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Today we will discuss: 1. Four common Leisure styles 2. Leisure during the last 20 years 3. Statistical information on participation 4. Requirements for participation 5. Commonly held myths about leisure 6. Time Management suggestions related to leisure. Common Leisure Styles

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Today we will discuss l.jpg
Today we will discuss:

  • 1. Four common Leisure styles

  • 2. Leisure during the last 20 years

  • 3. Statistical information on participation

  • 4. Requirements for participation

  • 5. Commonly held myths about leisure

  • 6. Time Management suggestions related to leisure.


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Common Leisure Styles

In relation to leisure, four styles have been identified.

1. Busyness: bits and pieces of free time, no plan

for leisure.

2. Enjoyment: Minimal planning for leisure

pursuits.

3. Meaning: People become "lost" in activity.

4. Commitment: celebrative/creative involvement,

leisure becomes focus of one's life.


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In the last 20 years:

1. Work week has expanded from 41 hours to 47

hours.

2. Average leisure time has shrunk by about 37%.

3. One study (1991) showed that 46% say work is

less important and 44% have made changes for

more leisure time.

4. 41% of Americans report a lack of leisure due to

a lack of free time.


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Everyday Participation In Common Activities

Parents Dual- Single

Activity Teens Singles 65+ 1 Income Income Parents Parents

Watch television 89% 67% 81% 74% 72% 62%

Read newspaper 49 62 87 65 68 66

Listen to recorded

music 78 76 20 42 46 50

Talk on phone 62 50 47 48 40 65

Exercise 54 48 34 35 30 39

Talk with friends 34 32 30 32 29 37

Read books 20 18 35 17 27 25

Read magazines 34 21 20 14 14 12

Hobbies 39 29 39 14 19 13

Gardening 11 6 30 34 24 9

Source: Where Does the Time Go? The United Media Enterprises Report on Leisure in America (New York: Newspaper Enterprise Association, 1983).


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Annual Participation Characteristics Among Selected Outdoor Recreation Activities

Median Number of Days

Percent of Population of Participation Annually

Participating One or by Those People Who

Activity More Times Annually Participate

Land-based activities (percent) (days)

Sightseeing 46.9 12

Picnicing 46.2 6

Walking for pleasure 41.3 29

Driving for pleasure 38.4 19

Nature study/photography 36.2 13

Developed camping 34.9 7

Day hiking 23.8 5

Primitive camping 14.2 5

Other hunting 11.8 9

Backpacking 10.4 4


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Annual Participation Characteristics Among Selected Outdoor Recreation Activities

Median Number of Days

Percent of Population of Participation Annually

Participating One or by Those People Who

Activity More Times Annually Participate

Water-based activities (percent) (days)

Swimming outdoors 50.3 17

Warm water & saltwater fishing 30.9 10

Motorboating 22.2 7

Cold water fishing 16.7 7

Water skiing 12.9 4

Canoeing/kayaking 13.9 2

Sailing 7.5 2


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Annual Participation Characteristics Among Selected Outdoor Recreation Activities

Median Number of Days

Percent of Population of Participation Annually

Participating One or by Those People Who

Activity More Times Annually Participate

Snow & Ice-based activities (percent) (days)

Downhill skiing 9.8 4

Sledding 9.3 3

Cross-country skiing 6.5 4

Ice skating 6.0 2

Snowmobiling 2.7 3

Source: 1985-1987 Public Area Recreation Visitor Study compiled by the Outdoor Recreation and Wilderness Assessment Group, Athens, Georgia. Percent participation figures represent weighted percent of the American public who use federal and state recreation areas and participate in the activities listed one or more times annually.



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Percentages of Adult Participation in Leisure Activities Recreation Activities(One or More Times in the Past Year)

Sometimes Often, or

Activity Very Often

Walking for pleasure 84 50

Driving for pleasure 77 43

Sightseeing 77 34

Picnicing 76 28

Swimming outdoors 76 43

Ocean, lake, river 63 30

Outdoor pool 58 28

Visit zoos, fairs, amusement parks72 17

Attend outdoor sports events 60 22

Visit historic sites 59 14

Fishing 51 25


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Percentages of Adult Participation in Leisure Activities Recreation Activities

Sometimes Often, or

Activity Very Often

Bicycling 46 17

Camping 45 21

Tent 29 09

Recreational vehicle 22 08

Other 17 05

Softball/baseball 43 16

Running or jogging 42 17

Attend outdoor plays/concerts 42 11

Bird watching, nature study 35 15

Tennis outdoors 30 10

Basketball 27 10


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Percentages of Adult Participation in Leisure Activities Recreation Activities

Sometimes Often, or

Activity Very Often

Motor boating, water skiing 27 15

Day hiking 27 12

Driving off-road

vehicles/snowmobiles 24 11

Canoeing/kayaking/rafting 22 05

Golfing 22 10

Football 21 06

Hunting 21 11

Backpacking 17 05

Sledding 17 04

Horseback riding 15 03


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Percentages of Adult Participation in Leisure Activities Recreation Activities

Sometimes Often, or

Activity Very Often

Sailing or windsurfing 15 04

Downhill skiing 14 05

Ice skating 12 03

Soccer 10 03

Cross country skiing 08 03

(Base) Sample size 2,000

Source: Data from the President's Council on Americans Outdoors, Americans Outdoors: The Legacy, The Challenge, 1987, Island Press, Washington, D.C.




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America's Increasing Involvement with the Arts 1990's

· A landmark 1988 report by the National Endowment of the Arts calculated that Americans now spend $3.7 billion on arts events, compared with $2.8 billion for sports events. In Washington, DC alone, people were three to four times as likely to be involved with the arts than to attend either a Redskins, Bullets, Capitals, or Orioles game.

· Since 1965 American museum attendance has increased from 200 million to 500 million annually. Attendance at art museums in particular is increasing as more people are now collecting and appreciating art than ever before. Between 1977 and 1988, some ninety-two U.S. museums undertook expansion projects costing $5 million or more.


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· 1990'sThe 1988-1989 season on Broadway broke every record in history as 8 million theater goers paid out $262 million. This increase in attendance is not confined to New York as more than 200 professional theaters and numerous art festivals operate throughout the United States. For example, the Alabama Shakespeare Festival in Montgomery, AL, grew from 3,000 in 1972 to more than 300,000 in 1989.

· Membership in the leading chamber music association grew from 20 ensembles in 1979 to 578 in 1989. In 1986 and 1987 more than 25 million symphony goers attended performances by the top 280 orchestras. Many more attended performances by more than 500 smaller orchestras. Music festivals are also becoming increasingly popular. For example, the Boston Symphony's Tanglewood Music Festival in the Berkshire Mountains has over the years attracted more than 10 million music lovers.


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Since 1970 U.S. opera audiences nearly tripled. Opera, shedding its old-fashioned image, is becoming accessible to a wider audience; three-quarters of the 113 professional opera companies in North, Central, and South America were founded after 1965.

· Professional dance in the United States has grown 700 percent since 1972.

· In 1988, 55,483 new book titles and editions were published in the United States compared to about 41,000 in 1977. One in five American adults buys at least one book a week.

From John Naisbitt and Patricia Aburdene, Megatrends 2000, Copyright © 1990 by Megatrends Ltd., reprinted by permission of William Morrow & Company, Inc.


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AMERICANS OUTDOORS shedding its old-fashioned image, is becoming accessible to a wider audience; three-quarters of the 113 professional opera companies in North, Central, and South America were founded after 1965.

Why We Choose a Recreation Area

Attributes adults consider, in rank order, when choosing parks, beaches, and other outdoor recreation areas.

Rank Attributed Rank Attributed

1 Natural beauty 6 Picnic areas

2 Amount of crowding 7 Cultural event

3 Restroom Facilities 8 Fees charged

4 Parking availability 9 Concessions

5 Available information 10 Organized sports

11 Guided activities

Source: 1986 Market Opinion Research Survey, “Participation in Outdoor Recreation Among American Adults and the Motivations Which Drive Participation.”


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REQUIREMENTS FOR PARTICIPATION shedding its old-fashioned image, is becoming accessible to a wider audience; three-quarters of the 113 professional opera companies in North, Central, and South America were founded after 1965.

1. Opportunity: Geographic accessibility, transportation availability, physical capabilities, financial considerations, time, access to resources, others who enjoy like interest.

2. Knowledge: Knowing enough about activity so interest is aroused.

3. Family and friends typically must approve.

4. Receptiveness: willingness or desire to enter into a new experience.


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COMMONLY HELD MYTHS shedding its old-fashioned image, is becoming accessible to a wider audience; three-quarters of the 113 professional opera companies in North, Central, and South America were founded after 1965.ABOUT LEISURE


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TIME MANAGEMENT SUGGESTIONS RELATED TO LEISURE: shedding its old-fashioned image, is becoming accessible to a wider audience; three-quarters of the 113 professional opera companies in North, Central, and South America were founded after 1965.

1. Keep a "to do" list arranged by priorities. Reward yourself for what you have accomplished by participating in leisure.

2. Make use of transition time.

3. Count all time as "on" time.

4. Cut off nonproductive activities as soon as possible.

5. Apply the 80/20 rule to leisure.

6. Reduce time wasters.

7. Learn to say "no," protect your time.


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