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Gathering the Nations to Arma- (heap of sheaves) gai- (in the valley) don (of judgment) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Gathering the Nations to Arma- (heap of sheaves) gai- (in the valley) don (of judgment). Daniel 11:1-39 – an overview. Kg of North. Kg of South. V1: Darius the Mede V2: 3 more kings follow Darius, then a 4 th who stirs up the ire of Greece

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Gathering the Nations to Arma- (heap of sheaves) gai- (in the valley) don (of judgment)

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Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Gathering the Nations to Arma-

(heap of sheaves)

gai-

(in the valley) don

(of judgment)


Daniel 11 1 39 an overview

Daniel 11:1-39 – an overview

Kg of North

Kg of South

V1: Darius the Mede

V2:3 more kings follow Darius,

then a 4th who stirs up the

ire of Greece

V3:Alexander; Greeks replace Persians as world rulers

V4:Alex dies childless and empire ruled by 4 generals (“not of his posterity”)

V5-35:2 of the 4 generals depicted as “king of the north” and “king of the south”; constant battles

V36-39:Roman empire replaces Grecian, a new religion to emerge, led by a ‘strange god’ who introduces new forms of worship


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Daniel 11 describes the continuous battles between the kings of North and South

Antigonid

Helenistic

Seleucid – King of North

Ptolemaic – King of South


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Battle between the kings of North and South continue to latter day – vv40-45

The Replication Principle: God uses the same historical symbol for a latter day power because the conditions are the same

“At the time of the end…”

Same 2 territories to be at war in the latter days

Seleucid – King of North

Present day countries:

Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan

Ptolemaic – King of South


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Battle between the kings of North and South continue to latter day/end times – vv40-45

Present day countries:

Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan

Ptolemaic – King of South


A comparison of ezek 38 and dan 11

A comparison of Ezek 38 and Dan 11

  • Invasions occur in the same time period

    Ezek: in the latter years, the latter days (v8,16)

    Dan: the time of the end (11:40)

  • Israel is the nation invaded (38:8,14,16,18) (11:41,45)

    Ezek: upon the mtns of Israel, land of Israel, my people Israel

    Dan: he shall enter the glorious land…the glorious mountain

  • The description of the invader is identical (38:4,15)

    Ezek: all thine army, horses, horsemen, a great company

    Dan: with chariots and with horsemen (11:40)

  • The invader moves at a devastating speed, mounts an overwhelming attack

    Ezek: like a storm to cover the land (v9)

    Dan: like a whirlwind (11:40)

  • The invader comes out of the north

    Ezek: from thy place out of the north (38:6,15; 39:2)

    Dan: the king of the north (11:40)


A comparison of ezek 38 and dan 111

A comparison of Ezek 38 and Dan 11

The method of taking each of the prophetic pieces and adding them together, to form a single, composite picture that tells the same end of the story becomes a key to understanding latter day prophecy; Ezek 38 and Dan 11:40-45 must harmonize

  • He is confederate with the same allies

    Ezek:Ethiopia and Libya (38:5)

    Dan: Ethiopia and Libya (11:43)

  • His motivation is for financial wealth(38:12,13) (11:43)

    Ezek: to take a spoil and a prey; to carry away silver and gold

    Dan: he seeks the gold and silver and precious things of Egypt

  • He enjoys killing Jews

    Ezek: has an evil thought, seeks a prey (people) (38:10,12)

    Dan: to destroy with great fury, to make away many (11:44)

  • The invading army is miraculously destroyed by divine intervention (38:21-22) (12:1)

    Ezek: I will call for a sword against him…will plead against him

    Dan: at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince

  • The destruction of the invader occurs in the same location

    Ezek: upon the mountains of Israel (39:4)

    Dan: (in land of Israel) between the seas + glorious mtn (11:45)


Daniel 11 40 45 adds additional details

Daniel 11:40-45 adds additional details

  • Israel isn’t the only nation invaded, many countries are as the King of the North moves south, “overflowing and passing over” (v40)

  • The invader comes “like a whirlwind” (tornado)

  • Gog comes with a navy (v40)

  • Gog doesn’t stop at Israel, Egypt is also a target

  • Jordan (Edom and Moab) escape the invasion

  • The destruction of Gog doesn’t happen until after he has passed through the Holy Land, conquered Egypt, and then returns to Israel

  • Jerusalem will be captured by Gog and be the focus of his attention when he is destroyed


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Rev 16:16

“And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.”


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Armageddon – the watershed moment in future world events

  • All latter day symbols/powers participate

  • A cataclysmic event, the turning point in world affairs at time of the end

  • It precipitates the establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth

  • Israel’s enemies are exposed and eliminated

  • It is called “the great and terrible day of the LORD” for good reason


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Joel’s vision includes Israel’s repentance

  • Setting: the people are unfaithful

  • God brings a northern invader who conquers Israel, captures Jerusalem and Jews go into captivity

  • Following the defeat, God calls Israel to repent

  • They repent and in turn cry to God for help

  • God responds to Israel’s repentance by destroying the invader (in the valley of Jehoshaphat)

  • The nation is blessed naturally through the land and spiritually by their conversion

Israel’s repentance and conversion is a new detail added to Ezek 38 and Dan 11


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Joel’s vision of Armageddon – ch 3

  • Their destruction likened to a harvest – v13

  • v14 Multitudes gathered by God in the valley of decision (threshing) to be threshed/cut apart

  • God’s judgment (Heb: shaphat) upon the nations is emphasized – v2, 12

  • Heb for ‘multitudes’ = ‘hamown’ = Gog’s burial place in Ezek 39:11 – “the valley of Hamongog”

  • The invading nations to be judged for their crimes against God’s people – vv2-5

  • The ‘shapat’ (judgment) of the nations also noted in Ezek 38:22


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Joel’s vision of Armageddon – ch 3

  • Their destruction likened to a harvest – v13

  • v14 Multitudes gathered by God in the valley of decision (threshing) to be threshed/cut apart

  • God’s judgment (Heb: shaphat) upon the nations is emphasized – v2, 12

  • Heb for ‘multitudes’ = ‘hamown’ = Gog’s burial place in Ezek 39:11 – “the valley of Hamongog”

  • The invading nations to be judged for their crimes against God’s people – vv2-5

  • The ‘shapat’ (judgment) of the nations also noted in Ezek 38:22


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Joel, Ezekiel, Daniel all agree

  • A latter day prophecy (2:19,26) from the north (2:20)

  • Called “the LORD’s army” (2:11), “my great army” (v25), because it will execute God’s will

  • Joel also sees 2 battles: Israel capture then contrasted with her deliverance; God roars in both instances

  • The invader’s army described as horses and horsemen (v4), arriving with rapid speed and overwhelming power (2:5-10), Jerusalem is taken

  • God appeals to Israel: you must become a new people with a new heart/walk (2:12-14)

  • Israel repents, is converted (v15-17) & God saves them

  • Invaders had arrived declaring “a holy war” (crusade) in one final anti-Semitic act– v9 (unique to Joel)


Gathering the nations to arma heap of sheaves gai in the valley don of judgment

Micah’s vision of Armageddon – 4:11-13

  • Same imagery of threshing – vv12-13

  • It is God who gathers the nations – v12

  • The invaders seek to defile Israel (heb = to soil in a moral sense), to shame/humiliate her – v11

  • As in Joel 3, God will judge them because of their severe mistreatment of His people

  • The Jews (following conversion) will be used by God to tread the nations – v13 (tipped hooves – Deut 25:4)

  • It is the Messiah who brings peace (5:5); the peace existing at Gog’s invasion was only a psuedo peace

  • Hab 3:12-14 – also uses imagery of threshing and reveals the invaders rejoice over mistreating Israel


What is the evidence ezek 38 occurs before the kingdom is established

What is the evidence Ezek 38 occurs before the Kingdom is established?

  • The Jews do not return to God’s favor until after the Gogian host is destroyed (39:22)

  • If Ezek 38 occurs after Jesus reigns in Jerusalem, then Israel suffers through two invasions (cp Zech 12,14)

  • Gogian invasion is a punishment for Israel’s tres-passes (39:26); nonsensical if Christ is already ruling

  • If ch 38 chronologically follows ch 37, then Israel is invaded after God has sanctified them (37:28).

  • If Christ is already on the throne, how could Gog view Israel as being defenseless and an easy prey?

  • Why would the Gentile (Tarshish) powers feel the need to resist Gog if Christ is already Israel’s king?

  • Gog’s destruction teaches Israel (39:22) and the gentile nations (38:16,23; 39:21) that Israel’s God is Supreme; nonsensical if Christ is already ruling


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