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HazMat & Emergency Codes PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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HazMat & Emergency Codes. EPNEC Community-Wide Orientation. JCAHO Standards 2006 Environment of Care (EOC). EC 1.10 – Safety Management EC 2.10 - Security Management EC 3.10 - Hazardous Materials and Waste Management. EOC PLANS ….JCAHO (2). EC 4.10 – Emergency Management

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HazMat & Emergency Codes

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HazMat & Emergency Codes

EPNEC Community-Wide Orientation


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JCAHO Standards 2006 Environment of Care(EOC)

  • EC 1.10 – Safety Management

  • EC 2.10 - Security Management

  • EC 3.10 - Hazardous Materials and Waste Management


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EOC PLANS

….JCAHO (2)

  • EC 4.10 –Emergency Management

  • EC 5.10 - Fire Safety Management

  • EC.6.10-Medical Equipment Management

  • EC 7.10-Utilities Management


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Emergency Codes

CODE BLUE- CARDIAC ARREST


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CODE RED - Fire

EXCEPT FOR Thomason:

DR. RED


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CODESTRONG:

VIOLENT SITUATION


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DISASTER….

INTERNAL/EXTERNAL

  • TENET: CODE INTERNAL/EXTERNAL TRIAGE

  • THOMASON: PLAN D

  • HCA : CODE D

  • WBAMC: CODE TRIAGE


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BOMB THREAT

  • HCA: CODE ORANGE

  • TENET: CODE ORANGE

  • THOMASON: CODE ORANGE

  • WBAMC: CODE TRIAGE


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INFANT ABDUCTION

  • HCA: CODE ALERT

  • TENET: CODE ALERT

  • THOMASON: CODE PINK

  • WBAMC: CODE PINK


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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS & WASTE

Knowledge of the proper procedures in the special handling, use, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes and materials.


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JCAHO

Hazardous Materials and Waste

  • - Handling, use, and storage guided/defined by local, state, or federal regulation

  • - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) - Regulations for Bloodborne Pathogens: disposal of blood and blood-soaked items

  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission - Regulations for handling and disposal of radioactive waste

  • Other:Hazardous vapors (e.g., gluteraldehyde, ethylene oxide, nitrous oxide)


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Regulations cont.

  • Hazardous energy sources (e.g. ionizing or non-ionizing radiation, lasers, microwave, ultrasound).

  • Joint Commission considers infectious waste as falling into this category of materials (hazardous waste)

  • Federal regulationsdo not define infectious or medical waste as hazardous waste


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TYPES OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS -

Health-care workers may use or be

exposed to each day

INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES

Some infectious substances (such as some viruses) can be transmitted by blood and other body fluids,equipment, containers, paper goods, glassware, linens and by people.

RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS

These require special handling techniques to prevent exposure to personnel and visitors.


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TYPES OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS AND GASES

For example, chemicals, such as ether or alcohol, can burn or explode.

TOXIC CHEMICALS

A person may be exposed over a long period of time before effects are noticed.


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Routes of Entry

Inhalation- you breath it (most common)

Ingestion- you eat it

Absorption- soaks through skin

Injection- puncture wound


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Remember

  • Many hazmats are odorless, colorless and tasteless

  • You may be exposed before you know it

  • Approach safely


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MSDS Sheets

  • Product’s chemical and trade name

  • Manufacturer’s name, address, and emergency number

  • List of hazardous ingredients

  • Details about the product’s physical and chemical characteristics

  • Data on fire and explosion characteristics


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MSDS CONT.

  • Health hazard info: routes of entry, effects of exposure, and signs and symptoms of exposure

  • Emergency and first aid instructions

  • Protective equipment and ventilation requirements (PPE)

  • Other precautions for safe handling and use: disposal of wastes, storage, & spillage recommendations


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YOUR ATTITUDE -- AND ACTIONS – …….COUNT!

You must want to do your job safely and you must understand and use safe practices and methods. That’s what being part of an effective safety team is all about!


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KNOW THE POTENTIAL HAZARDS

  • In each area of the facility where you work:

  • Observe signs, and take precautions when entering an area identified as hazardous.

  • Know what’s inside a container before you handle it!


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PPE

  • Gloves & Goggles

  • Masks

  • Respirator

  • Gowns & Aprons

  • Footwear

  • Good hygiene


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IN CASE OF SMALL SPILLS

  • You know what it is, staff trained to handle without assistance

  • Small quantity

  • No immediate danger to staff exposed

  • Contain the spill

  • Act Quickly

  • Wear PPE

  • FOR OTHER SPILLS: Notify proper personnel, clear immediate area

    (e.g. unknown substance , large amt. or dangerous substance)


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Be sure to wash hands:

  • Before entering or leaving work area

  • Before and after contact with patient

  • After handling items such as bedpans, dressings, etc.

  • After removing gloves

  • After using the toilet, blowing your nose or covering a sneeze

  • Before eating, drinking or handling food or smoking


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Prevent Injuries from Sharps

  • Let falling objects fall

  • Practice safe handling techniques

  • Don’t reach into containers

  • Dispose of sharps carefully


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Other Important Tips

  • Take training seriously

  • Avoid taking shortcuts

  • Report unsafe conditions

  • Know emergency procedures


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