imported labor) = 4%

    • 3) Cape colored = 10%

    • 4) African Blacks = 72%

  • Of course there was resistance to all of this…


For the remainder of time

For the remainder of time…

  • Chapter 36 section 4 worksheet/quiz…DUE TOMORROW

  • Tomorrow: Biography – Nelson Mandela

    • This video will also highlight the reactions by Black South Africans to Apartheid


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