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Middle East Current Events. C/Capt Sean Morgan C/Capt Christopher Taylor 25 Sept 2007. Overview. Iraq Iran Afghanistan Syria. Summary Issues. U.S. Military Deaths Private Contractors outnumber US Forces Blackwater Situation Iranian President Visit to Columbia

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Middle East Current Events

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Middle east current events

Middle East Current Events

C/Capt Sean Morgan

C/Capt Christopher Taylor

25 Sept 2007


Overview

Overview

  • Iraq

  • Iran

  • Afghanistan

  • Syria


Summary issues

Summary Issues

  • U.S. Military Deaths

  • Private Contractors outnumber US Forces

  • Blackwater Situation

  • Iranian President Visit to Columbia

  • Osama’s Message and the Next Target

  • U.S. Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border

  • Secretary of State visit to Middle East

  • President Bush plans Mideast Conference

  • Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando


U s military deaths

U.S. Military Deaths

  • As of Saturday, 22 Sept 2007

    • 3,795 U.S. military members have died since operations began

    • British Military: 169

    • Italy: 33

    • Ukraine: 18

    • Poland: 21

    • Bulgaria: 13

    • Spain: 11

    • Denmark: 7

    • Latvia: 3

    • Estonia, Netherlands, Thailand: 2 each

    • Australia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Romania, South Korea: 1 each

  • Source: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5972698/


Middleeastbriefing

Iraq


Middleeastbriefing

Iraq

  • A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of military strongmen ruled the country until 2003

  • Slightly more than twice the size of Idaho

  • Population: 27,499,638


Private contractors outnumber us forces

Private Contractors Outnumber US Forces

  • More than 180,000 private contractors

  • Current U.S. military forces: 163,100

  • Raises fundamental question:

    • “Have we become so dependent on privately contracted forces?”

  • Private forces do not fight with LOAC principles

  • Blackwater situation most recent, but there have been incidents in the past

  • Source: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory?id=3626620


Private contractors outnumber us forces1

Private Contractors Outnumber US Forces

  • A measure proposed by Rep. David Price, would require all government contractors to be covered by federal criminal codes


Blackwater

Blackwater

  • Private military contractor

  • Founded in 1997 Erik Prince & Al Clark

  • Based out of North Carolina

  • 90% of Revenue Government Contracts

  • Currently operating in Iraq


Blackwater background

Blackwater Background

  • Motto: “The Most Comprehensive Professional Military, Law Enforcement, Security, Peacekeeping, and stability operations in the world”

  • Products include:

    • K-9 Development

    • Airships

    • Targeting Systems

    • Combat Training

    • Armored Vehicles

    • Air Maintenance/Defense Systems

  • Source: http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/09/17/iraq.main/index.html


Blackwater situation

Blackwater Situation

  • Eight civilians killed in Baghdad street shootout

    • Blackwater claims killings occurred in self-defense

    • Iraqi officials claim Blackwater fired without provocation

  • SUV convoy assaulted midday from small arms fire, following a car bomb explosion

  • 14 others wounded during shootout, mostly civilians

  • Iraqi reaction-force and US Army arrive to stabilize area

  • Source: http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/09/23/blackwater.probe/index.html#cnnSTCText


Blackwater fallout

Blackwater Fallout

  • Blackwater’s operating license in Iraq was revoked

  • Iraqi government will file criminal charges for the deaths of civilians

  • Order 17 of Coalition Provisional Authority

    • “Contractors shall be immune from Iraqi legal process with respect to acts performed by them pursuant to the terms and conditions of a Contract or any sub-contract thereto”

  • Iraqi official claim killings unprovoked, claim to have video evidence

    • Inability to obtain justice threatens sovereignty

  • Despite this, Blackwater has resumed security duties


General petraeus

General Petraeus

  • Video

    http://abcnews.go.com/Video/playerIndex?id=3587383


Middleeastbriefing

Iran


Middleeastbriefing

Iran

  • Known as Persia until 1935.

  • Slightly larger than Alaska.

  • Population: 65,397,521

  • Median Age: 25

  • Religions: 98% Muslim

    (89% Shi’a, 9% Sunni)


Iranian president visit to columbia

Iranian President Visit to Columbia

  • Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad spoke at Columbia University yesterday

  • Large Protests

  • Agenda

    • Reassure that Iran is not building nuclear weapons

    • Answer Questions

  • Source: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20942057


Iranian president visit to columbia1

Iranian President Visit to Columbia

  • Requested to lay a wreath at Ground Zero

    • Request denied

  • Also attending the U.N. General Assembly today

  • Said Holocaust a “myth” and called for “Israel to be wiped off the map”

  • “Well, you have to appreciate we don't need a nuclear bomb. We don't need that. What need do we have for a bomb?"

  • "It's wrong to think that Iran and the U.S. are walking toward war. Who says so? Why should we go to war? There is no war in the offing."

  • Source: 60 Minutes Interview, CBS News


Iranian president visit to columbia2

Iranian President Visit to Columbia

  • Video

  • http://video.msn.com/v/us/msnbc.htm?f=00&g=f30204ee-9d43-4e6d-9eea-97a14349729b&p=News_Editors%20Picks&t=m5&rf=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20942057/&fg=


Us patrol of iran iraq border

US Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border

  • Tensions have been building over Iran’s Nuclear Program

  • 900 mile border-logistic problem

  • Build Infrastructure and Train Iraqis

  • Col. Mark Mueller, Commander 3rd Infantry Division border virtually impossible to protect


Us patrol of iran iraq border1

US Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border

  • New U.S. Strategy-build base 4 miles from Iranian border.

  • Facility will have internet and other luxuries; no troops will have to leave

  • Cost-$5 million dollars

  • Operational by November


Us patrol of iran iraq border2

US Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border


Coalition capture of iranian commando

Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando

  • Iranian officer arrested; smuggled roadside bombs into Iraq

  • Tensions Increased between US and Tehran

  • Suspect member of Quds Force elite group


Coalition capture of iranian commando1

Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando

  • Involved in transporting armor piercing explosively formed perpetrators

  • Trained infiltrators in Iraq

  • Bush Administration intent on blacklisting Quds

  • Result strain relations between Iran and United States


Afghanistan

Afghanistan


Afghanistan1

Afghanistan

  • Won independence from British control in 1919.

  • Slightly smaller than Texas

  • Population: 31,889,923

  • Median age: 17

  • Birth Rate:6.64 children born/woman

  • Religion: Sunni 80%, Shi'a 19%


Osama s message and the next target

Osama’s Message and the Next Target

  • Key Points

    • Bin Laden calls for a jihad against Pakistan

    • Rallying for the support of Pakistanis to overthrow President Musharraf and the gov’t

    • Targeted as a result of a raid on Red Mosque in July 07

      • Result in killing of Abdul Rashid Ghazi

      • 100 other militants

    • Pakistanis ignore his statement


President bush plans mideast conference

President Bush plans Mideast Conference

  • President Bush hosting Mideast peace conference.

  • Objective-End Palestinian-Israeli conflict

  • Committee Members include: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia


Osama s message and the next target1

Osama’s Message and the Next Target

  • Video

  • http://link.brightcove.com/services/link/bcpid452329876/bclid1202413571/bctid1203052326

  • Source: http://in.news.yahoo.com/070921/211/6l1l3.html


President bush plans mideast conference1

President Bush plans Mideast Conference

  • Both sides want different outcomes

    • Palestinians want outline for peace deal

    • Israel wants more vague declarations

  • Hamas-seized Gaza Strip considered “hostile territory”


President bush plans mideast conference2

President Bush plans Mideast Conference


Syria

Syria


Syria1

Syria

  • In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel.

  • Slightly larger than North Dakota.

  • Population:19,314,747

  • Sunni 74%, Shi’a 16%, Christian 10%


Review of issues

Review of Issues

  • U.S. Military Deaths

  • Private Contractors outnumber US Forces

  • Blackwater Situation

  • Osama’s Message and the Next Target

  • U.S. Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border

  • Secretary of State visit to Middle East

  • President Bush plans Mideast Conference

  • Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Iraq

  • Iran

  • Afghanistan

  • Syria


Any questions

Any Questions?


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