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Plot & Setting. Unit 1 C.P. 9 Lecture Notes. Review of Plot. Plot Sequence of related events that make a story hang together. Includes characters who experience some conflict or problem. Details are filled in before, during and after the problem takes place.

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plot setting

Plot & Setting

Unit 1

C.P. 9 Lecture Notes

review of plot
Review of Plot
  • Plot
    • Sequence of related events that make a story hang together.
      • Includes characters who experience some conflict or problem.
      • Details are filled in before, during and after the problem takes place.
      • The story takes place within a specific span of time.
plot structure
Plot Structure
  • A plot has five basic parts:
    • Exposition
    • Rising Action
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
parts of a plot
Parts of a Plot
  • Exposition
    • Also called the Basic Situation
    • Opening / Introduction
    • Introduces a main character who wants something very much and who encounters a problem or conflict while trying to get it.
parts of a plot1
Parts of a Plot
  • Rising Action
    • Otherwise known as “the complication”
    • The writer develops the elements of conflict further, and new complications or problems arise.
      • Conflict – struggle, clash, or problem between opposing forces, characters, or emotions.
          • Internal – a struggle between opposing needs, desires or emotions within a single character. *A struggle inside their own mind or heart.
          • Man vs. Self
          • External – A character struggles against an outside force – another character, society, something in nature, etc.
          • Man vs. Man
          • Man vs. Nature
          • Man vs. Society
parts of a plot2
Parts of a Plot
  • Climax
    • High point of the plot
    • The most exciting or suspenseful moment in the story
    • The climax is when something happens that decides the outcome of the conflict.
parts of a plot3
Parts of a Plot
  • Falling Action
    • The after-effect of the climax
    • The story just begins to wind down; however, the problems are not necessarily solved yet.
  • Resolution
    • Sometimes called the denouement
    • The problems are resolved and the story ends.
plot timing
Plot Timing
  • Sequence of events in a plot
    • Most common
      • Chronological Order – start at the beginning and tell the story in the order that it happened
    • However…
      • Other techniques can be used to manipulate time and control the reader’s feelings.
      • These other techniques may help create suspense or dramatize a moment as well.
        • Slowing time down can help accomplish this.
plot timing continued
Plot Timing continued…
  • Other techniques used to manipulate time
    • Flashback – the present action is interrupted with a scene or scenes from the past
      • Can reveal the past life of a character or explain why someone is in a current situation
    • Flash-forward – visiting a character’s future
    • Foreshadowing – a writer plants clues that hint at something that will happen later in the plot
review of setting
Review of Setting
  • Setting
    • Where and when a story takes place
    • Is it possible for an interesting story to have no setting … no indication of where or when the action takes place?
      • Yes!
      • If the characters and situations are strong enough, they will hold our attention in empty space, just as a play presented on a bare stage could hold our interest.
the importance of setting
The Importance of Setting
  • In real life, events occur somewhere… so, fiction specifies a setting most of the time.
  • Think of how crucial setting would be in:
    • a story about a prisoner
    • a story about a castaway on the Pacific
    • a story about a colony on Mars
      • What details would you need in the setting to make each of the above stories a success?
setting mood and tone
Setting, Mood, and Tone
  • Setting can contribute to a story’s emotional effect.
    • Mood – the story’s atmosphere
      • gloomy, cheerful, etc.
      • A setting in the spring can give a sense of hope or rebirth. / A setting in the winter can give a sense of death.
    • Tone – the writer’s attitude toward a subject or character (like a tone of voice)
      • mocking, tender, joyful, vindictive, etc.
      • Setting details can help to reveal the tone.
setting and images
Setting and Images
  • To create a believable setting or one that can make us feel joy, mystery, or fear, the writer must select the right details or images.
  • Images - words or phrases that call forth a response from our senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste).
  • When the writer supplies a few right images, the reader will fill in the rest through their imagination.
setting character and conflict
Setting, Character, and Conflict
  • Setting can help reveal character.
    • Characters affect environment
      • If the author wishes to portray an “untidy” character, he/she may show us a setting from the mess in their room.
  • Sometimes, the setting can provide the main conflict.
    • A group of tourists get lost in the Arctic or in the jungle = a fight for survival.
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