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Installing Windows 2003 Server MIS 431 –Rev. Spring 2008 Installation is Easy! Do your advance preparations HCL: what hardware components? Which file system Installed NIC Network protocols to install Name of server Active directory design Setup is a step-by-step Wizard CPU type & #

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Installing Windows 2003 Server

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Installing Windows 2003 Server

MIS 431 –Rev. Spring 2008


Installation is Easy!

  • Do your advance preparations

    • HCL: what hardware components?

    • Which file system

    • Installed NIC

    • Network protocols to install

    • Name of server

    • Active directory design

  • Setup is a step-by-step Wizard

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


CPU type & #

Type of bus (PCI,ISA)

Hard disk and adapter type (manufacturer and model)

Hard disk capacity

CD-ROM drive and adapter type

BIOS boot drive order (CD, C, A)

Mouse/pointing device

Monitor and video card

Keyboard type

Floppy drive type

Tape drive and adapter

NIC (mfgr, model, specs)

Server Hardware Components – check HCL!

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions before Starting

  • Get current drivers before or have another PC that you can use to download drivers

  • How to partition the hard drive

  • Which file system (FAT, NTFS)

  • Server name and administrator password

  • Which protocols to install

  • Which licensing method (per server, seat)

  • If the server is a DC, what is domain name

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions .. Partitioning

  • Decisions

    • Use existing partition?

    • Delete existing partition and create new?

    • Create new partition if non exists?

  • Size of the partition (MS recommends min 2 GB for partition for system files)

  • Dual boot machine?

    • Can boot FAT partition with Windows client OS

    • Rest of machine is NTFS with Windows 2003

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Disk Partitioning

  • Can use DOS FDISK program to partition the FAT area, DOS FORMAT program to format the FAT

  • Windows 2003 boot loader menu is specified in boot.ini file

  • [boot loader] … from my home server which uses SCSI

  • timeout=30

  • default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT

  • [operating systems]

  • multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT="Microsoft Windows 2003 Server" /fastdetect

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Windows NTFS File System

  • NTFS is superior!

    • Best security and performance

    • Encryption and file compression (not available in FAT)

  • Can use FAT now and convert partition to NTFS later

    • If FAT and <= 2 GB, WS03 uses FAT16

    • If FAT and > 2 GB, WS03 uses FAT32

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions – server name

  • Seen in Network Neighborhood (Win 9x) or My Network Places (later versions)

  • Use short name - easy to type and remember

  • Make sure name is not already used by another network computer

  • Name mnemonically, not numerically

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions – Administrator PW

  • Do Not Forget This Password – ever!!!

  • User name is Administrator and has access to all of the server’s resources

  • Password tips for this sensitive PW

    • Up to 14 characters, 10 or more is good

    • Make it difficult to guess!

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions - Protocols

  • TCP/IP is best – preferred protocol

  • NetBEUI is OK for small networks without routers

  • May need NWlink if logging in to a Novell NetWare server; will also need Client Service for NetWare

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions - Licensing

  • Per server means total # of clients that can be logged on at one time; preferred

  • Per seat means buying a license for each client computer; may be good if you have one user logging in to multiple servers

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Decisions – Network Server Type

  • Standalone server – for very small peer to peer networks or when you are bringing a WS03 server into an NT 4.0 network in which it will not act as a DC

  • Server based network – DC or member server that joins an existing domain

    • Member server belongs to a domain but has not copy of the active directory and does not replicate nor authenticate logons.

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Installation Options

  • Types of installation

    • CD-ROM only

    • Floppy disk and CD-ROM (when you cannot boot from the CD-ROM)

    • Network install

    • Install from an existing operating system

    • Unattended installation (via script)

  • In each case, run winnt.exe (in DOS) or winnt32.exe (in 32-bit Windows 9x environment) to begin the installation

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Winnt command switches

  • /? List all switches

  • /e:command executes a command after the Windows portion of Setup

  • /i:initialization filename specifies a custom initialization file where install files are found

  • /sdrive:\folder used for path for the installation files other than the current file

  • /u:scriptfile used in unattended install to specify the name of the script (answer) file and should be used with /s command

  • More .. http://207.46.196.114/windowsserver/en/library/166ff001-a0a6-4ab3-8303-6c4c9596a80b1033.mspx?mfr=true

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Winnt32 command switches

  • /? Gives all switches

  • /checkupgradeonly creates a report that tells if PC is compatible with WS03

  • /s:drive:folder uses a path for installation files different than the current path

  • /unattend [seconds]:script file used in an unattended installation to specify name of file containing script for setup

  • More …

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


CD-ROM Installation

  • Easiest and best if your computer boots from a CD-ROM

  • Set BIOS to boot from CD-ROM 1st

  • Insert CD-ROM, restart

  • It will automatically boot from CD and run Winnt

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Floppy Disk & CD-ROM

  • Use this if cannot boot from CD-ROM

  • Set BIOS to boot from floppy 1st

  • Insert floppy #1, restart computer

  • It will ask you to insert other three disks, then the CD-ROM

  • Hint: can make floppy set by running d:\bootdisk\makeboot.exe or d:\bootdisk\makebt32.exe

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Network Installation

  • Can install WS03 from a network share on another computer

    • Good if you have a diskless computer or one without a working CD-ROM drive

    • Also useful if you have a large network and plan to implement many WS03 servers

  • Requires you to have a working computer that connects to network

    • Share the server’s drive, open from new server, run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Install from Existing Op System

  • Requires DOS, Windows 3-1, Windows 9x, or Windows Server already on the server

  • Use this method to have a dual boot machine or if you want to upgrade to Windows 2003 Server

  • 1st dialog will ask if you want to upgrade to Windows 2003 or do a clean install

    • Clean is much better unless you have a reason for doing the upgrade

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Unattended Installation

  • Usually performed as a network install

  • Uses a script file that contains all the answers to the questions the setup wizard asks

  • winnt32 /s:\\misnt\i386 /unattend:unattend.txt

    • Uses a share called i386 on MISNT and the answers in a script file called unattend.txt

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Unattended Install, contd.

  • Can create a uniqueness database file (UDF) with unique answers for each server (they cannot have same name or IP address, etc)

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Stepping Through Installation

  • Part 1 – assumes CD-ROM install

    • Setup inspects the hardware and asks you to setup Windows 2003, repair an existing WS03 installation, and to quit Setup

    • Presents licensing agreement – press F8

    • Scans hard drive for previous installations of Windows 2003; it offers to repair if it finds.

    • Setup determines current partitions. Can install on existing, delete, or make new partition.

    • Choose file system – FAT or NTFS

    • Copies lots of files, then reboots into WS03 (remove CD)

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Setup, contd.

  • Part 2

    • Gathers information about the computer’s HW

    • Change regional settings

    • Enter your name and organization

    • Enter product key

    • Choose licensing mode and # CALs

    • Enter computer name and admin PW

    • Select components to install

    • If modem installed, provide dialing information

    • Verify time and date accuracy

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Setup, contd.

  • Part 2, contd.

  • Configures network settings – either typical or custom where you enter static IP information

  • Specify workgroup name if not joining an existing domain

  • Installs the components you requested

  • Remove WS03 CD, restart, and go to work!

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Testing New Server

  • Logon with Ctrl+Alt+Del

  • Use Administrator username and PW

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Creating ERD

  • Create one every time you install software, make a server configuration change, install a new adapter, add a NIC, or upgrade the operating system

  • Can start the Backup Wizard and click the Emergency Repair Disk button

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Troubleshooting Installation

  • Ensure processor and HW is on HCL

  • Test all HW before installing Windows 2003

  • Run manufacturer’s diagnostics before installing Windows 2003

  • See troubleshooting tips …http://207.46.196.114/windowsserver/en/library/0d516be6-a9be-4c1a-930d-c95c8297841b1033.mspx?mfr=true

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Installing Service Packs

  • Back up server and make ERD

  • Download service pack to a folder on the server www.microsoft.com/windows

  • Close all active windows

  • Run the service pack file and follow directions

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


Uninstalling Windows 2000

  • Nah….

  • But it would be a good idea to prepare a disk image of the boot drive

    • Norton or Symantec Ghost

    • Can be quickly restored if drive is replaced

    • Then can be more deliberate at restoring data backups

MIS 431 Installing Windows 2003 Server


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