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The Big Picture Looking to the future VEHICLES PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The Big Picture Looking to the future VEHICLES Margaret Bell CBE Newcastle University Policy for the Environment King -Transition to Low Carbon Vehicles Eddington – Address congestion hotspots (major source of pollution and carbon emissions)

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The Big Picture Looking to the future VEHICLES

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The big picture looking to the future vehicles l.jpg

The Big Picture Looking to the futureVEHICLES

Margaret Bell CBE

Newcastle University

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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Policy for the Environment

  • King -Transition to Low Carbon Vehicles

  • Eddington – Address congestion hotspots (major source of pollution and carbon emissions)

  • Climate Change - Reduce CO2 emissions by 80% by 2050

  • Key Challenge – Decouple economic growth and single occupancy conventional car use

  • FUTURES - Informed future environment policy

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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Traffic and the Environment

Health

Climate change

Source: The effects of emerging vehicle technologies on certain vehicle emissions not currently regulated (DfT / AEA 2006)


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Policy Implications

  • On the home straight with traditional Vehicle Technologies

    • Eco cars

      • Low rolling resistance tyres

      • Engine tuning to reduce emissions

      • Gear ratios

      • Aerodynamics

      • Adaptation technology/driver information

    • Influence eco driving behaviour

      • Voluntarily with in-car information systems (during - FOOTlite, after – e.g. FIAT eco:Drive)

    • Remove cold starts

Promote smaller vehicles smaller engines

Ford

Driven by the CO2 agenda

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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Electric Vehicles

Investment in Infrastructure for charging

Tax incentives for private vehicles

Waste collection

V.A.T.

Can the battery technology match expectations?


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FUTURES: Noise

  • Reduce speeds and reduce flows

  • Substantial reduction in noise with electric vehicles (need hazard warning to maintain pedestrian safety)

  • Buses and HGV fleet most benefit

  • Nature and character of noise different (new measures of human perceptions)

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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Vehicles and Systems

  • Vehicle – vehicle technologies

    • Vehicle technologies to create car trains - smoothing

  • Integration of Vehicle and Systems

    • Hybrid technology linked with satellite - SENTIENCE

    • Intelligent Speed Adaptation – controlling speeds (speed humps!)

ISA –ITS, DfT

Why not control acceleration, brake, clutch gears...?

Ricardo SEIG 2007

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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FUTURES: Sensitivity

  • Substantial reduction in traffic emissions needed to reduce significantly roadside concentrations

  • Systems

    • Control and Optimise networks to reduce pollutant emissions

    • Manage congestion – gating, metering, cascading

Ref: www.scoot-utc.com

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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Reduce Demand

  • Promote public transport/ buses/LRT

Ref: www.scoot-utc.com

  • BUTsubstantial reduction in demand needed

Transport in Cities Conference – London Transport Museum – 6th May 2009


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What can be done NOW

  • Adopt eco driving styles

  • Be aware of the traffic around you – reduce transients

  • Avoid short car trips – walk or cycle

  • Share ride - be proactive in reducing your own and helping others to reduce trips

  • Be mindful that your desire to travel affects your health and that of others and is destroying our planet

Small changes in behaviour add up to deliver SIGNIFICANT overall benefits

HOWEVER

Requires Partnerships and Commitment - Government, Business, Services and the Public


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Summary

  • Intelligent Vehicle and Transport Systems have an important role to play

    • Next generation of clean fuelled vehicles with state of art technology to minimise emissions – Euro VI +..........

    • Deliver solutions AND provide the data

      • to facilitate innovation and enhance systems further into the future

      • to provide information, education, change attitudes

  • Tough decisions will be needed by Governments

  • Success needs radical change of attitudes & lifestyles

  • Villages, Towns, Cities will look different

Environmental (Traffic) Engineers will need to be SMART to deliver SMARTER Futures


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Are you ready to take on the Challenge?

Are you trained for change?

Thank you for listening


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Questions?

Margaret C. Bell CBE,

PhD, BSc, CMILT, MIHT

Science City Professor of Transport and Environment Transport Operations Research Group (TORG)

School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences Cassie Building Newcastle University Newcastle upon Tyne

NE1 7RU

[email protected]


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Acknowledgement

  • EPSRC for funding the research presented.

  • Colleagues at the Transport Operations Research Group, Newcastle University.

  • Colleagues at the Institute for Transport Studies and Energy Resource Research Institute, University of Leeds

    Please take opportunities to reference the research presented. Consult the Reference list on the Personal webpage

    http://www.ceg.ncl.ac.uk/profiles2/margaret.bell

    or contact Margaret Bell directly.


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