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Challenges U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Sustaining Biological Diversity and Ecological Functions in the Face of Large-scale Change: Future Challenges in Natural Resource Management. Pat Leahy – Acting Director, U.S. Geological Survey Matt Hogan – Acting Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Future

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Challenges U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

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Sustaining Biological Diversity and Ecological Functions in the Face of Large-scale Change: Future Challenges in Natural Resource Management.Pat Leahy – Acting Director, U.S. Geological SurveyMatt Hogan – Acting Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


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Future

ChallengesU.S. Geological Survey U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Two Bureaus, One Mission


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  • What is the

  • Future Challenges

  • project?

  • A USGS and FWS,

  • future-oriented partnership in science-based conservation.


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  • Partnership

  • emerged from

  • October 2003 meeting

  • of USGS Executive

  • Leadership Team and

  • FWS Directorate.

L to R, former USGS Director Chip Groat

and former USFWS Director Steve Williams


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  • Future Challenges

  • project goal:

  • To position USGS and FWS to

  • predict and respond to

  • significant challenges to

  • biodiversity and ecosystem

  • function over the next

  • 15-20 years.


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  • Ground-

  • breaking

  • scientific

  • research

  • has historically provided the basis for significant progress in addressing environmental challenges.

Rachel Carson J.N. ‘Ding’ Darling


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  • It is our turn, and our responsibility, to build the scientific foundation that will support conservation leaders who come after us.


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  • Today, significant future impacts to biodiversity and ecosystem function are predicted from:

  • Invasive Species

  • Biotechnology

  • Climate Change

  • Water for Ecological Needs


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  • Invasive Species:

  • Growing threat of invasive species to ecosystem function and native species conservation.

Globalization: Trade-Travel-Transport


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Consequences of invasive species are environmental and economic.


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  • Biotechnology:

  • A potential conservation tool, but genetic engineering can pose potential threats to ecological functioning that need to be assessed.


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  • Can modern biotechnology support natural resource conservation?

  • To better understand and manage populations?

  • To modify or manipulate organisms?

  • To determine effects of modified organisms on existing populations?


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First Transgenic Animal

on U.S. Market

The New York Times Nov 22, 2003

“Gene-Altering Revolution Nears the Pet Store: Glow-in-the-Dark Fish”

Nature Nov 27 2003

GloFish casts light on murky policing of transgenic animals

Marketed without regulatory environmental review. FDA is lead authority.

www.glofish.com


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Climate Change:

  • 2-4 degree C. increase

  • in earth’s temperature

  • predicted by end of

  • 21st Century.


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Global climate change of increasing interest in fish and wildlife conservation.


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  • Water For Ecological Needs:

  • Scientists predict significant implications for aquatic resource conservation from changes in use and allocation of water.


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Demand for ecosystem services is a major driver of changes in water allocations

Urban

Urban

Ecosystem

Thermal

Farming

Thermal

Farming


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Future Challenge: Elevating ecosystem requirements in water-use planning

  • New paradigm

  • Whole hydrograph

  • Dynamic channel

  • And ground water

  • Biological community

Old paradigm

Minimum flow

Static channel

Surface water

Single species


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Invasive species

Biotechnology

Climate Change

Water for Ecological Needs

Given these identified future challenges to ecosystem function and sustainability, USGS and FWS must lay both a science and a management foundation for future generations of decision-makers and resource managers.


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  • Overall Game Plan

  • Regional workshops and

  • reports – completed

  • National Listening Session

  • Final Report and Action Plan


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  • Regional Workshops

  • Primarily to engage our employees

  • Held in Denver, Anchorage, Sacramento, and Atlanta


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  • Results: Invasive Species

  • Be strategic: focus on species and habitats where USGS & FWS can make a difference. Increase use of FWS lands.

  • Emphasize research and management for detection, prevention and control efforts early in the invasion process.

  • Focus on understanding linkages between global change, biotechnology, and invasive species.


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  • Results: Biotechnology

  • Planning for the use of biotechnology in conservation should proceed due to great potential benefits, but with deliberation and great care.

  • Information exchange and broader partnerships with academia and industry are essential for success.

  • Risk assessment procedures and the need for policy changes must be addressed very soon.


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  • Results: Climate Change

  • Develop and implement specific monitoring strategies tailored to effects on wildlife and habitats.

  • Focus planning and management efforts at the ecosystem level.

  • Rethink the design of reserves and protected areas.

  • Climate Change complicates planning for the other three challenges.


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  • Results: Water for Ecological Needs

  • Place greater emphasis on whole systems approaches.

  • Improved systems understanding will allow resource managers to prioritize areas and develop strategies for vulnerable systems.

  • Need for predictive models of potential systems effects under different land/water management regimes.


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  • Workshops’ Consensus:

  • Importance of comprehensive monitoring programs

  • Need for systems-level understanding

  • Value of predictive modeling to guide proactive management actions

  • Need for effective risk assessment and management


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  • National Listening Session

  • Planned for early 2006 in Washington, DC

  • Verify direction, elicit ideas, identify partners


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Action Plan

  • Create a final plan to guide

  • broad partnership in science-based conservation over the next two decades.


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  • Opportunity for Input

  • All are invited to meet later today to discuss why this Future Challenges effort is needed.

  • 6:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m.

  • Concourse Hotel, University AB


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