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Social Interaction Functions. Making Conversations Work. COHERENCE. Interpretive Strategies Etc. Principal : Willingness to fill in the meaning of ambiguous language Assumption of Relevance : assume what is said is relevant to what has been said before

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Social interaction functions l.jpg

Social Interaction Functions

Making Conversations Work


Coherence l.jpg
COHERENCE

  • Interpretive Strategies

  • Etc. Principal: Willingness to fill in the meaning of ambiguous language

  • Assumption of Relevance: assume what is said is relevant to what has been said before

  • Retrospective-Prospective Sense of Occurrence: use of present or future utterances to interpret past or present remarks

  • Role Taking: mentally take the others position


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Local Management of Talk

  • “Elementary Devices”

  • Turn taking, reference to previous statements, paraphrases, conjunctions

  • Alignment Moves

    • Motive talk: “Now the reason Why I did that . . .”

    • Disclaimers: “I haven’t read much in that area but .”

    • Accounts: “I did poorly on the exam but you see my roommate ... “ (power, rights, obligation, situation)

  • Structuring Moves

    • Quid Pro Quo: make concession to gain compliance

    • Change Procedure: “We’ll bring it up later…”

    • Fractionation: Break into workable segments


  • Continuity and coherence l.jpg
    Continuity and Coherence

    • Link to previous utterance - seen as competent

      • extend theme, global topic best

      • event extensions when ambiguous

    • Synchrony Occurs in

      • Vocal parameters (duration, speech latencies, articulation rate, precision, accent, rate)

      • interacts with judgments (attraction, stuttering, perceived warmth, expectations, perceived intelligence, perceived competence, perceived agreement)

      • Within an individual (Body movements)

      • Between speaker and listener

      • Content Synchrony



    Intimacy l.jpg
    Intimacy INTERACTION FUNCTIONS:

    • Close interpersonal distances

    • Reciprocal touch

    • Direct body orientation

    • Mutual gaze

    • Forward lean

    • Postural openness

    • Verbal intimacy

    • Personal resource exchange

    • Facial Expressiveness


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    Reinforcement INTERACTION FUNCTIONS(positive)

    • Direct body orientation

    • Speech convergence

    • Positive head nods

    • Postural convergence

    • Friendly touch

    • Gestural convergence

    • Positive back-channel responses

    • Reciprocal self-disclosures

    • Praise; Smiles

    • Gaze at the other

    • Relatively long talk duration


    Impression management l.jpg
    Impression Management INTERACTION FUNCTIONS

    • Moderate to fast speech rates

    • Speech convergence

      • Moderate to long talk duration

    • Smiles, Forward lean

    • Positive head nods

    • Appropriate self-disclosure

    • Few and brief pauses (unless topic is highly intimate)

    • Speech with little or few disfluencies

    • Prestigious or similar (to the interlocutor) Accents, Gestures; Lexical diversity


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    Control INTERACTION FUNCTIONS

    • Turn-yielding cues

      • Terminate Gestures

      • Completion of a grammatical clause

      • Sociocentric sequences such as “you know” and “but-ah”

      • Decrease in pitch or loudness at end of sociocentric sequence

      • Prolonging the last syllable in a clause

      • Change in pitch of the last work of a clause

      • Asking a Question

      • Turn suppressing cues


    Control cont l.jpg
    Control INTERACTION FUNCTIONS,Cont.

    • Turn Taking Sequences

      • Head shifts away from the speaker

      • Gesturing

      • Overloudness of Speech

      • Audible Inhalation


    Persuasion l.jpg
    Persuasion INTERACTION FUNCTIONS

    • Gazing at target

    • Lexical diversity

    • Increasing loudness

    • Dialect similarity

    • Moderate to fast speech rates

    • Gestural matching

    • Facial expressiveness


    Dominance and power l.jpg
    Dominance and Power: INTERACTION FUNCTIONS

    • Gazing at listener when talking

    • Interruption

    • Gazing away while listening

    • Long floorholding

    • Non-reciprocal touch

    • Lexical style shifts

    • Lack of facial expressiveness

    • Moderately loud speech (when vying for dominance)

    • Relaxed Posture

    • Control-acquiescence speech act sequences


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