Swine Flu Epidemic An excess over the expected incidence of disease within a geographical area during a specified time period Flu Terms Defined
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First name of a flu virus is the H#
Last name of a flu virus is the N#
human infections can and do happen
spread from person-to-person, but in the
past, this transmission was limited and
not sustained beyond three people
then touching their mouth or nose.
Tap water that has been treated by conventional disinfection processes does not likely pose a risk for transmission of influenza viruses.
Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be shared without washing thoroughly first.
Linens (such as bed sheets and towels) should be washed by using household laundry soap and tumbled dry on a hot setting.
Individuals should avoid “hugging” laundry prior to washing it to prevent contaminating themselves.
Individuals should wash their hands with soap and water or alcohol-based hand rub immediately after handling dirty laundry.
symptoms of seasonal flu in humans and may include:
vomiting associated with swine flu.
a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.
What Is the Range of Illness Severity Seen With Swine Flu?
and after food preparation and in-out of toilets. Regular wash your
you develop influenza-like symptoms. (High Fever, body pain, coughing and red nose)
of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza.
Take these everyday steps to protect your health:
sneeze.Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it
you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also
coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those
around you from getting sick.
Put your used tissue in the waste basket.
virus causing illness in humans.
It is not known whether current human seasonal influenza vaccines can provide any protection.
vaccine against the currently circulating virus strain for it to
provide maximum protection to the vaccinated people. This is
why WHO needs access to as many viruses as possible in order
to select the most appropriate candidate vaccine virus.
Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body.
If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster.
They may also prevent serious flu complications. During the current outbreak, the priority use for influenza antiviral drugs during is to treat severe influenza illness.
-All of government involved
-Link of plans of private Entities and voluntary sector
-Involve Civil Defence
-Priority to Public Information
-Action items indicated
-Responsible Bodies Identified
-Emphesis on Communicating information to public
Plan must be revised regularly
CDC works very closely with state and local officials in areas where human cases of new H1N1 flu infections have been identified. In California and Texas, where EpiAid teams have been deployed, many epidemiological activities are taking place or planned including:
distributed test kits to all states in the U.S. and the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. The test kits are being shipped internationally as well. This will allow states and other countries to test for this new virus. This increase in testing will likely result in an increase in the number of confirmed cases of illness reported. This, combined with ongoing monitoring through Flu View should provide a fuller picture of the burden of disease in the United States over time
Reliability and Interpretation of Rapid Influenza Test Results
The reliability of rapid influenza diagnostic tests depends largely on the conditions under which they are used, and are entirely based on the experience with seasonal influenza.
Surveillance of healthcare personnel
(A) In communities where swine influenza A (H1N1) virus transmission is occurring
healthcare personnel should be monitored daily for signs and symptoms of febrile respiratory illness.
(B) In communities without swine influenza A (H1N1) virus transmission