National renewable energy policy results and challenges estonia
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National renewable energy policy – results and challenges Estonia. 19.02.2013. Madis Laaniste, Energy Department. Targets of renewable energy policy. national long-term energy strategy (Parliament 2009) target for renewables – 25% from gross final energy consumption in 2020

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National renewable energy policy – results and challenges Estonia

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National renewable energy policy – results and challengesEstonia

19.02.2013

Madis Laaniste, Energy Department


Targets of renewable energy policy

  • national long-term energy strategy (Parliament 2009)

    • target for renewables – 25% from gross final energy consumption in 2020

    • target for transport – 10% from renewables in 2020


Total share of RES


Total share of RES in transport


The role of RE

  • The share of renewable energy in Total Primary Energy Supply is 15%, ca 60% of the primary energy supply comes from oil shale

  • Bioenergy has the biggest share in RE – ca 85%, 15% are coming from other resources (mainly wind, installed capacity ca 200 MW)


Main measures to promote energy generation from RES

  • Premium tariff support scheme for RES-E

    • large biomass CHPs

    • co-firing of biomass in oil shale power plants

    • wind energy

  • Investment support schemes for RES-E and RES-H

    • for installation of wind energy capacities (22 MW);

    • for small CHPs (biogas, biomass) and boilerhouses using fossil fuels


Issues around RE and regional development

  • Noticeable share of energy costs that consumers pay, go to RE producers – little acceptance to go beyond adopted RE targets

  • Rural regions lose their competitive advantages, partly due to higher energy costs than in urban areas

  • New development options can be created, if agricultural waste and residues will be taken into use in biogas production with a view to achieve the RE target in transport sector


The actions by the government

  • Reduce energy costs through optimisation of heat supply

    • upgrade existing DH systems if its economically justified

    • solutions based on RE are preferred

    • improve energy efficiency, particularly in residential and public buildings


The actions by the government

  • Setting up a programme for biogas use in transport sector

    • Set up biogas production infrastructure

    • Discussion, how to promote fleet increase: subsidy for car purchase or excise policy favouring natural gas or biogas use in transport sector

    • Support relevant R&D activities


Thank you!


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