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MAJORING IN WAGERING: Gambling in College Non-tribal casinos? Card rooms? 2005: Video slots More tribal casinos? 1994-2004: Nine tribal casinos open 1992: Video lottery begins 1989: Off-track betting 1933: Legalization of racetrack gambling 1984:

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MAJORING IN WAGERING:

Gambling in College


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Non-tribal casinos?

Card rooms?

2005:

Video slots

More tribal casinos?

1994-2004: Nine tribal casinos open

1992:

Video lottery begins

1989:

Off-track betting

1933: Legalization of racetrack gambling

1984:

Voters approve state lottery

Legal Gambling in Oregon

?


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Gambling in Oregon

  • Lottery

    • Scratch-its

    • Megabucks

    • Powerball

    • Video gaming

    • Keno

  • Bingo

  • Casino gaming

  • Sports bets

  • Horse racing

  • Stocks

  • Internet

  • Office pools

  • Poker/cards

  • Bets among friends

The only state that offers more gambling opportunities than Oregon is Nevada!


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Availability

Accessibility

Acceptability

Age

“A” Host of Gambling Trends



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SPORTS BETS

  • About 30% of U.S. college students will gamble on sports this year (NCPG)

  • Only states where sports wagering is legal:

    • Nevada

    • Oregon


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A NEW CAMPUS FAVORITE: INTERNET GAMBLING

  • More than 1,400 Internet casinos

  • All offshore

  • Concerns

    • So new that effects are not well studied

    • Not much legal oversight or protection

    • Very easy to hide

    • Done in isolation

    • Accelerated progression to problem gambling


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WHEN IT GETS TO BE TOO MUCH

  • Rate of problem gambling among college students is about 5.6% (Shaffer & Hall, 2001)

  • About 15 percent of college students at least at risk for gambling problems (Neighbors, University of Washington)


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AT HIGH RISK:Rates of Problem Gambling by Age

Sources: Carlson & Moore, 1998; Shaffer & Hall, 2001; Moore, 2001; Volberg, 2001


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IMPLICATIONS: MORE THAN JUST MONEY

  • Debt/loss of property

  • Family and social breakups

  • Loss of job

  • Depression, suicide

  • Increased rates of bankruptcies, crimes (theft, robbery, fraud, forgery, embezzlement) to finance gambling

  • Other risky behaviors concurrent


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Male

Weekly or daily user of alcohol or illicit drugs

Relatively high disposable income

Had been raised by a parent with a gambling problem

NOT associated with problem gambling:

Amount of credit card debt

GPA

School class level

“TYPICAL” COLLEGE PROBLEM GAMBLER

Source: Winters, 1998


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SOCIAL GAMBLING

PROBLEM GAMBLING

TELLING THE DIFFERENCE

Frequent, or spends more time gambling.

Occasional gambler.

Plays with $ that is needed or borrowed.

Sticks to limits of money to play with.

Expects to win; keeps playing to win back losses.

Hopes to win but

expects to lose.

Is revolved around gambling.

Can take it or

leave it.


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X X X

X X X X

O O O O O

O

O O

GAMBLING & COLLEGE ATHLETICS


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ATHLETES VS. NON-ATHLETES

  • General gambling:

    • Athletes 81%

    • Non-athletes 81%

  • 28% of athletes gambled on athletic events

  • Rate of problem gambling:

    • Athletes 6.2%

    • Non-athletes 3.3%

Source: Rockey, 2002; Southeastern Conference (SEC) study


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MOST POPULAR GAMBLING ACTIVITIES AMONG ATHLETES

  • Sports betting

    • 25% gambled on sports

    • 4% gambled on events they were involved in

  • Playing cards for money

  • Lotteries

  • Casino games

  • Casino-style machines (e.g., slots & video poker)

Source: Miller et. al, 2001


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UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN STUDY

  • 72% of student athletes have gambled at least once since entering college

  • One in 20 male student athletes admitted:

    • providing inside information for gambling purposes

    • betting on a game in which they participated, or

    • accepting money for performing poorly in a game

  • Student athletes who gambled on sports with bookies gambled an average of $225 per month

Source: Cross & Vollano, University of Michigan


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NO SAFE BET: DANGERS OF ATHLETE PROBLEM GAMBLING

  • Athletic & academic failure

  • Crime

  • Relationship problems

  • Alcohol & substance abuse

  • Debt

  • Depression & suicide

  • NCAA repercussions


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NCAA RULES FOR STUDENT ATHLETES

  • “You may not place any bet of any sort on any college or professional sports event.”

  • “You may not give information to anyone who does place bets on college or professional sports.”


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ADDRESSING THE PROBLEM ON CAMPUS

  • Policies:

    • Introduce gambling language in student conduct code

  • Campus-based program recommendations:

    • Campus counseling services

    • Curriculum infusion – gambling with addictions courses, etc.

    • Prevention programs: Provide awareness education, including available help resources for gambling and other disorders

    • Resident hall advisor training


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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COLLEGE ATHLETICS

  • Athletic screening:

    • Part of a routine annual physical

    • Two questions to rule out problem gambling behaviors

      • Have you ever felt the need to bet more and more money?

      • Have you ever had to lie to people important to you about how much you gambled?

  • Athletic policy


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GETTING HELP IN YOUR AREA

1-877-2-STOP-NOW

Help Line, available 24 hrs, every day

  • Your treatment agency name here

    • Treatment is free for gamblers and loved ones

    • More tidbits about your regional treatment agency here


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FOR MORE INFORMATION

Your name

Your agency

Your phone

Your email address


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