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Origins of The Industrial Revolution. By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. Before the Industrial Revolution, entire families worked at home to manufacture things such as cloth. Causes of the Industrial Revolution. new innovations in the production of food: crop rotation

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Origins of The

Industrial

Revolution

By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY


Before the Industrial Revolution, entire families worked at home to manufacture things such as cloth.


Causes of the Industrial Revolution home to manufacture things such as cloth.


Agricultural revolution

new innovations in the production of food: crop rotation home to manufacture things such as cloth.

fed city-dwellers

the “enclosure movement” forced poor farmers off their land

Agricultural Revolution


Population growth

England’s population swelled home to manufacture things such as cloth.

more people = specialization of labor (you can do other things besides farming!)

more reliable food supplies and resistance to disease

higher percentage of children led to child labor

Population Growth


Why Did home to manufacture things such as cloth.

Industrialization

Begin in

England First?


Why was Great Britain in the 1700s ideally suited to be the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?

  • Natural resources coal; iron ore; rivers

  • Raw materials  Colonies

  • Powerful navy and merchant fleet facilitated trade (Good Harbors)

  • Enclosure movement led to large labor supply

  • Investment in new inventions

  • Stable government

  • Banking system


Why britain
WHY BRITAIN? birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?

  • Factors of production

  • Land

  • Labor

  • Capital (wealth)


Industrial England: birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?

"Workshop

of the World"

That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte


The Enclosure Movement birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?


“Enclosed” Fields birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?


“Enclosed” Lands Today birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?


British Raw Materials birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?


Early Canals birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?

Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure


Coalfields & Industrial Areas birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?


Coal Mining in Britain: birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?1800-1914


Young Coal Miners birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?


Child Labor in the Mines birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?

Child “hurriers”


New Inventions birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?

of the

Industrial Revolution


In 1769, Richard Arkwright’s water powered spinning frame resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


Richard Arkwright: resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.“Pioneer of the Factory System”

The “Water Frame”


IMPROVEMENTS IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.

  • Textiles: wool, linen, cotton turned into clothing

  • Major Inventions:

  • John Kay: flying shuttle

  • James Hargreaves: spinning jenny

  • Richard Arkwright: water frame

  • Samuel Crompton: spinning mule

  • Ed Cartwright: power loom

  • Machines set up in factories: large buildings


Factory Production resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.

  • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor].

  • Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets].

  • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor.

  • Only 10% of English industry in 1850.


The Factory System resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.

  • Rigid schedule.

  • 12-14 hour day.

  • Dangerous conditions.

  • Mind-numbing monotony.


More Innovations resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.

  • Canals and steam engines on boats

  • New roads

  • Railroads– the most important transportation innovation of the Industrial Age


Steam Engine resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.

1765 James Watt

Used to propel boats and locomotives


Textile Factory resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.Workers in England


Textile Factory resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.Workers in England


Jacquard’s Loom resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


Spinning mule 1835
Spinning mule-1835 resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


John Kay’s “Flying Shuttle” resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


The Power Loom resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


James Watt’s Steam Engine resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


Steam Tractor resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


Steam Ship resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


An Early Steam Locomotive resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


Later Locomotives resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


The Impact of the Railroad resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


“The Great Land Serpent” resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


British Cotton Trade About 1850 resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.

In the 1600s, cotton cloth imported from India had become popular. British merchants tried to organize a cotton cloth industry at home. To do so, they developed the putting out system.


18c British Port resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


British Coin Portraying a Factory, 1812 resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.


The Growth of England’s resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.Foreign Trade in the 18c


18c English “Nouveau Riche”: resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.The Capitalist Entrepreneur


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