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HORSE SELECTION PowerPoint PPT Presentation

HORSE SELECTION Selecting a Horse Determining Unsoundness in a Horse Owning a horse can be a lot of fun. However; always make sure that you get the last laugh. Know what to expect and know what to look for. Don’t let your horse take you for an unexpected ride!

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HORSE SELECTION

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Horse selection l.jpg

HORSE SELECTION

Selecting a Horse

Determining Unsoundness in a Horse


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Owning a horse can be a lot of fun.However; always make sure that you get the last laugh.Know what to expect and know what to look for.


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Don’t let your horse take you for an unexpected ride!


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Costs Associated with Owning a Horse

  • Purchase Price

    -depends upon age, degree of training, if registered

    $450 - $1500 and up

  • Tack/Equipment

    -saddle, bridle, bit, halter, lead ropes, grooming & feeding supplies

    $250 - $2000 and up

  • Boarding (2 options)

    -home care (grain, hay, bedding)

    $100 per month

    -full / partial board away from home (indoor riding arena, feed, stall cleaned / shelter, feed, share work)

    $150 - $350 and up per month

  • Additional/Miscellaneous Costs

    -veterinary, farrier

    $400 and up


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Before Purchasing:Consider the quality of the horse

  • Blemish– an abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse

  • Unsoundness– a more serious abnormality that does affect the serviceability of the horse


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What to Look For in Selecting a Horse:

  • The horse should appear to be Balanced

  • A relatively short backand a long underline in comparison to total body length

  • Long, sagging backs (indicates weak loin) or short underlines (can cause gait problems)are a problem


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A well balanced horse will appear to

  • be proportionately the same length from:

  • - the point of the shoulder to the heart girth

  • - the heart girth to the rear flank

  • - the rear flank to the tip of the buttocks

  • be proportionately the same height from:

  • - the top of the withers to the heart girth

  • - the heart girth to the ground


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The horse should show quality

  • Withers should be prominent and drop evenly toward the back

  • The head should be clean and refined

  • The head should proportionately fit the rest of the body


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The horse should be structurally correct

  • The horse on the left is camped out(legs set back too far)

  • The horse on the right issickle hocked (leg set too far under)

  • From the rear the hind legs should be straight and parallel and show evidence of muscling in the gaskin


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  • The horse on the left is cow hocked (hocks in / toes out)

  • The horse on the right is bow legged (toes in / hocks out)

  • From the front the horse should have straight legs, a broad chest, and be well muscled

  • The horse on the left is toed out (hooves turn outward)

  • The horse on the right is pigeon toed (toed in = paddles)


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  • The nose should be slightly dished; ears small

    -A Roman nose (left photo) is undesirable

  • A ewe neckis when the neck curves downward and the throat appears to bulge

  • The rear legs should be placed squarely under the horse


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  • The horse on the right shows a good, straight foreleg with large, flat knees

    The horse on the left is calf kneed (knee is set too far back)

  • The cannon bone should be short, vertical, and in proportion to other parts of the leg

    -it should appear wider from the side than from the front

  • The pasterns should form a 45 degree angle with the ground


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  • This pastern is too straight

    (will deliver a jarring ride)

  • This pastern slopes to much and is weak

    (will be a bouncy ride)

  • Inspect the feet and hooves


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  • Tap the hooves to see if they are tender

  • The horse should have relatively small hooves that are widest at the heel

  • Contracted feet– a contracting of the heel

    -caused by leaving shoes on too long

  • Founder (laminitis) causes the hoof to grow rapidly

  • Ringboneis a bony growth around the coronary band


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  • Quarter cracks and splitsare caused by dryness

  • A bowed tendon causes the back of the leg to extend backward

  • Acapped hock is an enlargement at the point of the hock (interferes with normal movement of the joint)


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Other feet and leg problems

  • Splints– abnormal bony growth found on the cannon bone

  • Ringbone– a bony growth found on the pastern bone

  • Spavin – affects the hock (two types)

    -bog spavin– fluid fills the depression on the inside of the hock

    -bone spavin - bony enlargement on the lower front of the hock

  • Curb– a swelling below the hock on the backside

  • Sidebone– ossified cartilages just above the hoof head


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Other physical problems

  • Fistulous withers-inflammation at the withers

  • Parrot mouth– lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw

  • Poll evil– inflammation of the poll

  • Sweeney– depression in the shoulder due to muscle atrophy

  • Hernia – protrusion of any internal organ through the wall of its cavity


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Unsoundness of a Horse


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  • Ashoe boil is a sore caused by the shoe rubbing against the front leg when the horse is lying down

  • Other Things to Check:

  • Eyes should be large, round, and without cloudiness

  • Check the horses vision; the horse should be alert and responsive (check for partial or complete blindness)


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  • Also check the horses vision from the side; a horse should have good peripheral vision

  • Age can be determined by checking the teeth; as a horse ages its teeth become more triangular

  • As a horse ages its teeth form a sharper angle


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  • Watch the horse on the move from a side, rear and front view

  • Make sure the horse is calm, well behaved, and cooperative to saddle and mount

  • The horse should be responsive to all of the rider’s cues


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Vices to Watch For

  • Bolting–

    -horse tends to eat too fast (can lead to colic)

  • Cribbing–

    -setting their teeth against hard object then sucking air

  • Halter pulling–

    -constantly pulling back and resisting being tied

  • Kicking –

    -takes pleasure in kicking something or someone

  • Tail rubbing –

    -persistent rubbing of the tail against a wall or stall

  • Weaving–

    -rhythmical swaying back and forth while standing in the stall

  • Miscellaneous problems–

    -balking, backing, rearing, running away, striking with the front feet, difficult to saddle or bridle, champing (playing with the bit)


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What vice is this horse exhibiting?


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What vice has this horse been exhibiting?


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So, now that you know all there is to know about purchasing a horse; do you still want a horse to ride?


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