Research-Based Active and Cooperative Learning Strategies to Engage Diverse Learners. Kimberly Koledoye Houston Community College NW [email protected] 18% of the students who dropped out said that it was hard to pay attention in class.
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Houston Community College NW
( EngageThevenot, 2010)
18% of the students Engage
out said that it was
hard to pay attention
(Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 2009)
1. Good practice encourages contact between students and faculty
2. Good practice develops reciprocity and cooperation among students
3. Good practice encourages active learning
4. Good practice gives prompt feedback
5. Good practice emphasizes time on task
6. Good practice communicates high expectations
7. Good practice respects diverse talents and ways of learning
According to Knowles (1990), adult learning is "a process of active inquiry, not passive reception."
Colleges in which instructors use high percentages of classroom time for lecturing have lower benchmark scores than those in which instructors spend high percentages of classroom time on in-class writing or small group activities.
(Community College Survey of Student Engagement 2009)
Students do problems first as a team, then with a partner, and finally on their own.
Partners move to one side of the room. Half of each team is given an assignment to master to be able to teach the other half. Partners work to learn and can consult with other partners working on the same material. Teams go back together with each set of partners teaching the other set. Partners quiz and tutor teammates. Team reviews how well they learned and taught and how they might improve the process.
Cooperative learning strategies do not require you to create a new lesson, simply apply the strategies to what you already do!
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Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. (2009). With Their Whole Lives Ahead of Them: Myths and Realities About Why So Many Students Fail to Finish College. Retrieved at http://www.publicagenda.org/TheirWholeLivesAheadofThem
Bowler, Mike. (2009, August 19), Dropouts Loom Large for Schools. U.S. News and World Reports. Retrieved from http://www.usnews.com/articles/education/best-colleges/2009/08/19/dropouts-loom-large-for-schools.html?PageNr=2
Brookfield, Stephen. (1986). Understanding and facilitating adult learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Chickering, A. W. and Gamson, Z. F. (1991). Applying Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Inc.
Complete College America. (2012). Remediation: Higher educations bridge to nowhere. Retreived from http://www.completecollege.org/docs/CCA-Remediation-final.pdf
Dean, Gary J. (1994). a new lesson, simply apply the strategies to what you already do!Designing instruction for adult learners. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.
Johnson, David W., Johnson, Roger T., & Smith Karl A. (1991). Cooperative learning: increasing college faculty instructional productivity. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education
Johnson, D. & Johnson, R. (2001). Cooperative Learning. Retrieved from http://www.clcrc.com/pages/cl.html
Kagan, Spencer. (1999). Cooperative Learning. Sam Clemente, CA: Kagan
Knowles, Malcolm S. (1990). The adult learner: a neglected species. Houston, TX: Gulf Publications Company. Retrieved from www.higheredinfo.org/dbrowser/index.php?level
Thevenot, Brian. (2010, February 2). A Matter of Degrees. Texas Tribune. Retrieved from
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