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European Media. Clare Murphy. Overview. World’s second smallest continent 3,930,000 sq mi 50 countries; 27 EU member states Democratic governments – parliamentary style with symbolic heads of state Population: 739,165,030 Euro zone GDP: US$17.55 trillion/€12.629 trillion (2011)

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european media

European Media

Clare Murphy

overview
Overview
  • World’s second smallest continent
    • 3,930,000 sq mi
  • 50 countries; 27 EU member states
  • Democratic governments – parliamentary style with symbolic heads of state
  • Population: 739,165,030
  • Euro zone GDP: US$17.55 trillion/€12.629 trillion (2011)
    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-13361934
languages
Languages
  • In the EU, English (34%) is the most widely known second language.
  • Followed by German (12%) and French (11%).
  • Spanish and Russian are spoken as a foreign language by 5% of Europeans.
  • Smaller EU member states, have the best language skills as their native language is not widely spoken.
    • Luxembourg – 99%
    • Italy, Spain, Portugal – 64%
press freedom1
Press Freedom

Central and Eastern Europe/Eurasia

Western Europe

pan european media companies
Pan-European Media Companies
  • Multilingual news television channel with a Pan-European perspective
  • Rolling news channel
  • 155 countries
  • “No Comment” segment
    • http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKaga4lkTL0KilWyDq6IL0-WqiNiXFu4Y
  • http://www.euronews.com/
belgium
Belgium
  • Population: 10.7 million
  • Capital: Brussels - EU
  • Languages: Dutch, French, German
  • GNI per capita: US $45,910 (2010)
    • Member of euro zone
  • Best European legislation for protecting sources
  • Media ownership is highly concentrated based on region
  • Online
    • 8.5 million internet users
    • Netlog – 80 million users
  • Television/Radio
    • Flanders: VRT
      • Radio 1, Studio Brussels, RVI
    • Wallonia: RTBF
      • La Premiere, Classic 21, RTBF International
    • Euronews
    • Actua-TV
      • http://www.actua.tv/
  • Press
    • Het LaatsteNieuws
      • Flemmish
      • 292,410 copies
    • Het Nieuwsblad
      • 210,000 copies
      • “a broad view”
    • SudPresse
      • French
      • 115,838 copies
greece
Greece
  • Population: 11.4 million
  • Language: Greek
  • GNI per capita: US $25,030 (2011)
    • Member of euro zone
  • Television/Radio
    • TV
      • ERT – public, entertainment based/regional news
      • Mega TV, ANT1, Alpha TV – major private stations
    • Radio
      • Several commercial networks – Antenna FM, Athena 984 (first non-state radios)
      • ERA – public radio
  • Limits on speech
  • Publications exist that are obscene, offend religious beliefs or advocate violent overthrow of the government
  • Public/private media are generally free from government control, but state-owned stations will have pro-government bias
  • Media owners have close relationship with government officials – lack of debate surrounding key issues
  • 2007 media law
    • Radio must be broadcast in Greek
    • Radio stations must hold a designated amount of money/full time staff
  • Growing violence against journalists
  • Financial crisis – media cuts
  • Press
    • Eleftherotypia
      • “freedom of the press”; independent voice
      • Went on strike in December 2011
    • Kathimerini
      • New Democracy; Right Wing
  • Online
    • 53 percent
press issues
Press Issues
  • HUMO Magazine
  • November 2008
  • published several satirical photo montages of Sylvie Ricour, commenting on her controversial appointment as secretary to the Federal Police Chief FernandKoekelberg
  • Obscene content; 250 euros for each copy of the magazine remaining on newsstands
  • “became an open and chosen target of a section of the militants. Home-made explosives made out of gas canisters have been used against several media and several journalists received regular death threats.” – RWB
  • Revolutionary Sect
    • “Journalists, this time we came to your door, next time you will find us inside”
  • Self censorship
  • http://www.france24.com/en/20100719-greek-journalist-giolias-shot-dead-athens-police-suspect-terrorist-group

Belgium

Greece

coverage
Coverage
  • Euro zone crisis, London Olympics
    • Within Europe
      • http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/interactive/2012/oct/17/eurozone-crisis-interactive-timeline-three-years
    • American viewpoint
      • Greece
      • Television/newspaper coverage
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