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RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN HEALTH AND MENTAL HEALTH IN NEW YORK CITY: DATA FROM THE 2002 NEW YORK CITY COMMUNITY HEALTH SURVEYKH McVeigh*, F Mostashari*, RA Wunsch-Hitzig**, SA Kuppin**, CG King**, JD Plapinger**, & LI Sederer***New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Bureau of Epidemiology Services** New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Division of Mental Hygiene
Clinical studies have documented relationships between physical and mental health, but until now, these relationships have not been quantified in a representative sample of New York City residents. This study presents findings that document the prevalence of significant emotional distress and its relationship to physical health.
We examined data from the New York City Community Health Survey (NYCCHS), a random sample telephone survey of 9,674 non-institutionalized adults conducted from May-July 2002.Respondents were asked standardized, cognitively tested questions about their health status and risk factors. Respondents were classified as having experienced “significant emotional distress” during the prior 30 days if they scored above 12 on the K6 scale (Kessler, 2002), a six-item screening measure designed to discriminate between community cases and non-cases of DSM-IV/SCID disorders. Multi-way frequency analyses were conducted in SUDAAN producingweighted, age-standardized estimates.
Kessler, R.C., Andrews, G., Colpe, L.J., Hiripi, E., Mroczek, D.K., Normand, S-L.T., Walters, E.E., & Zaslavsky, A.M. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32, 959-976.
We would like to thank Anjum Hajat, CHS Survey Manager, for her assistance with this analysis. For more information, please contact Tina McVeigh at [email protected]
Presented at the Second International Conference on Urban Health, October 15-18, 2003.