Japan and the bridge of dreams the kami welcome the buddha
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Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha. Japan and Its Relationship to Asian Mainland. Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha. I. Nippon (Ch. Jih-pen ) = Source of the Sun A. Uji Period — ca. 300–552 B. Age of Reforms — 552–710

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Japan and the Bridge of Dreams: The Kami Welcome The Buddha

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Japan and the bridge of dreams the kami welcome the buddha

Japan and the Bridge of Dreams:The Kami Welcome The Buddha


Japan and its relationship to asian mainland

Japan and Its Relationship to Asian Mainland


Japan and the bridge of dreams the kami welcome the buddha1

Japan and the Bridge of Dreams:The Kami Welcome The Buddha

  • I. Nippon (Ch. Jih-pen) = Source of the Sun

  • A. Uji Period — ca. 300–552

  • B. Age of Reforms — 552–710

  • C. Nara Period — 710–794

  • D. Heian Period — 794–1185

  • E. Kamakura Period — 1185–1333

  • F. Muromachi (Ashikaga) Shoguns — 1336–1573


A uji period ca 300 552

A. Uji Period — ca. 300–552

  • 1. rice (from China)

  • 2. paper (from China)

  • 3. ink (from Korea)

  • 4. ideographs and calligraphy (from China)

  • 5. religion — Shinto

  • 6. political views (differ from Chinese)


B age of reforms 552 710

B. Age of Reforms — 552–710

  • 1. Buddhism Introduced — 552 (or 538)

  • 2. Shōtoku Taishi (regent: 593–622)

  • 3. Taika (Great Reform)


Shinto

Shinto

  • Amaterasu – Sun Goddess

  • Susanoo – Ocean God

  • Kami – deities


Japan and the bridge of dreams the kami welcome the buddha

Kami

  • 18th-century Shinto revivalist Motoori Norinaga (1730–1801):

  • “The word kami refers, in the most general sense, to all divine beings of heaven and earth that appear in the classics. More particularly, the kami are the spirits that abide in and are worshipped at the shrines. In principle human beings, birds, animals, trees, plants, mountains, oceans—all may be kami. According to ancient usage, whatever seemed strikingly impressive, possessed the quality of excellence, or inspired a feeling of awe was called kami.”


1 buddhism introduced 552 or 538

1. Buddhism Introduced — 552 (or 538

  • a. Mahayana

  • b. becomes state religion — 685


2 sh toku taishi regent 593 622

2. Shōtoku Taishi (regent: 593–622)

  • a. “the Ruler in the Land Where the Sun Rises”

  • b. Seventeen Article Constitution — 604

  • c. adopted Chinese calendar — 604

  • twelve ranks for court officials (kabune system)

  • — 603 (revised 684, 701)


Sh toku taishi 572 622 regent 593 622

Shōtoku Taishi(572–622; regent: 593–622)

Prince Shotoku flanked by younger brother (left Prince Eguri) and first son (right: Prince Yamashiro), drawn by an unknown artist (8th century)


3 taika great reform

3. Taika (Great Reform)

  • a. all land put under public ownership/based on Tang system — 646

  • b. nation-wide system of post roads

  • c. uniform system of taxation


C nara period 710 794

C. Nara Period — 710–794

  • 1. geomancy used to select site of capital

  • 2. Horyuji — seat of Buddhist power


Nara kyoto area

Nara – Kyoto Area


D heian period 794 1185

D. Heian Period — 794–1185

  • 1. capital moved to Heian-Kyo (Kyoto) [influenced by plan of Chang-an]

  • 2. formalized court etiquette

  • 3. poetry writing (31 syllables; limited topics)

  • 4. calligraphy


D heian period 794 11851

D. Heian Period — 794–1185

  • 5. memoirs, diaries, and the world's first novel

  • a. Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji (Monogatari)

  • b. Murasaki Shikibu, Diary and Poetic Memoirs

  • c. Izumi Shikibu, Diary

  • d. Sei Shōnagan, Pillow Book

  • e. Sarashina, As I Crossed a Bridge of Dreams

  • 6. Fujiwara Epoch — 866–1068 (regents)


Murasaki shikibu at ishiyama dera 1767

Murasaki Shikibu at Ishiyama-dera (1767)

Woodblock by Suzuki Harunobo (1724−1770)

Boston Museum of Fine Arts


Japan and the bridge of dreams the kami welcome the buddha

Murasaki Shikibu, depicted by Tosa Mitsuoki (1617−1691), from his illustrations of The Tale of Genji (late 17th century)


Japan and the bridge of dreams the kami welcome the buddha

In this 13th-century painting, from the Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emakimono, drunk, disarranged, and disordered Heian courtiers are shown joking and flirting with court ladies.


Sei sh nagon shown gazing at the snow 1872 painting by utagawa yoshitora

Sei Shōnagon shown gazing at the snow (1872), painting by Utagawa Yoshitora


Toda ji great southern gate with sika deer

Toda-ji Great Southern Gate with sika deer


Toda ji main gate 13 th century

Toda-ji Main Gate (13th century)


Todai ji great southern gate from isuien garden

Todai-ji Great Southern Gate from Isuien Garden


Layout of old and new kyoto

Layout of Old and New Kyoto


Miniature model of nagaokakyo chodoin old kyoto

Miniature model of Nagaokakyo Chodoin (Old Kyoto)


The heian capital kyoto

The Heian Capital (Kyoto)


Model of heian kyo

Model of Heian-kyo


Zao gongen heian period 11th 12th century japan gilt bronze

Zao Gongen, Heian period, 11th–?12th century, Japan, Gilt bronze


E kamakura period 1185 1333

E. Kamakura Period — 1185–1333


Alleged portrait of minamoto no yoritomo 1147 1199 shogun 1192 1199

Alleged portrait of Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147−1199; Shogun 1192−1199)


F muromachi ashikaga shoguns 1336 1573

F. Muromachi (Ashikaga) Shoguns — 1336–1573


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