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Middle East Current Events. C/Capt Sean Morgan C/Capt Christopher Taylor 25 Sept 2007. Overview. Iraq Iran Afghanistan Syria. Summary Issues. U.S. Military Deaths Private Contractors outnumber US Forces Blackwater Situation Iranian President Visit to Columbia

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middle east current events

Middle East Current Events

C/Capt Sean Morgan

C/Capt Christopher Taylor

25 Sept 2007

overview
Overview
  • Iraq
  • Iran
  • Afghanistan
  • Syria
summary issues
Summary Issues
  • U.S. Military Deaths
  • Private Contractors outnumber US Forces
  • Blackwater Situation
  • Iranian President Visit to Columbia
  • Osama’s Message and the Next Target
  • U.S. Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border
  • Secretary of State visit to Middle East
  • President Bush plans Mideast Conference
  • Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando
u s military deaths
U.S. Military Deaths
  • As of Saturday, 22 Sept 2007
    • 3,795 U.S. military members have died since operations began
    • British Military: 169
    • Italy: 33
    • Ukraine: 18
    • Poland: 21
    • Bulgaria: 13
    • Spain: 11
    • Denmark: 7
    • Latvia: 3
    • Estonia, Netherlands, Thailand: 2 each
    • Australia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Romania, South Korea: 1 each
  • Source: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5972698/
slide6
Iraq
  • A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of military strongmen ruled the country until 2003
  • Slightly more than twice the size of Idaho
  • Population: 27,499,638
private contractors outnumber us forces
Private Contractors Outnumber US Forces
  • More than 180,000 private contractors
  • Current U.S. military forces: 163,100
  • Raises fundamental question:
    • “Have we become so dependent on privately contracted forces?”
  • Private forces do not fight with LOAC principles
  • Blackwater situation most recent, but there have been incidents in the past
  • Source: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory?id=3626620
private contractors outnumber us forces1
Private Contractors Outnumber US Forces
  • A measure proposed by Rep. David Price, would require all government contractors to be covered by federal criminal codes
blackwater
Blackwater
  • Private military contractor
  • Founded in 1997 Erik Prince & Al Clark
  • Based out of North Carolina
  • 90% of Revenue Government Contracts
  • Currently operating in Iraq
blackwater background
Blackwater Background
  • Motto: “The Most Comprehensive Professional Military, Law Enforcement, Security, Peacekeeping, and stability operations in the world”
  • Products include:
    • K-9 Development
    • Airships
    • Targeting Systems
    • Combat Training
    • Armored Vehicles
    • Air Maintenance/Defense Systems
  • Source: http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/09/17/iraq.main/index.html
blackwater situation
Blackwater Situation
  • Eight civilians killed in Baghdad street shootout
    • Blackwater claims killings occurred in self-defense
    • Iraqi officials claim Blackwater fired without provocation
  • SUV convoy assaulted midday from small arms fire, following a car bomb explosion
  • 14 others wounded during shootout, mostly civilians
  • Iraqi reaction-force and US Army arrive to stabilize area
  • Source: http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/09/23/blackwater.probe/index.html#cnnSTCText
blackwater fallout
Blackwater Fallout
  • Blackwater’s operating license in Iraq was revoked
  • Iraqi government will file criminal charges for the deaths of civilians
  • Order 17 of Coalition Provisional Authority
    • “Contractors shall be immune from Iraqi legal process with respect to acts performed by them pursuant to the terms and conditions of a Contract or any sub-contract thereto”
  • Iraqi official claim killings unprovoked, claim to have video evidence
    • Inability to obtain justice threatens sovereignty
  • Despite this, Blackwater has resumed security duties
general petraeus
General Petraeus
  • Video

http://abcnews.go.com/Video/playerIndex?id=3587383

slide15
Iran
  • Known as Persia until 1935.
  • Slightly larger than Alaska.
  • Population: 65,397,521
  • Median Age: 25
  • Religions: 98% Muslim

(89% Shi’a, 9% Sunni)

iranian president visit to columbia
Iranian President Visit to Columbia
  • Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad spoke at Columbia University yesterday
  • Large Protests
  • Agenda
    • Reassure that Iran is not building nuclear weapons
    • Answer Questions
  • Source: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20942057
iranian president visit to columbia1
Iranian President Visit to Columbia
  • Requested to lay a wreath at Ground Zero
    • Request denied
  • Also attending the U.N. General Assembly today
  • Said Holocaust a “myth” and called for “Israel to be wiped off the map”
  • “Well, you have to appreciate we don\'t need a nuclear bomb. We don\'t need that. What need do we have for a bomb?"
  • "It\'s wrong to think that Iran and the U.S. are walking toward war. Who says so? Why should we go to war? There is no war in the offing."
  • Source: 60 Minutes Interview, CBS News
iranian president visit to columbia2
Iranian President Visit to Columbia
  • Video
  • http://video.msn.com/v/us/msnbc.htm?f=00&g=f30204ee-9d43-4e6d-9eea-97a14349729b&p=News_Editors%20Picks&t=m5&rf=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20942057/&fg=
us patrol of iran iraq border
US Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border
  • Tensions have been building over Iran’s Nuclear Program
  • 900 mile border-logistic problem
  • Build Infrastructure and Train Iraqis
  • Col. Mark Mueller, Commander 3rd Infantry Division border virtually impossible to protect
us patrol of iran iraq border1
US Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border
  • New U.S. Strategy-build base 4 miles from Iranian border.
  • Facility will have internet and other luxuries; no troops will have to leave
  • Cost-$5 million dollars
  • Operational by November
coalition capture of iranian commando
Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando
  • Iranian officer arrested; smuggled roadside bombs into Iraq
  • Tensions Increased between US and Tehran
  • Suspect member of Quds Force elite group
coalition capture of iranian commando1
Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando
  • Involved in transporting armor piercing explosively formed perpetrators
  • Trained infiltrators in Iraq
  • Bush Administration intent on blacklisting Quds
  • Result strain relations between Iran and United States
afghanistan1
Afghanistan
  • Won independence from British control in 1919.
  • Slightly smaller than Texas
  • Population: 31,889,923
  • Median age: 17
  • Birth Rate:6.64 children born/woman
  • Religion: Sunni 80%, Shi\'a 19%
osama s message and the next target
Osama’s Message and the Next Target
  • Key Points
    • Bin Laden calls for a jihad against Pakistan
    • Rallying for the support of Pakistanis to overthrow President Musharraf and the gov’t
    • Targeted as a result of a raid on Red Mosque in July 07
      • Result in killing of Abdul Rashid Ghazi
      • 100 other militants
    • Pakistanis ignore his statement
president bush plans mideast conference
President Bush plans Mideast Conference
  • President Bush hosting Mideast peace conference.
  • Objective-End Palestinian-Israeli conflict
  • Committee Members include: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia
osama s message and the next target1
Osama’s Message and the Next Target
  • Video
  • http://link.brightcove.com/services/link/bcpid452329876/bclid1202413571/bctid1203052326
  • Source: http://in.news.yahoo.com/070921/211/6l1l3.html
president bush plans mideast conference1
President Bush plans Mideast Conference
  • Both sides want different outcomes
    • Palestinians want outline for peace deal
    • Israel wants more vague declarations
  • Hamas-seized Gaza Strip considered “hostile territory”
syria1
Syria
  • In the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, Syria lost the Golan Heights to Israel.
  • Slightly larger than North Dakota.
  • Population:19,314,747
  • Sunni 74%, Shi’a 16%, Christian 10%
review of issues
Review of Issues
  • U.S. Military Deaths
  • Private Contractors outnumber US Forces
  • Blackwater Situation
  • Osama’s Message and the Next Target
  • U.S. Patrol of Iran-Iraq Border
  • Secretary of State visit to Middle East
  • President Bush plans Mideast Conference
  • Coalition Capture of Iranian Commando
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Iraq
  • Iran
  • Afghanistan
  • Syria
ad