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Gathering the Nations to Arma- (heap of sheaves) gai- (in the valley) don (of judgment). Daniel 11:1-39 – an overview. Kg of North. Kg of South. V1: Darius the Mede V2: 3 more kings follow Darius, then a 4 th who stirs up the ire of Greece

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Gathering the Nations to Arma- (heap of sheaves) gai- (in the valley) don (of judgment)

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Gathering the Nations to Arma-

(heap of sheaves)

gai-

(in the valley) don

(of judgment)


Daniel 11:1-39 – an overview

Kg of North

Kg of South

V1: Darius the Mede

V2:3 more kings follow Darius,

then a 4th who stirs up the

ire of Greece

V3:Alexander; Greeks replace Persians as world rulers

V4:Alex dies childless and empire ruled by 4 generals (“not of his posterity”)

V5-35:2 of the 4 generals depicted as “king of the north” and “king of the south”; constant battles

V36-39:Roman empire replaces Grecian, a new religion to emerge, led by a ‘strange god’ who introduces new forms of worship


Daniel 11 describes the continuous battles between the kings of North and South

Antigonid

Helenistic

Seleucid – King of North

Ptolemaic – King of South


Battle between the kings of North and South continue to latter day – vv40-45

The Replication Principle: God uses the same historical symbol for a latter day power because the conditions are the same

“At the time of the end…”

Same 2 territories to be at war in the latter days

Seleucid – King of North

Present day countries:

Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan

Ptolemaic – King of South


Battle between the kings of North and South continue to latter day/end times – vv40-45

Present day countries:

Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan

Ptolemaic – King of South


A comparison of Ezek 38 and Dan 11

  • Invasions occur in the same time period

    Ezek: in the latter years, the latter days (v8,16)

    Dan: the time of the end (11:40)

  • Israel is the nation invaded (38:8,14,16,18) (11:41,45)

    Ezek: upon the mtns of Israel, land of Israel, my people Israel

    Dan: he shall enter the glorious land…the glorious mountain

  • The description of the invader is identical (38:4,15)

    Ezek: all thine army, horses, horsemen, a great company

    Dan: with chariots and with horsemen (11:40)

  • The invader moves at a devastating speed, mounts an overwhelming attack

    Ezek: like a storm to cover the land (v9)

    Dan: like a whirlwind (11:40)

  • The invader comes out of the north

    Ezek: from thy place out of the north (38:6,15; 39:2)

    Dan: the king of the north (11:40)


A comparison of Ezek 38 and Dan 11

The method of taking each of the prophetic pieces and adding them together, to form a single, composite picture that tells the same end of the story becomes a key to understanding latter day prophecy; Ezek 38 and Dan 11:40-45 must harmonize

  • He is confederate with the same allies

    Ezek:Ethiopia and Libya (38:5)

    Dan: Ethiopia and Libya (11:43)

  • His motivation is for financial wealth(38:12,13) (11:43)

    Ezek: to take a spoil and a prey; to carry away silver and gold

    Dan: he seeks the gold and silver and precious things of Egypt

  • He enjoys killing Jews

    Ezek: has an evil thought, seeks a prey (people) (38:10,12)

    Dan: to destroy with great fury, to make away many (11:44)

  • The invading army is miraculously destroyed by divine intervention (38:21-22) (12:1)

    Ezek: I will call for a sword against him…will plead against him

    Dan: at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince

  • The destruction of the invader occurs in the same location

    Ezek: upon the mountains of Israel (39:4)

    Dan: (in land of Israel) between the seas + glorious mtn (11:45)


Daniel 11:40-45 adds additional details

  • Israel isn’t the only nation invaded, many countries are as the King of the North moves south, “overflowing and passing over” (v40)

  • The invader comes “like a whirlwind” (tornado)

  • Gog comes with a navy (v40)

  • Gog doesn’t stop at Israel, Egypt is also a target

  • Jordan (Edom and Moab) escape the invasion

  • The destruction of Gog doesn’t happen until after he has passed through the Holy Land, conquered Egypt, and then returns to Israel

  • Jerusalem will be captured by Gog and be the focus of his attention when he is destroyed


Rev 16:16

“And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.”


Armageddon – the watershed moment in future world events

  • All latter day symbols/powers participate

  • A cataclysmic event, the turning point in world affairs at time of the end

  • It precipitates the establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth

  • Israel’s enemies are exposed and eliminated

  • It is called “the great and terrible day of the LORD” for good reason


Joel’s vision includes Israel’s repentance

  • Setting: the people are unfaithful

  • God brings a northern invader who conquers Israel, captures Jerusalem and Jews go into captivity

  • Following the defeat, God calls Israel to repent

  • They repent and in turn cry to God for help

  • God responds to Israel’s repentance by destroying the invader (in the valley of Jehoshaphat)

  • The nation is blessed naturally through the land and spiritually by their conversion

Israel’s repentance and conversion is a new detail added to Ezek 38 and Dan 11


Joel’s vision of Armageddon – ch 3

  • Their destruction likened to a harvest – v13

  • v14 Multitudes gathered by God in the valley of decision (threshing) to be threshed/cut apart

  • God’s judgment (Heb: shaphat) upon the nations is emphasized – v2, 12

  • Heb for ‘multitudes’ = ‘hamown’ = Gog’s burial place in Ezek 39:11 – “the valley of Hamongog”

  • The invading nations to be judged for their crimes against God’s people – vv2-5

  • The ‘shapat’ (judgment) of the nations also noted in Ezek 38:22


Joel’s vision of Armageddon – ch 3

  • Their destruction likened to a harvest – v13

  • v14 Multitudes gathered by God in the valley of decision (threshing) to be threshed/cut apart

  • God’s judgment (Heb: shaphat) upon the nations is emphasized – v2, 12

  • Heb for ‘multitudes’ = ‘hamown’ = Gog’s burial place in Ezek 39:11 – “the valley of Hamongog”

  • The invading nations to be judged for their crimes against God’s people – vv2-5

  • The ‘shapat’ (judgment) of the nations also noted in Ezek 38:22


Joel, Ezekiel, Daniel all agree

  • A latter day prophecy (2:19,26) from the north (2:20)

  • Called “the LORD’s army” (2:11), “my great army” (v25), because it will execute God’s will

  • Joel also sees 2 battles: Israel capture then contrasted with her deliverance; God roars in both instances

  • The invader’s army described as horses and horsemen (v4), arriving with rapid speed and overwhelming power (2:5-10), Jerusalem is taken

  • God appeals to Israel: you must become a new people with a new heart/walk (2:12-14)

  • Israel repents, is converted (v15-17) & God saves them

  • Invaders had arrived declaring “a holy war” (crusade) in one final anti-Semitic act– v9 (unique to Joel)


Micah’s vision of Armageddon – 4:11-13

  • Same imagery of threshing – vv12-13

  • It is God who gathers the nations – v12

  • The invaders seek to defile Israel (heb = to soil in a moral sense), to shame/humiliate her – v11

  • As in Joel 3, God will judge them because of their severe mistreatment of His people

  • The Jews (following conversion) will be used by God to tread the nations – v13 (tipped hooves – Deut 25:4)

  • It is the Messiah who brings peace (5:5); the peace existing at Gog’s invasion was only a psuedo peace

  • Hab 3:12-14 – also uses imagery of threshing and reveals the invaders rejoice over mistreating Israel


What is the evidence Ezek 38 occurs before the Kingdom is established?

  • The Jews do not return to God’s favor until after the Gogian host is destroyed (39:22)

  • If Ezek 38 occurs after Jesus reigns in Jerusalem, then Israel suffers through two invasions (cp Zech 12,14)

  • Gogian invasion is a punishment for Israel’s tres-passes (39:26); nonsensical if Christ is already ruling

  • If ch 38 chronologically follows ch 37, then Israel is invaded after God has sanctified them (37:28).

  • If Christ is already on the throne, how could Gog view Israel as being defenseless and an easy prey?

  • Why would the Gentile (Tarshish) powers feel the need to resist Gog if Christ is already Israel’s king?

  • Gog’s destruction teaches Israel (39:22) and the gentile nations (38:16,23; 39:21) that Israel’s God is Supreme; nonsensical if Christ is already ruling


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