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The Impact of Previous Experiences on Parent School Trust. Ciara Smalls Department of Psychology University of Michigan. Overview. Parent School Trust in Predominately White Schools General School Trust Racial School Trust Previous Experiences Racial Discrimination Experiences

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The impact of previous experiences on parent school trust

The Impact of Previous Experiences on Parent School Trust

Ciara Smalls

Department of Psychology

University of Michigan


Overview
Overview

  • Parent School Trust in Predominately White Schools

    • General School Trust

    • Racial School Trust

  • Previous Experiences

    • Racial Discrimination Experiences

    • Previous School Experiences


Why is school trust important
Why is school trust important?

  • Research has explored teacher trust in parents and students (Goddard, Tschannen-Moran, & Hoy, 2001).

  • Work has examined how parental trust in school influences communication with teachers/school.

  • Less work has explored the role of parents’ past experiences.

  • Racial trust as a factor for parents of Black youth predominately white schools.


Parental school trust
Parental School Trust

  • General School Trust- belief that school personnel uphold the best interest of the child.

  • Racial School Trust- belief that school personnel treat the child in a racially equitable way.


Parent past experiences
Parent Past Experiences

  • Past Experiences with School-parent’s positive school experiences growing up.

  • Past Experiences with Racial Discrimination- frequency of parent reported racial discrimination.


Additional factors
Additional Factors

  • Racial Centrality- viewing race as a core part of one’s self-concept.

  • Public Regard- feeling that others view African Americans positively or negatively.


Research questions
Research Questions

  • Are previous discrimination and school experiences related to school trust (general & racial)?

    • Hyp1: Higher levels of racial discrimination will predict lower levels of school trust.

    • Hyp2: positive past school experiences will be related to higher levels of school trust

  • Are child and parent characteristics (gender and parent racial identity) related to school trust?


Method
Method

Sample

  • 180 African American caregiver-child dyads from a small Midwestern city.

  • Participants consisted of students in grades 7-11 who self-identified as African American and their primary caregiver.

  • 157 mothers (81%), 19 fathers (9.8%), and caregiver age range was 30 to 74 (M=43).

  • 104 female teens (58%) and teen ages ranged from 12 to 17 (M=14).


Past experience measures
Past Experience Measures

  • Caregiver Past School Experiences (3 items)

    • Sample item: “School was exciting for me.”

  • Racial Discrimination Experiences (17 items)

    - Sample item: “Over your lifetime, how often have you been treated disrespectfully because of your race?”


School trust measures
School Trust Measures

  • General School Trust (3 items)

    • “I would feel comfortable talking with the child’s teachers about his/her performance in school.”

    • “In general, I trust the child’s school.”

  • Racial School Trust (4 items)

    • “I believe that the child’s teachers are sensitive to the cultural needs of Black children.”

    • “I see the child’s school as a supportive place for Black children.”



Discrimination and past school experiences on general school trust
Discrimination and Past School Experiences on General School Trust

Parent Gender

Child Gender

Family Income

Child Grade Level

General School Trust

Parent Pub Regard

Adj. R2=.03

ParentCentrality

N.S.

p<.05, p<.01


Discrimination and past school experiences on general school trust1
Discrimination and Past School Experiences on General School Trust

Parent Gender

Child Gender

Family Income

Child Grade Level

General School Trust

Parent Pub Regard

-.17*

.32**

Adj. R2=.14

ParentCentrality

Past School Exper.

Discrimination Exper.

N.S.

p<.05, p<.01


Discrimination and past school experiences on racial school trust
Discrimination and Past School Experiences on Racial School Trust

Parent Gender

Child Gender

Family Income

Child Grade Level

Racial School Trust

.22**

Parent Pub Regard

Adj. R2=.02

Parent Centrality

N.S.

p<.05, p<.01 p<.001


Discrimination and past school experiences on racial school trust1
Discrimination and Past School Experiences on Racial School Trust

Parent Gender

Child Gender

Family Income

Child Grade Level

Racial School Trust

Parent Pub Regard

.33***

Adj. R2=.13

Parent Centrality

Past School Exper.

Discrimination Exper.

N.S.

p<.05, p<.01 p<.001


Summary of results
Summary of Results Trust

  • Both past school experiences and racial discrimination predicted general trust.

  • Past school experiences predicted racial trust.

  • Perhaps racial identity moderates discrimination and racial trust.


Conclusions
Conclusions Trust

  • Past experiences play an important role on parental school trust

  • Future studies should further explore parent past experiences

  • Future studies can also explore public regard as a moderator for school racial trust



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