Promoting fair housing choice in st lawrence county november 8 2010
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Promoting Fair Housing Choice in St. Lawrence County November 8, 2010. Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing. Overview of Agenda. Welcome Fundamentals of Fair Housing Known Fair Housing Impediments in SLC Other Existing Impediments Identify & Prioritize Strategies Where We Go From Here

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Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing

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Promoting fair housing choice in st lawrence county november 8 2010

Promoting Fair Housing Choice in

St. Lawrence County

November 8, 2010

Analysis of Impedimentsto Fair Housing


Overview of agenda

Overview of Agenda

  • Welcome

  • Fundamentals of Fair Housing

  • Known Fair Housing Impediments in SLC

  • Other Existing Impediments

  • Identify & Prioritize Strategies

  • Where We Go From Here

  • Lunch!


Fair housing act of 1968

Fair Housing Act of 1968

  • Prohibits housing discrimination based on:

    • Race or color

    • National origin

    • Religion

    • Sex

    • Familial status

    • Disability


Affirmatively furthering fair housing

Affirmatively FurtheringFair Housing

  • Act mandates HUD to make equal housing choice a reality

  • Grantees required to certify they will affirmatively further fair housing when they accept HUD funds

  • Applies to all housing activities; not just restricted to HUD funded programs


What does this mean

What Does this Mean?

  • Conduct an analysis to identify impediments to fair housing choice

  • Take action to overcome impediments

  • Document actions taken


Fair housing impediments

Fair Housing Impediments

Can be deliberate:

  • Actions, omissions or decisions that restrict housing choice based on a person’s race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status or national origin


Fair housing impediments1

Fair Housing Impediments

Can also be inadvertent:

  • An action, omission or decision which has the effect of restricting housing choice based on race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status or national origin

  • In both instances, it’s the end result on the protected class


Today s anticipated outcomes

Today’s Anticipated Outcomes

  • Barriers to Equal Housing Choice in SLC Identified

  • Strategies to Overcome Barriers Developed & Prioritized


Barriers to equal housing opportunity in slc

Barriers to Equal Housing Opportunity in SLC

  • A review of known barriers

  • Discuss other barriers not identified


Known impediments in slc

Known Impediments in SLC

  • Resources:

    • HUD Data based on 2000 Census

    • North Country HOME Consortium 2006-2010 Consolidated Plan

    • DHCR 2008-2009 North Country Affordable Housing Report


2000 hud data for slc

40,524 households

29% are renters (11,885 units)

71% are owners (28,639)

2000 HUD Data for SLC


Mobility and self care limitation

Mobility and Self Care Limitation

  • 1+ person with long lasting condition that substantially limits one or more basic activity, or a physical, mental or emotional condition lasting more than 6 months

  • 9,000 households

    • 6,115 are owners (45% are seniors)

    • 2,885 are renters (41% are seniors)


Income

Income

  • 2000 Median Family Income = $38,510

    • 80% = $30,808 (Moderate)

    • 50% = $19,255 (Low)

    • 30% = $11,553 (Very Low)


Housing cost burden

Housing Cost Burden

  • No more than 30% of annual income on housing costs.

  • Families who pay more than 30% are considered cost burdened and may have difficulty affording necessities such as food, clothing, transportation and medical care.


Housing costs

Housing Costs

  • Renters:

    • Rent

    • Utilities

  • Owners:

    • Mortgage payment

    • Taxes

    • Insurance

    • Utilities


Housing problems

Housing Problems

  • Definition:

    • Housing cost burden >30% of gross income

    • Overcrowding (>1 per room)

    • Without complete kitchen/plumbing facilities

    • 41% of all renters (4,825 units)

    • 20% of all owners (5,785)


North country home consortium consolidated plan

North Country HOME Consortium Consolidated Plan

  • 86,295 households, 4% minority

  • Highest concentration of very low income households in SLC (43%)

  • 62% of Native households in SLC

    • 46% were very low income


Income housing

Income & Housing

  • Affordable housing problems directly related to income

    • 73% of all renter households with low and very low income report problems with housing


Resource constraints

Resource Constraints

  • Competitive funding awards remain flat

  • Rising construction costs

  • Lead abatement threshold unchanged


Public housing authorities

Public Housing Authorities

  • 4 PHAs, 788 units total

  • Low vacancy rates, long waiting lists

  • Elderly units harder to fill

  • Greatest demand is for family units (esp. 2 bedroom)


Section 8 assistance

Section 8 Assistance

  • 759 units total

  • At 95% capacity, 40 vacant units

  • Waiting list of 500 individuals


Emergency transitional housing

Emergency/Transitional Housing

  • Renewal House, 9 beds

  • Single Room Occupancy, 41

  • North Country Freedom Homes, 16

  • Transitional Living Svcs of NNY, 14


Dhcr north country affordable housing reports

DHCR North CountryAffordable Housing Reports

  • Type, location and condition of housing stock

  • Housing Preservation Resources


Stick built homes

Stick Built Homes

  • Majority built before WWII

    • Considerable deferred maintenance

  • More likely to be substandard outside population centers


Mobile homes

Mobile Homes

  • 13.7% of housing stock comprises of mobile and manufactured housing

  • Value tends to decline over time

  • Primarily assisted via WAP ($7,500)


Rental units

Rental Units

  • Less than 20% of housing stock has 2+ units

    • Many developed via USDA RD Section 515 Program

  • Affordable units not energy efficient

  • In high demand in college towns


Emergency transition housing

Emergency/Transition Housing

  • Too few emergency shelters

  • Oversubscribed

    • Rely on local motels

    • Relocate outside region

    • Move in with family/friends


Adirondack park

Adirondack Park

  • In APA, 8% of land available for high density development

  • Burgeoning second/seasonal home market


Preservation resources

Preservation Resources

  • Good paying jobs

  • Active enforcement in population centers

  • More lead-certified & NYSERDA contractors


Questions feedback

Questions & Feedback

  • What other impediments exist in SLC?

    • What wasn’t covered

    • What should be emphasized

  • What has changed since these reports were published?


5 minute break

5 Minute Break

Reconvene in Groups


Brainstorming strategies

Brainstorming Strategies

  • Breakout into Groups

    • What can we do to overcome these impediments?


Group reports

Group Reports

  • Report on strategies

  • Categorize strategies

    • Group similar issues together


Prioritizing strategies

Prioritizing Strategies

  • Sticky Dot Vote

    • Significance of issue

    • Resources available

    • How quickly can issue be addressed


Review priorities

Review Priorities

  • Develop Activity Timelines

    • Implemented by stakeholders at local level


What s next

What’s Next

  • Electronic distribution of today’s workshop

  • Reviving County’s Fair Housing Task Force

  • Use of email distribution list


Sources

Sources:

  • HUD Data:

    http://socds.huduser.org/chas/index.htm

  • North Country HOME Consortium 2007 – 2010 Consolidated Plan:

    http://danc.org/downloads/Consolidated%20Plan.pdf

  • 2008-2009 North Country Affordable Housing Needs Study:

    http://nysdhcr.gov/Publications/HousingNeedsStudy


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