Implementing Cognitive Apprenticeship. impact of educational technology on student learning. In the teaching of decision analysis skills, cognitive apprenticeship is a way to learn. In a relationship with an expert, students are scaffolded to learn to analyze and decide like an expert.
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impact of educational technology on student learning
In the teaching of decision analysis skills, cognitive apprenticeship is a way to learn. In a relationship with an expert, students are scaffolded to learn to analyze and decide like an expert.
The desired behavior is first modeled for the student
The model (or framework) is treated so that the student can perform behavior alone.
An exploration can begin, where students are looking for other possibilities in deciding, see other perspectives, and learn to see the complexity of many factors influencing each other in deciding.CA for teaching decision analysis
provides opportunities for students to observe an expert's practices. The learning situation must include exemplars of how an expert performs the tasks.
offers students help in the form of hints, scaffolding, feedback, modelling, goal setting and reminders while they are carrying out tasks.
provides temporary support by teachers for those parts of the tasks students have difficulty performing. The support can take the forms of suggestions or direct help. Fading consists of the gradual removal of this support until students are on their own.
requires that students explicitly express their knowledge, reasoning, or problem solving processes for problems or issues that they are tackling. Articulations can include students engaging in a dialogue, verbalizing their thoughts, or assuming the role of monitor or critic in cooperative activities.
offers a mechanism for students to externalize their metacognitive processes and hence open them for evaluation. It enables them to compare their own problem-solving processes with those of an expert and other students.
invites students to tackle and solve problems independently. Usually, instructors set general goals and teach exploration strategies. Students then are encouraged to focus on particular sub-goals within learning tasks, or even revise the general goals in order to come up with their own problem solutions.six instructional methods of cognitive apprenticeship
Problem solving strategies
Problems solving samples
Case analysis guidelines
text- and graphic-based business scenarios
conceptual and factual knowledge and procedures
evaluate learner understanding
procedures modeled by experts or learners
example case solutions
expert's advice and/or solutions for a case
various versions of solutions for a case provided by learners
instructions and hints of conducting case-based learning
repository of dialogue among learners and expertsInstructional Library