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The King’s Crusade. The 3 rd Crusade 1191. Richard the Lionheart : King of England. Saw Saladin as an exciting enemy Defeated Cyprus on way, used $ from to fund crusade Tried 4 times to take Jerusalem Treaty with Saladin Captured by Austrians Died of infected stab wound on way home.

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the king s crusade

The King’s Crusade

The 3rd Crusade 1191

richard the lionheart king of england
Richard the Lionheart: King of England
  • Saw Saladin as an exciting enemy
  • Defeated Cyprus on way, used $ from to fund crusade
  • Tried 4 times to take Jerusalem
  • Treaty with Saladin
  • Captured by Austrians
  • Died of infected stab wound on way home
barbarossa king of germany
Barbarossa, King of Germany
  • First to join up
  • Marched through Hungary and Byzantium
  • Never reached Holy Land
  • Fell of horse and drowned in his armor
  • Most of Germans returned home
phillip ii of france
Phillip II of France
  • One Eyed
  • Joined up w.Rich in Italy
  • Mainly had to go so England wouldn’t‘ conquer France while he was gone.
  • Unable to defeat Saladin, left for France
meanwhile back in england
Meanwhile back in England
  • King only in country for less than 6 months!
  • Taxed to pay for the 3rd Crusade
  • Taxed by the queen mother to pay for Richard’s ransom
  • Taxed to pay for Richard’s war against France the moment he was freed.
  • Bankrupted by war and ransom
  • Had Richard’s horrible brother take over…
the bad king john
The Bad King John
  • Killed his nephew to steal the throne
  • Took a 12 year old wife
  • Got excommunicated
  • Locked up women and children who protested his actions
  • Raised taxes (again) to go to war in France
  • Made enemies of nobles w/punishments and taxes
the magna carta
The Magna Carta
  • 1215: war in France going badly
  • BKJ asked for more taxes…again
  • Nobles met him by the river Thames
  • Made a deal: taxes for rights
    • Justice, Taxation w/consent only, Jury Trial
    • For the first time, the King was also subject to the law!
the first parliament
The First Parliament
  • 1300:
  • Taxed again for more war in France
  • Nobles flipped out
  • Captured the king and ruled in his name for over a year
  • Assembled nobles, clergy, knights, and reps from each town = first form of democracy since Rome where everyone gets a say in government
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