Organic Chemistry: Functional Groups Origin of organic compounds Naturally occurring organic compounds are found in plants, animals, and fossil fuels All of these have a plant origin All of these rely on the “fixing” of C from CO 2
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One C with no H, or with metal
Q: which functional groups contain a hydroxyl group? A carbonyl group? A carboxyl group?
Hydroxyl: alcohols, carboxylic acids. Carbonyl:
aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amides, esters. Carboxyl: carboxylic acids
Note that properties such as boiling and melting point change due to functional groups
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